SGOT Full form is Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase. It is frequently abbreviated as AST (aminotransferase aspartate). It is an enzyme that can be found in tissues other than bones, such as the liver, heart, kidneys, skeletal muscles, and others. Your liver produces the SGOT enzyme. Smaller amounts are produced by other organs such as your kidney, heart, brain, and muscles.
A healthy man’s blood SGOT levels are low. SGOT levels in normal blood range between 5 and 40 units per litre of serum. SGOT or AST are released into the blood when the heart, liver, kidneys, or other tissues are injured. A high AST level implies liver impairment, but it could also be caused by damage to another organ, such as your kidneys or heart. This is why doctors order AST tests in addition to other liver enzyme tests.
Why do People Take That Test?
If the patient has liver disease signs, such as jaundice, the doctor may prescribe an AST test.
- Yellow eyes or skin, known as jaundice
- Skin itching
- Swollen belly
- Loss Of Appetite
- Stomach pain
- Light-coloured poop
- Dark-coloured urine
- Swelling in your ankles and legs
Other possible reasons why the doctor may have ordered the test are listed below:
- If there is a history of liver disease in the family.
- The hepatitis virus had infected the man.
- People take drugs known to cause liver damage.
- When a patient has non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
- If the individual suffers from diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or obesity.
- People who consume a significant amount of alcohol.
Side Effects of SGOT
The following are some of the SGOT(full form Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase) test side effects.
- Feeling dizzy or fainting
- Accumulation of blood under the skin
Preparation for SGOT Test
The SGOT (full form Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase) test is a simple blood test. It is theoretically conceivable to do so without more preparation. There are, however, a few things you can do to make the process go more smoothly.
- Avoid using any over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including acetaminophen (Tylenol), for two days before your test.
- If you do drink them, please contact your doctor. Inform your doctor about any medications you’re taking before the test so that they can account for them while analysing the results.
- Also, drink plenty of water the night before your exam. Staying hydrated will make it easier for the technician to take your blood. Wear something that allows you to show off your forearm.
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