Active and Passive Voice Change Exercises For Class 6 [PDF Available]

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Active voice enhances clarity and directness, engaging readers with a dynamic focus on the action’s doer. Passive voice, is useful for formality and shifting emphasis, especially when the doer is deemphasized or unknown, and it aids in avoiding direct blame. The effective use of both active and passive voices allows writers to tailor their communication for optimal impact and effectiveness. This blog article will help the students of class 6 to learn about the new concept of voice based on their learning of subject, verb, and object.

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What is Subject, Verb, And Object?

These three things form the main part of the sentence around which the sentence is structured.

Subject:  Who?

The subject is the doer of the action or the one being described in the sentence.

Example: The cat sat on the windowsill.

Verb:     What action?

The verb is the action or state of being expressed in the sentence.

Example: The cat sat on the windowsill.

Object:  Where?

The object is the receiver of the action or the one being affected by the action.

Example: The cat sat on the windowsill.

Also Read: Tenses Rules: Charts, Examples, Types [PDF Available]

What Are Active and Passive Voices?

Active Voice:

When the subject in the sentence acts, the verb is said to be in active voice. 

For Example 

Sita is drinking water. 

( Here Sita is the subject and drinking is the verb. Sita is the doer of the action here so the verb is in active voice.)

Passive voice:

When the subject in the sentence receives the action instead of performing it, the verb is said to be in a passive voice. 

For Example

Water is being drunk by Sita.

(Here Sita is receiving the action of Drinking Water therefore we can say that the verb is in passive voice.) 

In the example mentioned above, the word ‘attacked’ is the action and ‘my sister’ is the subject.

Whereas, in the next sentence, ‘my sister’ is the subject and ‘was attacked’ is the action.

Also Read: Reported Speech Rules With Exercises

Changes of Pronouns in Active and Passive Voice

These rules will help you change pronouns from active to passive voice.

Active Voice Passive Voice
I Me
We Us
You You
He  His
She Her
It It
They Them

Rules for Change in Tense For Active and Passive Voice

Learn the rules of change in tenses through this table:

Tense Indefinite Continuous Perfect
Present is/am/are + verb in the third form is seen/ am seen/ are seen is/am/are + being + verb in third form is being/ seen/am being seen/are being seen has/have + been + verb in third form has been seen/have been seen
Past will/shall + be + verb in the third form will be seen/shall be seen was/were + verb in the third form was seen/were seen was/were + being + verb in the third form was being seen/were being seen
Future is/am/are + being + verb in the third form is being/ seen/am being seen/are being seen No change had + been + verb in the third form had been seen

Note: We cannot change the tense of the following tenses while changing them from active to passive.

1. Present Perfect Continuous.

2. Past Perfect Continuous.

3. Future Continuous.

4. Future Perfect. Continuous.

Also Read: Reported Speech Rules With Exercises

Practice Exercise of Active and Passive Voice For Class 6

Pick out the subject, verb, and object in each sentence.

  1. The dog chases the ball.
  2. She reads an interesting book.
  3. The students answer the questions in class.
  4. We bake cookies for the school event.
  5. The sun warms the earth.
  6. I  eat a delicious sandwich for lunch.
  7. They plant flowers in the garden.
  8. The teacher teaches a new lesson.
  9. He kicks the soccer ball into the goal.
  10. The mechanic fixes the car.
  11. We watch a movie on Friday nights.
  12. Mom cooks dinner for the family.
  13. The baby laughs at the funny clown.
  14. The artist paints a beautiful landscape.
  15. The children play in the park.

Answers 

Match the answers with the following sentences:

  1. The dog (subject) chases (verb) the ball (object).
  2. She (subject) reads (verb) an interesting book (object).
  3. The students (subject) answer (verb) the questions (object) in class.
  4. We (subject) bake (verb) cookies (object) for the school event.
  5. The sun (subject) warms (verb) the earth (object).
  6. I (subject) eat (verb) a delicious sandwich  (object)for lunch.
  7. They (subject) plant (verb) flowers  (object)in the garden.
  8. The teacher (subject) teaches (verb) a new lesson. (object)
  9. He (subject) kicks (verb) the soccer ball  (object) into the goal.
  10. The mechanic (subject) fixes (verb) the car (object).
  11. We (subject) watch (verb) a movie  (object) on Friday nights.
  12. Mom (subject) cooks (verb) dinner for the family.
  13. The baby (subject) laughs (verb) at the funny clown.
  14. The artist (subject) paints (verb) a beautiful landscape.
  15. The children (subject) play (verb) in the park.

FAQs

What is the difference between active and passive voice?

Active voice: The subject is the doer or performs the action.
Passive voice: The subject receives the action, and the focus is on the action or the object.

How can students identify the subject and the verb in a sentence?

The subject is the doer of the action or the one being described.
The verb is the action or state of being in the sentence.

Why active voice is important in writing?

Active voice adds clarity and directness to sentences, engaging readers by emphasizing the doer of the action.

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