List of Important Days and Years: Updated List for 2024-25 Competitive Exams

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List of Important Days and Years

Some important days and dates are significant both domestically and globally. These days are observed in remembrance of noteworthy events that happened on certain specific days. To be informed about the events that occurred, people should be aware of all the important days and dates in 2024. Having a solid understanding of important dates by month has become crucial in today’s society, since candidates for government jobs are frequently asked two or three questions based on this information.  

In addition to giving you a quick overview of important events in 2024, it will improve your knowledge and assist you in getting ready for competitive examinations like the State PCS, IAS, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, Banking Exams, RRB, etc. Examining the calendar for 2024 and marking important days and dates can assist you in earning marks while also keeping you aware of the happenings. 

Important Days in 2024

Days of importance are marked or celebrated in celebration of a greater good, a deserving person or event, or both. The idea of observing such days has been widely promoted by a large number of corporations globally. Important Days in India are frequently associated with renowned organisations that promote and finance projects aimed at improving people’s lives all around the world. Take World Braille Day, for instance.

Let us look at the list of important days and years categorically so that it becomes easy for you as well. 

Also Read: Backup Plan for UPSC Aspirants

Birth/ Death Anniversaries

DatesDays and Events
11 JanuaryDeath anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri
12 JanuaryBirthday of Swami Vivekananda
23 JanuaryNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s birthday
28 JanuaryBirth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai
30 JanuaryDeath anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi
12 FebruaryAbraham Lincoln’s Birthday
13 FebruarySarojini Naidu’s Birth Anniversary
14 AprilDr B.R. Ambedkar’s Birth Anniversary
07 MayRabindranath Tagore’s Birth Anniversary
21 MayDeath anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi
20 AugustSadbhavana Diwas (Birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi), Akshay Urja Diwas
29 AugustBirth anniversary of Dhyanchand
02 OctoberBirth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi
14 NovemberBirth anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru

Awareness Days

Date and MonthDay
1st JanuaryGlobal Family Day
4th JanuaryWorld Braille Day
6th JanuaryWorld Day of War Orphans
11th – 17th JanuaryNational Road Safety Week
12th JanuaryNational Youth Day
24th JanuaryNational Girl Child Day
25th JanuaryNational Voters Day
25th JanuaryNational Tourism Day
26th JanuaryInternational Customs Day
27th JanuaryInternational Holocaust Remembrance Day
28th JanuaryData Privacy Day
29th JanuaryWorld Leprosy Day
2nd FebruaryWorld Wetlands Day
2nd FebruaryRA Awareness Day
4th FebruaryWorld Cancer Day
6th FebruaryInternational Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation
6th February to 12th FebruaryInternational Development Week
8th FebruarySafer Internet Day
10th FebruaryNational Deworming Day
10th FebruaryWorld Pulses Day
11th FebruaryWorld Day of the Sick
11th FebruaryInternational Day of Women and Girls in Science
14th FebruaryInternational Epilepsy Day
20th FebruaryWorld Day of Social Justice
24th FebruaryCentral Excise Day
27th FebruaryWorld NGO Day
28th FebruaryNational Science Day
28th FebruaryRare Disease Day
1st MarchZero Discrimination Day
1st MarchWorld Civil Defence Day
1st MarchSelf Injury Awareness Day
3rd MarchWorld Wildlife Day
3rd MarchWorld Hearing Day
4th MarchNational Safety Day
8th MarchNo Smoking Day (Second Wednesday of March)
10th MarchCISF Raising Day
14th MarchInternational Day of Action for Rivers
15th MarchWorld Consumer Rights Day
20th MarchWorld Sparrow Day
21st MarchWorld Forestry Day
21st MarchWorld Poetry Day
21st MarchWorld Down Syndrome Day
22nd MarchWorld Water Day
23rd MarchWorld Meteorological Day
24th MarchWorld Tuberculosis Day
25th MarchInternational Day of the Unborn Child
27th MarchWorld Theatre Day
2nd AprilWorld Autism Awareness Day
4th AprilInternational Day for Mine Awareness
5th AprilNational Maritime Day
7th AprilWorld Health Day
10th AprilWorld Homeopathy Day
17th AprilWorld Haemophilia Day
18th AprilWorld Heritage Day
21st AprilNational Civil Service Day
22nd AprilWorld Earth Day
25th AprilWorld Malaria Day
28th AprilWorld Day for Safety and Health at Work
29th AprilWorld Veterinary Day (last Saturday of April)
2nd MayWorld Asthma Day (First Tuesday of May)
8th MayWorld Red Cross Day
8th MayWorld Thalassaemia Day
15th MayInternational Day of Families
17th MayWorld Hypertension Day
18th MayWorld AIDS Vaccine Day
19th MayNational Endangered Species Day (Third Friday in May)
21st MayNational Anti-Terrorism Day
22nd MayInternational Day for Biological Diversity
31st MayWorld No-Tobacco Day
2nd JuneInternational Sex Workers’ Day
4th JuneInternational Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
5th JuneWorld Environment Day
8th JuneWorld Brain Tumor Day
12th JuneWorld Day Against Child Labor
13th JuneInternational Albinism Awareness Day
14th JuneWorld Blood Donor Day
15th JuneWorld Elder Abuse Awareness Day
17th JuneWorld Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
18th JuneAutistic Pride Day
19th JuneWorld Sickle Cell Awareness Day
23rd JuneInternational Widows’ Day
23rd JuneUnited Nations Public Service Day
26th JuneInternational Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
July 1Doctor’s Day (India)
July 3International Plastic Bag Free Day
July 17World Day for International Justice
July 28World Hepatitis Day
July 28World Nature Conservation Day
July 29International Tiger Day
9th AugustInternational Day of World’s Indigenous People
12th AugustInternational Youth Day
19th AugustWorld Humanitarian Day
23rd AugustInternational Day for the Remembrance of Slave Trade and Abolition
26th AugustWomen’s Equality Day
9th SeptemberWorld First Aid Day
16th SeptemberWorld Ozone Day
21st SeptemberInternational Day of Peace (UN)
21st SeptemberWorld Alzheimer’s Day
26th SeptemberWorld Contraception Day
26th SeptemberWorld Environmental Health Day
29th SeptemberWorld Heart Day
4th OctoberWorld Animal Welfare Day
6th OctoberWorld Cerebral Palsy Day
10th OctoberWorld Mental Health Day
12th OctoberWorld Arthritis Day
13th OctoberUN International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
22nd OctoberInternational Stuttering Awareness Day
24th OctoberUnited Nations Day
24th OctoberITBP Raising Day
6th NovemberInternational Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
7th NovemberNational Cancer Awareness DayInfant Protection Day
14th NovemberWorld Diabetes Day
17th NovemberNational Epilepsy Day
25th NovemberInternational Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
1st DecemberWorld AIDS Day
2nd DecemberNational Pollution Control Day
2nd DecemberInternational Day for the Abolition of Slavery
2nd DecemberWorld Computer Literacy Day
3rd DecemberWorld Day of the Handicapped or International Day of Persons with Disabilities
5th DecemberInternational Volunteer Day for economic and social development
9th DecemberInternational Anti-Corruption Day
10th DecemberHuman Rights Day

