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What is the Full Form of COPD?

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The full form of COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It is a chronic inflammatory lung disease. It stops the flow of oxygen or air in your lungs. It has different causes ranging from the creation of mucus to difficulty in breathing. However, it is a quite common kind of disease these days. If you are a smoker and you feel fatigued someday or have trouble catching your breath, make sure that you get your COPD checked. Scroll through to learn more about COPD disease. 

Also Read- What is the Full Form of SOB?

Symptoms of COPD

Before moving ahead in reading the symptoms, it is important you know that these symptoms usually show when there has been much damage in your lungs. 

Symptoms of COPD
Difficulty BreathingWheezing
Chest TightnessChronic Cough
Frequent InfectionsLow Energy
Swollen AnklesExacerbations

Also Read- What is the Full Form of RT?

Causes of COPD

For most developing nations, the main cause is smoking, whereas, for most developed nations it is heating and cooking in poor residential areas. 

Causes of COPD
Emphysema Bronchitis 
Cigarette SmokingAir pollution
Dust ExposureSmoke or Fumes Exposure

Also Read- What is the full form of BDP?

Complications of COPD

COPD can lead to several serious complications, including:

  • Respiratory Infections: People with COPD are more prone to colds, flu, and pneumonia. These infections can further damage lung tissue and make breathing even more difficult.
  • Heart Problems: COPD increases the risk of heart disease, including heart attack. This is because the heart has to work harder to pump blood through damaged lungs.
  • Lung Cancer: People with COPD have a higher risk of developing lung cancer. Smoking, a major cause of COPD, is also a major risk factor for lung cancer.
  • High Blood Pressure in Lung Arteries (Pulmonary Hypertension): COPD can cause high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs. This can strain the heart and lead to right-sided heart failure.
  • Depression: The limitations caused by COPD can make it difficult to participate in activities you enjoy. This, along with the challenges of managing a chronic illness, can contribute to depression.
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