Chitradurga Fort History: Features, Facts, Timings & More

4 minute read
Chitradurga Fort history

Chitradurga Fort is also known as Elusuttina Kote which means Fort of Seven Circles. It is a majestic fort located in the Chitradurga district of Karnataka, India. With a history dating back centuries, this fort stands tall as an architectural brilliance and strategic significance of the rulers who once inhabited its walls. Let’s delve into Chitradurga Fort history, features, and facts and uncover its many intriguing facets.

Commissioned byMauryan Empire
Also Known as Elusuttina Kote
LocationChitradurga district, Karnataka
Timings10:00 am to 5:30 pm; Open Everyday
Entry Fee for fortRs 20 for Indians; Rs 300 for foreigners
CameraAllowed and Free

History of Chitradurga Fort

The Chitradurga Fort has a history that dates back to ancient times, with its origins tracing back to the 10th to 18th centuries. The history of the fort starts with – 

  • Ancient Beginnings:
  • Rise of the Nayakas:
    • Vijaynagar Empire took control of the region, making local Nayakas their feudatories.
    • Nayakas declared independence in 1565 and ruled for 200 years.
    • Fort played a central role in their reign.
  • Shifting Controls:
    • the kingdom of Mysore captured the fort in 1779.
    • The British gained control after defeating Tipu Sultan in 1799.
    • Became part of Mysore province under Wodeyars.
  • Tipu Sultan’s Legacy:
    • He commissioned further fortification work and built a mosque within the fort.
  • British and Beyond:
    • British controlled the fort after defeating Tipu Sultan.
    • After independence, it came under the Mysore government.
Chitradurga Fort in Ruins

Features of Chitradurga Fort

The architecture of Chitradurga Fort reflects a blend of various styles, including Dravidian, Indo-Islamic, and European influences, making it a unique cultural marvel. The fort is spread over a sprawling area of approximately 1,500 acres.

  • It is believed that the fort originally consisted of nearly 19 gateways, 35 secret entrances, 38 postern gates and 4 “invisible” entrances. 
  • Known for its granite ramparts, multiple layers of walls, secret passages, and watchtowers.
  • There are two ponds with the name Akka-Thangi Kolas which means elser and younger sisters.
  • A magnificent rock tower stands in the middle of the fort and is named “ Dwaja Sthamba”.
  • Another feature is its unique seven protective walls, which earned it the moniker of “Kallina Kote” or the “Stone Fortress.”
  • The fort is home to several temples dedicated to deities such as Hidimbeshwara, Phalguneshvara, Ekanathamma, Gopalakrishna, Anjaneya, Subbaraya, Basava and Sampige Siddeshwara, reflecting the religious significance of the site.
  • There are zigzag pathways to reach the fort and also has gates with attached Iron spikes.

Also Read – Purandar Fort History: Features, Facts, Timings & More

Facts about Chitradurga Fort

  • Chitradurga Fort is famously known as “Yelu Suttina Kote” or “Seven Circles Fort” due to its multiple concentric walls.
  • The fort is said to have withstood several sieges and attacks over the centuries, earning it the moniker of “One of the Toughest Forts in the World.”
  • The fort is also famous for the legendary tale of Onake Obavva Kindi, a brave woman who single-handedly defended the fort against enemy soldiers using a pestle (onake) and thwarted Hyder Ali’s initial attack on a secret crevice in 1779. Though the fort eventually fell, her heroism is remembered.
  • Chitradurga Fort has been designated as a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Also Read – Nahargarh Fort History: Features, Facts, Timings & More

Timings of Chitradurga Fort

There are avenues of trekking at the fort and the timings for visiting the Monument and watching the mesmerising views are –

Entry10:00 am to 5:30 pm
Week EntryEveryday
Entry FeeFor Indian Citizens – Rs 20 (e-tickets); Rs 25 (for cash payments including SAARC & Bimstec tourists)
For Foreigners – Rs 250 (e-tickets); Rs 300 (for cash payment)
Free entry for children below 15 years of age 

The fort is renowned for its impregnable defences, which were strategically designed to withstand enemy attacks. Its intricate network of interconnecting walls, fortresses, and watchtowers make it a formidable structure that has stood the test of time. In conclusion, the Chitradurga Fort tells the story of bravery and awe-inspiring architecture in Karnataka.

Chitradurga Fort entrance

Other Attractions near Chitradurga Fort

Vani Vilas Sagar DamAkali Matt- Chandravalli Caves
DavanagereBhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
Ranganathaswamy TempleHampi
Bheemasamudra DamDoddahotrangappa Hill
Janjira Fort HistoryAmer Fort History
Kumbhalgarh Fort HistoryHistory of Fatehpur Sikri
Jaisalmer Fort HistoryGolconda Fort History
Agra Fort HistoryHarihar Fort History
Bhangarh Fort HistoryRed Fort History
Vellore Fort HistoryChittorgarh Fort History
Naldurg Fort HistoryVasai Fort History
Neemrana Fort HistoryMehrangarh Fort History

That’s all about Chitradurga Fort history! If you want to know more about topics like this, then visit our general knowledge page! Alternatively, you can also read our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams!

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *