# Factors of 16: Negative Factors, Factor Tree, Pairs and Division Method and more!

Getting to learn the Factors of 16 help with complex mathematical problems and solutions. Furthermore, there are five Factors of 16 that this blog will help you find along with the negative factors of 16 too. Moreover, you get to learn about the Factor Tree, Prime Factor, Factor Pairs and the Factors of 16 via the Division Method.

## What are the Factors of 16?

The Factors of 16 are all the integers that divide evenly into 16 without leaving a remainder. If you divide 16 by a factor, you get a whole number (no decimals) as the result. Moreover, here are the Factors of 16:

• 16 ÷ 1 = 16 (Yes! 1 is always a factor of any number)
• 16 ÷ 2 = 8
• 16 ÷ 4 = 4
• 16 ÷ 8 = 2
• 16 ÷ 16 = 1

Therefore, the Factors of 16 are 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16. You can see that 16 has five factors, which include 1 and itself.

## What are the Negative Factors of 16?

Additionally, the Negative Factors are got by multiplying the Positive Factors by -1. Here is the list:

• -16: 16 x -1 = -16
• -8: 8 x -1 = -8
• -4: 4 x -1 = -4
• -2: 2 x -1 = -2
• -1: 1 x -1 = -1

Hence, the complete set of Factors for 16 includes both Positive and Negative Factors: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, -1, -2, -4, -8, and -16.

## What is the Factor Tree of 16?

A Factor Tree is a graphic presentation of the factors of a number. It is like a branching tree where the number itself is the root, and the branches represent the factors that can be further divided. Here is a Factor tree for 16:

16

/    \

8     8

/ \     / \

4   4  2  2

In this tree, you start with 16 at the root. Then, you find the factors that divide 16 (which are 2 and 8). These factors become the next level of branches. You can further divide 8 by 2 and 4, which are shown on the next level. Since 4 cannot be divided further by whole numbers (except 1 and itself), it becomes the end point of the branches.

Also Read: Factors of 1 to 25

## What is a Prime Factor of 16?

A Prime Factor is a factor that cannot be further broken down into smaller whole numbers (except 1 and itself). Moreover, Prime factors are the building blocks of any number.

• The Factors of 16 are 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16.
• Out of these factors, only 2 is a Prime Number.

2 is a Prime number because it has exactly two factors which are 1 and 2. Since you cannot divide 2 further into any significant whole numbers. Therefore, 2 is the Prime factor of 16. You can express 16 as a product of Prime factors using exponents: 16 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 (or 2⁴). Furthermore, this shows that 16 has four multiplied copies of the Prime number 2.

## What are Factor Pairs for 18?

Factor pairs are two factors of a number that multiply to give that number. Since you found all the factors of 16 (including negative factors), you can now identify all the Factor pairs for 16:

• (1, 16)
• (2, 8)
• (4, 4)
• (-1, -16)

## Factors of 16 by Division Method

Furthermore, the Division method is a systematic way to identify all the factors of a number through repeated division by smaller numbers.

Here is how to find the Factors of 16 using the Division method:

• You begin with the number 16.
• The smallest Prime number is 2. So, we divide 16 by 2.

16 ÷ 2 = 8

• Since the result (8) is not a Prime number, you can continue dividing. Hence, you again divide by 2.
8 ÷ 2 = 4
• We continue dividing by 2 until we reach a Prime number that cannot be further divided.
4 ÷ 2 = 2
• At this point, you have reached a Prime number (2). Now, retrace your steps and look at the numbers used in the division process which are 16, 8, 4, and 2. Therefore, these are all the Factors of 16 because each Division resulted in a whole number with no remainder.

I hope this helps! Did you like learning about the Factors of 16? Keep reading our blogs to learn more about the Basic Concepts of Maths!