Environmental Days

Date and MonthEnvironmental Days
2nd FebWorld Wetland Day
27th FebInternational Polar Bear Day
3rd MarchWorld Wildlife Day
14th MarchWorld Wildlife Day
18th MarchGlobal Recycle Day
21st MarchWorld Forestry Day
22nd MarchWorld Water Day
26th MarchAnniversary of the Chipko Andolan
7th AprilWorld Health Day
22nd AprilWorld Earth Day
28th AprilWorld Day for Safety and Health at Work
2nd Saturday of May (and October)World Migratory Bird Day
16th MayInternational Day of Light
20th MayWorld Bee Day
21st MayInternational Tea Day
22nd MayInternational Biodiversity Day
31st MayWorld No-Tobacco Day
3rd JuneWorld Bicycle Day
5th JuneWorld Environment Day
5th JuneInternational Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
7th JuneWorld Food Safety Day
8th JuneWorld Oceans Day
15th JuneGlobal Wind Day
1st Week of JulyVan Mahotsav (Forest Festival)
11th JulyWorld Population Day
29th JulyInternational Tiger Day
9th AugustInternational Day of the World’s Indigenous People
12th AugustWorld Elephant Day
20th AugustRajiv Gandhi Akshaya Urja Diwas
7th SeptemberNational Threatened Species Day
16th SeptemberWorld Ozone Day
21st SeptemberZero Emission Day
22nd SeptemberWorld Rhino Day
27th SeptemberWorld Tourism Day
1st to 7th OctoberWildlife Week
13th OctoberInternational Day for Disaster Reduction
23rd OctoberInternational Snow Leopard Day
24th OctoberInternational Day of Climate Action
24th OctoberUnited Nations Day
31st OctoberWorld Cities Day
5th NovemberWorld Tsunami Awareness Day
19th NovemberWorld Toilet Day
5th DecemberWorld Soil Day
11th DecemberInternational Mountain Day

