Bloom’s Taxonomy: Definition, Domains, and Examples (Free PDF)

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Bloom's Taxonomy

You’re mistaken if you believe that teaching is easy. Teaching career doesn’t stop after getting the degree. To become a teacher, you must acknowledge the scope of infinite learning. There are a lot of effective classroom teaching methods that a teacher can use to create a better learning environment. Bloom’s Taxonomy is one of those methods through which you can bring out a student’s true potential. To know more about Bloom’s Taxonomy, read this blog. Also, don’t forget to download the free PDF below!

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Download Bloom’s Taxonomy: Definition, Domains and Examples PDF here!

About Bloom’s Taxonomy 

Bloom's Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy is a framework for organizing educational objectives created by Benjamin Bloom in 1956 who chaired the committee of educators that developed the taxonomy. He also edited the first volume of the standard text, Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. It categorizes learning into three domains: cognitive (thinking skills), affective (emotional and social growth), and psychomotor (physical skills). The taxonomy helps educators create lesson plans and assess learning outcomes at various levels of complexity within each domain. Read more to learn about lesson planning.

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Domains of Bloom’s Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy has been classified into three categories: organising

  1. Cognitive Domain (knowledge-based)
  2. Affective Domain (emotion-based)
  3. Psychomotor Domain (action-based)

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Cognitive Domain 

The cognitive domain of Bloom’s Taxonomy focuses on intellectual skills and knowledge acquisition. It contains various levels, from basic recall of facts to higher-order thinking like analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. This domain guides learners in tasks such as remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating.

KnowledgeKnowledge involves recognizing or remembering facts, terms, basic concepts, or answers without necessarily understanding what they mean.
ComprehensionComprehension involves demonstrating an understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, summarizing, translating, generalizing, giving descriptions, and stating the main ideas.
ApplicationThe application involves using acquired knowledge to solve problems in new situations. This involves applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules.
AnalysisAnalysis involves examining and breaking information into component parts, determining how the parts relate to one another, identifying motives or causes, making inferences, and finding evidence to support generalizations.
SynthesisSynthesis involves building a structure or pattern from diverse elements; it also refers to the act of putting parts together to form a whole or bringing pieces of information together to form a new meaning.
EvaluationEvaluation involves presenting and defending opinions by making judgments about information, the validity of ideas, or the quality of work based on a set of criteria. 

Affective Domain 

The affective domain focuses on emotions, attitudes, and values. It addresses the development of feelings, interests, and ethical perspectives. This domain emphasizes objectives like receiving, responding, valuing, organizing, and characterizing.

ReceivingAt the lowest level; the student passively pays attention. Without this level, no learning can occur. Receiving is about the student’s memory and recognition as well.
RespondingThe student actively participates in the learning process, and not only attends to a stimulus; the student also reacts in some way.
ValuingThe student attaches a value to an object, phenomenon, or piece of information. The student associates a value or some values to the knowledge they acquired.
OrganizingThe student can put together different values, information, and ideas, and can accommodate them within their own schema; the student is comparing, relating, and elaborating on what has been learned.
CharacterizingThe student at this level tries to build abstract knowledge.

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Psychomotor Domain 

The psychomotor domain involves physical skills and coordination. It covers activities ranging from simple movements to complex tasks requiring precision and dexterity. This domain consists of skills like perception, set, guided response, mechanism, complex overt response, adaptation, and origination.

PerceptionThe ability to use sensory cues to guide motor activity: This ranges from sensory stimulation, through cue selection, to translation.
SetReadiness to act: It includes mental, physical, and emotional sets. 
Guided ResponseThe skillful performance of motor acts that involve complex movement patterns: Proficiency is indicated by a quick, accurate, and highly coordinated performance, requiring a minimum amount of energy.
MechanismThe intermediate stage in learning a complex skill: Learned responses have become habitual and the movements can be performed with some confidence and proficiency.
Complex overt responseThe skilful performance of motor acts that involve complex movement patterns: Proficiency is indicated by a quick, accurate, and highly coordinated performance, requiring a minimum amount of energy.
AdaptationSkills are well developed and the individual can modify movement patterns to fit special requirements.
OriginationCreating new movement patterns to fit a particular situation or specific problem: Learning outcomes emphasize creativity based upon highly developed skills.

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Example of Bloom’s Taxonomy

Here’s how teachers can imply Bloom’s Taxonomy in the classroom:

Cognitive Domain

  • Explain concepts or ideas in your own words, like summarizing a paragraph.
  • Using knowledge in a new situation, like solving a math problem using a specific formula.
  • Breaking down information to understand its components, like identifying the cause and effect in a historical event.
  • Making judgments based on criteria, like assessing the credibility of a source in a research paper.
  • Generating new ideas, products, or ways of thinking, like designing an original experiment.

Affective Domain

  • Paying attention and being open to new information, like actively listening during a lecture.
  • Showing interest, participating, or reacting to stimuli, like engaging in a class discussion.
  • Recognizing the worth or importance of something, like appreciating the cultural significance of a piece of art.
  • Prioritizing values and resolving conflicts between them, like balancing personal and professional commitments.
  • Demonstrating a consistent set of values through behavior, like consistently acting with integrity in all situations.
Source: Simplilearn

Psychomotor Domain

  • Using senses to interpret cues, like identifying different musical notes by ear.
  • Being prepared and ready to act, like positioning oneself correctly before starting a dance routine.
  • Following instructions and imitating a demonstrated skill, like learning a new yoga pose.
  • Performing complex movements with a high degree of coordination, like playing a musical instrument.
  • Coordinating multiple actions into a smooth, integrated performance, like executing a gymnastics routine.
  • Modifying movements to fit changing conditions, like adjusting a golf swing to account for wind.
  • Creating new movements or patterns, like choreographing a unique dance routine.

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Q.1. What is Bloom’s Taxonomy?

Ans: Bloom’s Taxonomy classifies educational objectives into cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains.

Q.2. What are the domains of Bloom’s taxonomy?

Ans: The domains of Bloom’s Taxonomy are cognitive, affective, and psychomotor.

Q.3. What are the examples of Bloom’s taxonomy?

Ans: Examples of Bloom’s Taxonomy include recalling facts (cognitive), showing empathy (affective), and performing a physical task (psychomotor).

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