World History UPSC 🌍: Topics, Timeline, and Questions

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World History UPSC: Do you know how to read world history for the UPSC mains exam? It is one of the selected high-scoring subjects of the UPSC Civil Services Exams. There are many interesting topics such as Colonization, World Wars, the Industrial Revolution, and more in the syllabus of UPSC world history.

We have shared the list of important topics, and a question bank to practice. Apart from that, you can also find the previous year’s questions, also. Without spending much time, let’s start with the blog directly.                               

World History UPSC Syllabus 

Below you can find the syllabus for World History UPSC ⬇️

Industrial Revolution

  • Decline of feudalism
  • Beginning of Renaissance
  • Pre-industrial Europe
  • Factors that led to the industrial revolution and its Impact

French Revolution

  • Causes of the Revolution in France
  • The fall of Berlin Wall
  • France under Napoleon
  • Impact and Significance of Revolution

Nationalism in Europe

  • Rise of the nation-state system
  • Unification of Italy and Germany

Also Read: 🇻🇳 Colonialism in Vietnam

Colonialism and Imperialism

Emergence of USA

  • Foundation of American Colonies
  • The Independence of USA
  • The American War of Independence and its impact
  • Political Effects of the Revolution
  • How did the American Revolution influence the French Revolution?

World War 1

  • Causes and Course of the war
  • Consequences of World War I
  • Aftermath of World War I
  • League of Nations

Russian Revolution

  • Major events in pre-revolution Russia
  • Causes and Course of revolution
  • Consequences and Aftermath of the war
  • Post-Lenin Russia

Inter-War Years (1919 TO 1939)

  • The Great Depression- an economic perspective
  • Rise of Fascism in Italy & Nazism in Germany
  • Soviet Union (USSR)

World War- II

  • Causes & Course of World war 2
  • Aftermath &Analysis of the war
  • Decolonization Phase

Also Read: 🌏Difference between Colonialism and Imperialism

Development in Middle East

  • Democratic Reforms in Middle East
  • Arab nationalism
  • Israel and Palestine

Cold War Era

  • Cold War
  • Impact in India
  • Indian Policy

Post Cold-War World

  • Global issues since 1991
  • Integration of Europe
  • Rise of global Islamic terrorism
  • Rise of China

Communism, Socialism and Capitalism

  • Capitalism (concept, types and example)
  • Communism (concept, types, example)
  • Relevance of capitalism in present era

📌 World History Topics for UPSC 

Below you can find the list of important topics for World History UPSC.

  • American Revolution – Get important key terms in the American Revolution in the linked article.
  • Russian Revolution
  • French Revolution
  • Imperialism
  • Nazism – Check the difference between Nazism and Fascism in the linked article.
  • Fascism
  • Unification of Italy
  • Unification of Germany
  • Bi-Polar World and Cold War
  • Uni-Polar World
  • Disintegration of USSR

📝 Previous Year Questions – World History UPSC Mains

Below you can find the previous year questions for the World history UPSC from the year 2020 to 2013.


There was no question in the World History segment of UPSC Mains GS 1 in 2020. Download UPSC Mains Question Papers from the linked article.


  1. Explain how the foundation of the modern world was laid by the American and French Revolutions.


  1. The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.


  1. Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present?
  2. To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically


  1. What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
  2. What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power?
  3. The New Economic Policy – 1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate.


  1. “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experienced.
  2. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by the accident of European competition. Analyse.
  3. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate.
  4. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression?

📃 World History Timeline fo UPSC

Below, you can find the important timeline of important topics of history till 1950.

B.C.3000 The majestic Great Pyramids were built
B.C 776 The first Olympiad took place in Greece
B.C 753 The founding of Rome
B.C 490 The Battle of Marathon occurred
The Greeks triumphed over the Persians
B.C 360 The era of Aristotle and Plato
B.C 332 Alexander the Great conquered Egypt
B.C 323 Alexander the Great passed away in Babylon
B.C 214 The construction of the Great Wall of China commenced
B.C 4 The birth of Jesus Christ
A.D. 29 Jesus Christ was crucified
375 The Huns invaded Europe
570 Prophet Mohammed was born in Mecca
632 The death of MohammedThe Hijri Era began
1280 Roger Bacon invented gunpowder
1338 The Hundred Years’ War began
1348 The Black Death Plague swept across Europe
1453 The Turks seized Constantinople
1453 The Renaissance period started in Europe
1492 Columbus discovered America
1498 Vasco-de-Gama discovered the sea route to India
1588 The Spanish Armada was defeated
1600 The British East India Company was established in India
1660 The monarchy was reinstated in England
1665 The Great Plague of England
1668 The Glorious Revolution took place in England
1704 The Battle of Blenheim
1707 England and Scotland were united
1776 The American Declaration of Independence
1789 The French Revolution took place
George Washington was elected the first President of America
1805 The Battle of Trafalgar
1815 The Battle of Waterloo
1832 The Reforms Bill was passed in England
1837 Queen Victoria ascended to the throne of England
1861 The American Civil War started
1863 Slavery was abolished in the USA
1865 President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated
1869 The Suez Canal was opened for traffic
1895 Roentgen discovered X-rays
1896 Marconi invented the wireless
1904 The Russia-Japan war broke out
1905 Einstein discovered the Theory of Relativity
1911 The Chinese Revolution
1912 The Republic of China was established
1914 World War I began
1917 The Russian Revolution
1918 World War I ended
1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed
1920 The League of Nations was formed
1923 Turkey was declared a Republic
1933 Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany
1936 The Spanish Civil War erupted
1939 World War II began
1941 Hitler invaded Russia
Japan invaded Pearl Harbour
1945 The United Nations Organization was established
World War II ended
President Roosevelt died.
The atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki for the first time
1946 The Civil War in China
1947 Ceylon and Burma gained independence
1948 The United Nations Organisation was established
World War II ended
President Roosevelt died.
The atomic bomb was dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki for the first time

Related Blogs

🤝Warsaw Pact 🌏Redrawal of National Boundaries
🇮🇹 Unification of Italy 🌐 Colonialism in Latin America
🏙️ Industrialisation (1760 to 1840) 🌏 Industrial Revolution in USA, Germany, Russia and Japan

Mr. Owl – “Kiddos, I’ve answered all your queries with the utmost precision that I was capable of. Now, I’ll be taking my leave, but if you think I might have missed something, do check out the FAQ section or drop a comment. I always respond!”


What are the most popular history topics?

There are various popular history topics including Religion in Ancient Greece, Causes of the American Revolution, American Neutrality in World War Ⅰ, and more.

Is it easy to cover the whole history syllabus?

Yes it is easy to cover the whole history syllabus but with utmost strategy and dedication.

Why history is famous?

History allows you to learn and understand how people and societies handled the situation.

Hope you have gotten all the relevant information about the World History UPSC ! If you want to know more about topics like this, then visit our general knowledge page! Alternatively, you can also read our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams!

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