Science and Technology Days

January 1st WeekNational Road Safety Week
January 1st WeekIndian Science Congress
January 12National Youth Day
January 30National Anti Leprosy Day
February 28National Science Day
March 8International Women’s Day
March 16Measles Vaccination Day
March 23World Meteorological Day
April 7World Health Day
April 22Earth Day
May 1-7Malaria Prevention Week
May 11Technology Day
May 17World Telecommunication Day
May 31World No-Tobacco Day
June 5World Environment Day
June 26International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
July 11World Population Day
August 1-7World Breast-Feeding Week
August 9International Youth Day
August 25 – September 8National Eye Donation Fortnight
September 1-7National Nutrition Week
September 8International Literacy Day
September 8Eye Donation Day
September 16World Ozone Day
October 1International Day for the Elderly
October 1Voluntary Blood Donation Day
October 1-7Wildlife Week
October, 1st MondayWorld Habitat Day
October, 1st MondayUniversal Children’s Day
October, 2nd WednesdayInternational Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
October 9World Post Day
October 16World Food Day
October 24United Nations Day
October 24World Development Information Day
November 10International Science Day
Nov. 19 – Dec. 18National Environment Month
NovemberInternational Week of Science and Peace
December 1World AIDS Day
December 2World Computer Literacy Day
December 2National Pollution Prevention Day
December 14National Energy Conservation Day
December 29International Day for Biological Diversity
December 27-31National Children’s Science Congress


The Union Home Ministry revealed the Padma awards on the eve of India’s 75th Republic Day. The President of India will present the awards during a solemn event. Every year, Rashtrapati Bhavan hosts these rituals during the months of March and April. The President has given his approval for 132 Padma Awards to be given out this year.

Science and engineering, the arts, social work, public affairs, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, and civil service are just a few of the disciplines and sectors of endeavour in which Padma Awards are granted. The Union Home Ministry announces the winners on Republic Day each year.

One of the highest civilian honours in the nation, the Padma Awards are given out in three categories:

Padma Vibhushan: The “Padma Vibhushan” is a recognition given for outstanding and noteworthy service.

Padma Bhushan: The nation’s significant contribution in civilian domains is recognised with the award of “Padma Bhushan.”

Padma Shri: “Padma Shri” for distinguished service, and Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of outstanding service in any field.

Padma Vibhushan (2024)

S.No.Awardee NameFieldState
1.Ms. Vyjayantimala BaliArtTamil Nadu
2.Shri Konidela ChiranjeeviArtAndhra Pradesh
3.Shri M Venkaiah NaiduPublic AffairsAndhra Pradesh
4.Shri Bindeshwar PathakSocial WorkBihar
5.Ms. Padma SubrahmanyamArtTamil Nadu

Padma Bhushan (2024)

S.No.Awardee NameFieldState/Country
1.Ms. M Fathima BeeviPublic AffairsKerala
2.Shri Hormusji N CamaLiterature & EducationMaharashtra
3.Shri Mithun ChakrabortyArtWest Bengal
4.Shri Sitaram JindalTrade & IndustryKarnataka
5.Shri Young LiuTrade & IndustryTaiwan
6.Shri Ashwin Balachand MehtaMedicineMaharashtra
7.Shri Satyabrata MookherjeePublic AffairsWest Bengal
8.Shri Ram NaikPublic AffairsMaharashtra
9.Shri Tejas Madhusudan PatelMedicineGujarat
10.Shri Olanchery RajagopalPublic AffairsKerala
11.Shri Dattatray Ambadas Mayaloo alias RajduttArtMaharashtra
12.Shri Togdan RinpocheOthers – SpiritualismLadakh
13.Shri Pyarelal SharmaArtMaharashtra
14.Shri Chandreshwar Prasad ThakurMedicineBihar
15.Ms. Usha UthupArtWest Bengal
16.Shri VijaykanthArtTamil Nadu
17.Shri Kundan VyasLiterature & Education – JournalismMaharashtra

Padma Shri (2024)

