What is Communism? Find Out History, Beliefs, Pros and Cons

3 minute read
What is Communism

Communism is a political ideology. It is a type of government where the State owns the main resources, including means of production, property, education, agriculture, and transportation. Furthermore, it proposes a society where everyone equally shares the benefits of labour, therefore eliminating the class system by redistributing income. Let us see what is Communism!


Communism is a political and economic ideology. Additionally, it aims to establish a socioeconomic order that is based on the ideas of common ownership of the means of production. Moreover, it believes in the absence of money, social class, and the state.

Also Read: What Is Fascism?

Beliefs of Communist Ideology

Karl Marx is known as the Father of Communism. He proposed this ideology in a book named Communist Manifesto which he wrote with Friedrich Engels. The manifesto focused on the following beliefs:

  • Class struggle in all historical societies
  • The instability created by capitalism
  • Equal division of labour profit

History and Timeline of Communism

Here is the History and Timeline of Communism:

History and Timeline of Communism
7th November, 1917Emergence of the Soviet Union, the first communist government, after the October Revolution inspired by The Communist Manifesto.
1st July, 1921Inspired by the Russian Revolution, the Communist Party of China was formed.
21st January, 1924Lenin dies and Joseph Stalin eventually takes over, industrializing the country with a state-controlled economy. However, this led to famine. The world witnesses the Great Purge.
8th May, 1945World War II ends. U.S.S.R. declares victory over Nazi Germany.
9th May, 1945Cold War begins. 
7th September, 1945Korea was divided into the Soviet-occupied communist North and the United States-occupied South.
12th March, 1947Under President Harry S. Truman the U.S. provides defense from communist takeovers by entering into the wars in Vietnam and Korea. 
1st October, 1949After the civil war, Mao Zedong, China’s Communist Party leader, declares the creation of the People’s Republic of China. The US ends diplomatic ties with China.
1st January, 1959Fidel Castro takes over Cuba and makes it a Communist state.
25th April, 1975Formation of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam under Communist rule.
9th November, 1989Fall of the Berlin Wall.
1989-90Collapse of communist regimes in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Benin, Nicaragua, Mozambique, and Yemen.
25th December, 1991The Soviet Union dissolves with the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev. 
History and Timeline of Communism

Also Read: Right Wing V/S Left Wing: Meaning, Differences, Similarities

Communist Countries 

In the 1900s, one-third of the world’s population had communist governments. However, today only five countries have a communist form of government: 

  • North Korea
  • China 
  • Laos 
  • Vietnam 
  • Cuba. 

Debatably these countries do not meet the true definition of communism. And stand in a transitional phase between the end of capitalism and the creation of communism.



#1. Which of the following countries does not have a communist form of government?

#2. When did the Berlin Wall fall?

#3. Who is known as the father of communism?

What is Communism in simple words?

Communism is a political and economic ideology. It aims to establish a socioeconomic order that is based on the ideas of common ownership of the means of production. It believes in the absence of money, social class, and the state.

What is communism vs socialism?

On one hand, Communism believes that the working class should be in control of capital and production as well as shared ownership. On the other hand, Socialism believes in a more gradual shift of power from the bourgeois to the working class and is more concerned with the collective good.

Related Blogs

What is Adjournment Motion?What is the Administrative Tribunal in India?
What is the Doctrine of Colourable Legislation?What is a Writ of Prohibition?
What is the Difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles?What is the Difference between Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles?
What is Universal Adult Franchise?What is the Difference Between Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties?

Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of What is Communism. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity!

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *