What’s the DCM Full Form?

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dcm full form

DCM full form is one of the numerous terms in the field of healthcare that is addressed as an acronym to save time in case of a medical emergency. It is one of the abbreviations used to indicate a serious health issue, but what does DCM stand for? This blog will explore the full form of DCM, along with its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Read on to know more!

DCM Full Form

The full form of DCM is Dilated Cardiomyopathy, a serious medical condition that affects the heart muscle. DCM occurs when the heart chambers, especially the left ventricle, become enlarged and weakened, resulting in reduced blood flow and oxygen delivery to the body. In other words, the heart is unable to pump blood as efficiently, causing fluid to accumulate in the lungs and the entire body and eventually leading to cardiac failure.

Causes of DCM

The exact cause of DCM is often unknown, but there are some established risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing this condition. Some of the common causes of DCM are:

  1. Genetics
  2. Infections
  3. Alcohol Abuse
  4. Diabetes
  5. Thyroid disorders
  6. Autoimmune diseases

Symptoms of DCM

DCM may not cause any symptoms at first, but as the condition progresses, it can lead to various signs and symptoms of heart failure. These include:

  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Fatigue
  3. Swelling (in lungs, abdomen, legs, feet, or veins)
  4. Irregular heartbeat and palpitations, dizziness, fainting.
  5. Chest pain 

DCM Full Form: Diagnosis and Treatment

DCM can be diagnosed by various tests that evaluate the structure and function of the heart. Some of the common tests for DCM are:

  1. Physical examination
  2. Blood tests
  3. Chest X-ray
  4. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  5. Echocardiogram
  6. Stress Test
  7. Cardiac catheterization
  8. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

This condition can be treated by medications, devices, surgery, or transplantation depending on the severity and cause of the condition.

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We hope that this blog helped you understand the DCM full form, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Go through this full forms list to discover more abbreviations and their full forms, and don’t forget to follow Leverage Edu. Thank you for reading!

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