1Shri Khalil AhamadArtUttar Pradesh
2Shri Badrappan MArtTamil Nadu
3Shri Kaluram BamaniyaArtMadhya Pradesh
4Ms. Rezwana Choudhury BannyaArtBangladesh
5Ms. Naseem BanoArtUttar Pradesh
6Shri Ramlal BarethArtChhattisgarh
7Ms. Gita Roy BarmanArtWest Bengal
8Ms. Parbati BaruahSocial WorkAssam
9Shri Sarbeswar BasumataryOthers – AgricultureAssam
10Shri Som Datt BattuArtHimachal Pradesh
11Ms. Takdira BegumArtWest Bengal
12Shri Sathyanarayana BeleriOthers – AgricultureKerala
13Shri Drona BhuyanArtAssam
14Shri Ashok Kumar BiswasArtBihar
15Shri Rohan Machanda BopannaSportsKarnataka
16Ms. Smriti Rekha ChakmaArtTripura
17Shri Narayan ChakrabortyScience & EngineeringWest Bengal
18Shri A Velu Ananda ChariArtTelangana
19Shri Ram Chet ChaudharyScience & EngineeringUttar Pradesh
20Ms. K ChellammalOthers – AgricultureAndaman & Nicobar Islands
21Ms. Joshna ChinappaSportsTamil Nadu
22Ms. Charlotte ChopinOthers – YogaFrance
23Shri Raghuveer ChoudharyLiterature & EducationGujarat
24Shri Joe D CruzLiterature & EducationTamil Nadu
25Shri Ghulam Nabi DarArtJammu & Kashmir
26Shri Chitta Ranjan DebbarmaOthers – SpiritualismTripura
27Shri Uday Vishwanath DeshpandeSportsMaharashtra
28Ms. Prema DhanrajMedicineKarnataka
29Shri Radha Krishan DhimanMedicineUttar Pradesh
30Shri Manohar Krishana DoleMedicineMaharashtra
31Shri Pierre Sylvain FilliozatLiterature & EducationFrance
32Shri Mahabir Singh GudduArtHaryana
33Ms. Anupama HoskereArtKarnataka
34Shri Yazdi Maneksha ItaliaMedicineGujarat
35Shri Rajaram JainLiterature & EducationUttar Pradesh
36Shri JankilalArtRajasthan
37Shri Ratan KaharArtWest Bengal
38Shri Yashwant Singh KathochLiterature & EducationUttarakhand
39Shri Zahir I KaziLiterature & EducationMaharashtra
40Shri Gaurav KhannaSportsUttar Pradesh
41Shri Surendra KishoreLiterature & Education – JournalismBihar
42Shri Dasari KondappaArtTelangana
43Shri Sridhar Makam KrishnamurthyLiterature & EducationKarnataka
44Ms. Yanung Jamoh LegoOthers – AgricultureArunachal Pradesh
45Shri Jordan LepchaArtSikkim
46Shri Satendra Singh LohiaSportsMadhya Pradesh
47Shri Binod MaharanaArtOdisha
48Ms. Purnima MahatoSportsJharkhand
49Ms. Uma Maheshwari DArtAndhra Pradesh
50Shri Dukhu MajhiSocial WorkWest Bengal
51Shri Ram Kumar MallickArtBihar
52Shri Hemchand ManjhiMedicineChhattisgarh
53Shri Chandrashekhar Mahadeorao MeshramMedicineMaharashtra
54Shri Surendra Mohan Mishra (Posthumous)ArtUttar Pradesh
55Shri Ali Mohammed & Shri Ghani Mohammed* (Duo)ArtRajasthan
56Ms. Kalpana MorpariaTrade & IndustryMaharashtra
57Ms. Chami MurmuSocial WorkJharkhand
58Shri Sasindran MuthuvelPublic AffairsPapua New Guinea
59Ms. G NachiyarMedicineTamil Nadu
60Ms. Kiran NadarArtDelhi
61Shri Pakaravur Chithran Namboodiripad (Posthumous)Literature & EducationKerala
62Shri Narayanan E PArtKerala
63Shri Shailesh NayakScience & EngineeringDelhi
64Shri Harish Nayak (Posthumous)Literature & EducationGujarat
65Shri Fred NegritLiterature & EducationFrance
66Shri Hari OmScience & EngineeringHaryana
67Shri Bhagabat PadhanArtOdisha
68Shri Sanatan Rudra PalArtWest Bengal
69Shri Shankar Baba Pundlikrao PapalkarSocial WorkMaharashtra
70Shri Radhe Shyam PareekMedicineUttar Pradesh
71Shri Dayal Mavjibhai ParmarMedicineGujarat
72Shri Binod Kumar PasayatArtOdisha
73Ms. Silbi PassahArtMeghalaya
74Ms. Shanti Devi Paswan & Shri Shivan Paswan* (Duo)ArtBihar
75Shri Sanjay Anant PatilOthers – AgricultureGoa
76Shri Muni Narayana PrasadLiterature & EducationKerala
77Shri K S RajannaSocial WorkKarnataka
78Shri Chandrashekar Channapatna RajannacharMedicineKarnataka
79Shri Bhagwatilal RajpurohitLiterature & EducationMadhya Pradesh
80Shri Romalo RamArtJammu & Kashmir
81Shri Navjivan RastogiLiterature & EducationUttar Pradesh
82Ms. Nirmal RishiArtPunjab
83Shri Pran SabharwalArtPunjab
84Shri Gaddam SammaiahArtTelangana
85Shri SangthankimaSocial WorkMizoram
86Shri Machihan SasaArtManipur
87Shri Omprakash SharmaArtMadhya Pradesh
88Shri Eklabya SharmaScience & EngineeringWest Bengal
89Shri Ram Chander SihagScience & EngineeringHaryana
90Shri Harbinder SinghSportsDelhi
91Shri Gurvinder SinghSocial WorkHaryana
92Shri Godawari SinghArtUttar Pradesh
93Shri Ravi Prakash SinghScience & EngineeringMexico
94Shri Seshampatti T SivalingamArtTamil Nadu
95Shri SomannaSocial WorkKarnataka
96Shri Kethavath SomlalLiterature & EducationTelangana
97Ms. Shashi SoniTrade & IndustryKarnataka
98Ms. Urmila SrivastavaArtUttar Pradesh
99Shri Nepal Chandra Sutradhar (Posthumous)ArtWest Bengal
100Shri Gopinath SwainArtOdisha
101Shri Laxman Bhatt TailangArtRajasthan
102Ms. Maya TandonSocial WorkRajasthan
103Ms. Aswathi Thirunal Gouri Lakshmi Bayi ThampurattyLiterature & EducationKerala
104Shri Jagdish Labhshanker TrivediArtGujarat
105Ms. Sano VamuzoSocial WorkNagaland
106Shri Balakrishnan Sadanam Puthiya VeetilArtKerala
107Shri Kurella VittalacharyaLiterature & EducationTelangana
108Shri Kiran VyasOthers – YogaFrance
109Shri Jageshwar YadavSocial WorkChhattisgarh
110Shri Babu Ram YadavArtUttar Pradesh

Arjuna Awards (2020 – 2024)

2020Dutee Chand
2020Sandeep (Para Athletics)
2021Arpinder Singh
2021Yogesh Kathunia (Para Athletics)
2021Nishad Kumar (Para Athletics)
2021Praveen Kumar (Para Athletics)
2021Sharad Kumar (Para Athletics)
2022Seema Punia (Athletics)
2022Eldhoj Paul (Athletics)
2022Avinash Mukund Sable (Athletics)
2023M Sreeshankar (Athletics)
2023Parul Chaudhary (Athletics)

Also Read: UGC NET Exam Date

Important Years Throughout History  

A significant percentage of the competitive exams syllabus is dedicated to world history. Most of the 18th century’s events are included in the General Studies Mains curriculum. Candidates preparing for competitive exams should have a solid grasp of world and Indian history, as this would help them further in General Studies on Indian and International Relations.

World Timeline

This timeline covers significant events in world history up until 1950.

B.C.3000 The majestic Great Pyramids were built
B.C 776The first Olympiad took place in Greece
B.C 753The founding of Rome
B.C 490The Battle of Marathon occurred
The Greeks triumphed over the Persians
B.C 360The era of Aristotle and Plato
B.C 332Alexander the Great conquered Egypt
B.C 323Alexander the Great passed away in Babylon
B.C 214The construction of the Great Wall of China commenced
B.C 4The birth of Jesus Christ
A.D. 29Jesus Christ was crucified
375The Huns invaded Europe
570Prophet Mohammed was born in Mecca
632The death of MohammedThe Hijri Era began
1280Roger Bacon invented gunpowder
1338The Hundred Years’ War began
1348The Black Death Plague swept across Europe
1453The Turks seized Constantinople
1453The Renaissance period started in Europe
1492Columbus discovered America
1498Vasco-de-Gama discovered the sea route to India
1588The Spanish Armada was defeated
1600The British East India Company was established in India
1660The monarchy was reinstated in England
1665The Great Plague of England
1668The Glorious Revolution took place in England
1704The Battle of Blenheim
1707England and Scotland were united
1776The American Declaration of Independence
1789The French Revolution took place
George Washington was elected the first President of America
1805The Battle of Trafalgar
1815The Battle of Waterloo
1832The Reforms Bill was passed in England
1837Queen Victoria ascended to the throne of England
1861The American Civil War started
1863Slavery was abolished in the USA
1865President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated
1869The Suez Canal was opened for traffic
1895Roentgen discovered X-rays
1896Marconi invented the wireless
1904The Russia-Japan war broke out
1905Einstein discovered the Theory of Relativity
1911The Chinese Revolution
1912The Republic of China was established
1914World War I began
1917The Russian Revolution
1918World War I ended
1919The Treaty of Versailles was signed
1920The League of Nations was formed
1923Turkey was declared a Republic
1933Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany
1936The Spanish Civil War erupted
1939World War II began
1941Hitler invaded Russia
Japan invaded Pearl Harbour
1945The United Nations Organization was established
World War II ended
President Roosevelt died
The Atom Bomb was dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1946The Civil War in China
1948Ceylon and Burma gained independence
1949The Communists seized power in ChinaIndonesia achieved independence

Indian Timeline

The History Timeline Chart below lists the major events in Indian history in chronological order, spanning from the ancient era to the modern era.

Timeline Event
Before Common Era
9000 BCE Early Neolithic Period
7000 to 3300 BCEMehrgarh Culture
3000 to 1500 BCE
3000 – 2600 BCE
2600 – 1700 BCE
1700 – 1500 BCE
Indus Valley Civilization, Early Harappan Phase, Mature Harappan Phase, Late Harappan Phase
1400 BCEComplete disappearance of Harappan towns
1500 to 1000 BCEEarly Vedic age, also known as the Rigveda age
1000 BCEIron age of India
1000 to 500 BCELater Vedic Age
600 BCEEmergence of 16 Mahajanapadas
563 BCEBirth of Gautama Buddha (Founder of Buddhism)
540 BCEBirth of Vardhamana Mahavira (Founder of Jainism)
516 BCEPenetration of Iranian ruler, Darius into Northwest India
326 BCEInvasion of India by Alexander of Macedonia (Battle of Hydaspes)
322 BCEEstablishment of the Mauryan dynasty
273 to 232 BCEReign of Ashoka
265 BCEBeginning of Kalinga war
261 BCEEnd of the Kalinga war
250 BCEThe Third Buddist Council was held
200 BCEBeginning of Central Asian contacts and invasion of Bactrian Greeks
184 BCEThe decline of the Mauryan Empire
100 BCEEstablishment of Satavahana Dynasty in Deccan
78 BCEShaka era was started by the Kushan ruler, Kanishka
57 BCEBeginning of the Vikram era
Common Era
78 CEGautamiputra Satakarni becomes Satavahana ruler
240 CEEstablishment of the Gupta Empire by Sri Gupta
319 CEBeginning of the Gupta era by Chandragupta I
319 to 334 CEReign of Chandragupta I
335 to 380 CEReign of Samudragupta
380 to 412 CEReign of Chandragupta II
450 CEHunas invasion and end of Gupta Empire
606 to 647 CEPeriod of King Harshavardhana
973 to 1190 CEReign of Chalukyas of Kalyani
753 CEEstablishment of the Rashtrakuta dynasty by Danti Durga
760 to 1142 CEReign of Palas in Eastern India
788 CEBirth of Adi Sankaracharya
985 to 1014 CEReign of Rajaraja Chola
1014 to 1044 CEReign of Rajendra Chola
1000 to 1027 CEInvasion of India by Mahmud of Ghazni
1191 CEFirst Battle of Tarain (Mohammad Ghori defeated by Prithviraj III)
1192 CESecond Battle of Tarain (Prithviraj III defeated by Mohammad Ghori)
1192 to 1206 CEGanga-Jamuna doab and its surrounding was under Turkish rule
1206 CEEstablishment of the Delhi Sultanate by Qutbuddin Aibak
1210 CEDeath of Qutbuddin Aibak
1210 to 1236 CEReign of Iltutmish
1236 to 1240 CEReign of Raziya
1265 to 1287 CEReign of Balban
1290 CEEstablishment of the Khalji dynasty by Jalaluddin Khalji
1290 to 1296 CEReign of Jalaluddin Khalji
1296 to 1316 CEReign of Alauddin Khalji
1320 CEEstablishment of the Tughlaq dynasty by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
1320 to 1325 CEReign of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
1325 to 1351 CEReign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
1327 CETransfer of capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (by Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq)
1333 CEArrival of Ibn Batuta to India
1351 to 1388 CEReign of Firuz Tughlaq
1394 to 1412 CEReign of Nasiruddin Mahmud
1398 CEInvasion of Delhi by Timur
1412 CEThe Reign of the Tughlaq dynasty came to an end
1414 to 1451 CEReign of the Sayyid dynasty
1451 CEEstablishment of the Lodi dynasty
1451 to 1489 CEReign of Bahlul Lodhi
1489 to 1517 CEReign of Sikandar Lodhi
1517 to 1526 CEReign of Ibrahim Lodhi
1526 CEFirst Battle of Panipat
1336 CEEstablishment of the Vijayanagara Empire by Harihara and Bukka
1377 to 1404Reign of Harihara II
1404 to 1422 CEReign of Deva Raya I
1425 to 1446 CEReign of Deva Raya II
1509 CETuluva dynasty was founded by Krishna Deva Raya
1509 to 1530 CEReign of Krishnadeva Raya
1565 CEBattle of Talikota or Battle of Rakshasa-Tangadi. Marked the decline of the Vijayanagara empire
1346 CEEstablishment of Bahmani Kingdom
1327 to 1358 CEReign of Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah
1397 to 1422 CEReign of Firuz Shah Bahmani
1419 CEDefeat of Firuz Shah Bahmani by Deva Raya I
1498 CEArrival of Vasco da Gama at Calicut
1510 CEThe Portuguese Governor, Alfonso Albuquerque captured Goa from the ruler of Bijapur.
1526 CEFirst Battle of Panipat (Defeat of Ibrahim Lodi by Babur)
1526 CEEstablishment of the Mughal Empire by Babur
1527 CEBattle of Khanwa
1530 CEAccession of Humayun to the throne
1539 CEDefeat of Humayun by Sher Khan at Chausa
1540 CEBattle of Kanauj between Sher Khan and Mughals
1540 CEEstablishment of Sur Empire by Sher Shah
1555 CEHumayun recaptured the throne by defeating Sikandur Suri in the Battle of Sirhind.
1556 CEAccession of Akbar to the throne
1556 CESecond Battle of Panipat
1556 – 1605 CEReign of Akbar
1564 CEAbolition of the Jizyah system by Akbar
1565 CEBattle of Talikota and end of Vijayanagar empire
1575 CEIbadat Khana (Hall of Prayer) was constructed in Fatehpur Sikri
1576 CEBattle of Haldighati (Defeat of Maharana Pratap by Akbar)
1581 CEPromulgation of Din-i-Ilahi by Akbar
1605 to 1627 CEReign of Jahangir
1628 to 1658 CEReign of Shah Jahan
1658 to 1707 CECoronation of Aurangzeb
1679 CEJizyah system was reintroduced by Aurangzeb
1707 CEDeath of Aurangzeb
1709 to 1712 CEReign of Bahadur Shah I
1712 to 1713 CEReign of Jahandar Shah
1713 to 1719 CEReign of Farrukhsiyar
1719 to 1748 CEReign of Muhammad Shah
1738 to 1739 CEPersian emperor, Nadir Shah invaded India
1739 CEBattle of Karnal (Mughals were defeated by Nadir Shah)
1740 to 1748 CEFirst Carnatic War
1748 to 1754 CEReign of Ahmad Shah
1754 to 1758 CEReign of Alamgir II
1757 CEBattle of Plassey
1758 to 1759 CEReign of Shahjehan II
1759 to 1806 CEReign of Shah Alam II
1760 CEBattle of Wandiwash
1761 CEThird Battle of Panipat
1764 CEBattle of Buxar
1765 CEDiwani rights of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa were granted to the British East India Company by Shah Alam II
1765 to 1772 CEDual Government in Bengal
1767 to 1769 CEFirst Anglo-Mysore war
1770 CEGreat Bengal Famine
1772 CEWarren Hastings was appointed as Governor of Bengal
1772 CEAbolition of dual government in Bengal
1773 CEThe Regulating Act of 1773 was passed
1775 to 1782 CEFirst Anglo-Maratha war
1776 CETreaty of Purandhar
1780 to 1784 CESecond Anglo-Mysore war
1782 CETreaty of Salbai
1784 CEPitt’s India Act was passed
1786 to 1793 CELord Cornwallis served as the Governor-General
1790 to 1792 CEThird Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Srirangapatnam (1792)
1793 CEThe Charter Act of 1793 was passed
1793 to 1798 CESir John Shore served as the Governor-General
1798 CELord Wellesley was appointed as Governor-General
1798 CEIntroduction of Subsidiary Alliance 
1799 CEFourth Anglo-Mysore war
1802 CETreaty of Bassein
1803 to 1805 CESecond Anglo-Maratha war
1806 to 1837 CEReign of Akbar II
1807 to 1813 CELord Minto served as the Governor-General
1813 CEThe Charter Act of 1813 was passed
1813 to 1823 CELord Warren Hastings served as the Governor-General
1817 to 1819 CEThird Anglo-Maratha war
1823 to 1828 CELord Amherst served as the Governor-General
1828 CEBrahmo Sabha was founded by Raja Rammohan Roy
1828 to 1835 CELord William Bentinck served as the Governor-General
1833 CEThe Charter Act of 1833 was passed
1836 to 1842 CELord Auckland served as the Governor-General
1837 to 1857 CEReign of Bahadur Shah II and the end of the Mughal empire
1842 to 1844 CELord Ellenborough served as the Governor-General
1844 to 1848 CELord Hardinge served as the Governor-General
1845 to 1846 CEFirst Anglo-Sikh War
1848 to 1849 CESecond Anglo-Sikh War
1848 to 1856 CELord Dalhousie served as the Governor-General
1853 CEThe Charter Act of 1853 was passed
1854 CECharles Wood’s despatch on Education
1856 to 1858 CELord Canning served as the Governor-General
1857 CERevolt of 1857
1858 CELord Canning was appointed as the Viceroy
1861 CEIndian Council Act of 1861 was passed
1861 CEIndian Civil Service Act of 1861 was passed
1862 to 1863 CELord Elgin served as Viceroy
1864 to 1869 CESir John Lawrence served as Viceroy
1866 CEEast India Association was formed by Dadabhai Naoroji
1867 CEPoona Sarvajanik Sabha was founded by M.G.Ranade
1869 to 1872 CELord Mayo served as Viceroy
1875 CEArya Samaj founded by Swami Dayananda
1876 CEIndian National Association was formed by Surendranath Banerjea and Ananda Mohan Bose
1878 CEThe Vernacular Press Act was passed
1880 to 1884 CELord Ripon served as Viceroy
1883 to 1884 CEIlbert Bill Controversy
1884 to 1888 CELord Dufferin served as Viceroy
1885 CEThe first session of the Indian National Congress
1888 to 1893 CELord Lansdowne served as Viceroy
1892 CEIndian Councils Act of 1892 was passed
1893 to 1899 CELord Elgin II served as Viceroy
1899 to 1905 CELord Curzon served as Viceroy
1905 CEPartition of Bengal
1905 to 1910 CELord Minto II served as Viceroy
1906 CESwaraj was declared the goal of the Congress by Dadabhai Naoroji
1906 CEFormation of the Muslim League
1907 CESurat Split of the Congress
1907 CESeditious meeting act was passed
1908 CEIndian Newspapers Act was passed
1909 CEMorley-Minto Reforms
1909 CEIndian Councils Act of 1909 was passed
1910 CEIndian Press Act was passed
1910 to 1916 CELord Hardinge II served as Viceroy
1911 CEAnnulment of Bengal Partition of 1905
1914 to 1919 CEFirst World War
1914 CEThe arrival of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in India
1916 to 1921 CELord Chelmsford served as Viceroy
1916 CEHome Rule League was set up by Tilak and Annie Besant
1916 CELucknow pact between Congress and Muslim League
1916 CEReadmission of Extremists into Congress at Lucknow session of Congress
1917 CEAugust declaration was made by Edwin Samuel Montagu
1917 CEChamparan Satyagraha
1918 CEAhmedabad Mill Strike
1918 CEKheda Satyagraha
1919 CEMontagu-Chelmsford Reform was introduced
1919 CEGovernment of India Act of 1919 was passed
1919 CERowlatt Act was passed
1919 CEJallianwala Bagh Massacre
1920 CEKhilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement
1920 to 1930 CESeveral revolutionary movements took place
1921 to 1926 CELord Reading served as Viceroy
1922 CEChauri Chaura incident
1926 to 1931 CELord Irwin served as Viceroy
1927 CEAll India Women’s Conference was founded by Margaret Cousins
1927 CEAppointment of Simon Commission
1928 CENehru Report was put forth
1929 CEJinnah’s Fourteen points were proposed
1930 CEGandhiji’s Dandi March and Civil Disobedience Movement
1930 to 1931 CEFirst-round Table Conference
1931 CESecond Round Table Conference
1931 CEGandhi-Irwin Pact
1931 to 1936 CELord Wellingdon served as Viceroy
1932 CEThird Round Table Conference
1932 CEAnnouncement of communal award
1932 CEPoona Pact was signed
1935 CEGovernment of India Act of 1935 was passed
1936 to 1944 CELord Linlithgow served as Viceroy
1939 to 1945 CESecond World War
1940 CEAugust Offer was announced
1942 CECripps Mission headed by Sir Stafford Cripps was sent to India
1943 CEThe Bengal Famine
1944 to 1947 CELord Wavell served as Viceroy
1945 CEWavell Plan
1946 CECabinet Mission was sent to India
1947 CEMountbatten Plan was announced
1947 CEIndian Independence Act was passed
1947 CEPartition of India into India and Pakistan
1948 CEAssasination of Gandhi
1949 CEThe Constitution of India was adopted
1950 CEThe Constitution of India came into force

Noble Prize

Most people agree that the Nobel Prize is the most important international honour in existence. The dynamite inventor, Alfred Bernard Nobel, instituted it, and it is given on December 10th, the anniversary of Nobel’s death.

Every year, the Nobel Prize is a prestigious worldwide honour given to a person who has made significant contributions to the disciplines of physics, chemistry, medicine, peace, literature, and economics.

With the exception of the economics category, which was created in 1967 and received its first award in 1969, it has been given out since 1901.

Numerous accomplished Indians have won Nobel Prizes in a variety of disciplines. 

1913LiteratureRabindranath Tagore
1930PhysicsC.V. Raman
1979PeaceMother Teresa
1998Economic StudiesAmartya Sen
2014PeaceKailash Satyarthi

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Important Acts in India Before Independence

India’s legislatures were founded in compliance with UK parliamentary acts while the country was ruled by the British. These legislatures have the authority to enact a number of laws, some of which are still in effect in India even after independence. The following are the significant laws that were passed in India during British rule:

  • Regulating Act of 1773
  • Pitt’s India Act of 1784
  • Charter Act of 1813
  • Bengal Sati Regulation Act of 1829
  • Hindu Widows Remarriage Act of 1856
  • Government of India Act of 1858
  • Indian Councils Act of 1892
  • Government of India Act of 1919
  • Rowlatt Act, 1919
  • Government of India Act of 1935
  • Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
  • Indian Independence Act, 1947

Important Acts in India After Independence

The Indian government amended various acts enacted during British rule after gaining independence. In India, there are 1305 laws as of 2022. While some of these acts are central laws, others are state legislation. The following significant laws were enacted in India following independence:

  • The Special Marriage Act, 1954
  • The Citizenship Act, 1955
  • The States Reorganization Act, 1956
  • The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958
  • The Northeastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
  • The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
  • The Information Technology Act, 2000
  • The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
  • The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
  • The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
  • The National Food Security Act, 2013
  • The National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014
  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015
  • The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018
  • The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019
  • The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019
  • The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019
  • The Code on Wages, 2019
  • The Consumer Protection Act, 2019
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