The Battle Of Buxar Fought Between Whom?

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battle of Buxar fought between whom

The Battle of Buxar took place in the town of Buxar, in present-day Bihar. Fought on 22nd October 1764, the battle resulted in a decisive victory for the British East India Company. The battle was fought between the British East India Company and the combined forces of the Mughal Empire, the Nawab of Awadh, and the Nawab of Bengal. This pivotal conflict ultimately determined the control of vast territories in India and had far-reaching consequences for the region. Let us further discuss with whom the battle of Buxar fought between.

Battle of Buxar
British ForcesBritish East India Company
Mughal EmpireEmperor Shah Alam II
Nawab of BengalMir Qasim
Nawab of AwadhShuja-ud-Daula

The Players Involved

The primary cause of the Battle of Buxar was the British East India Company’s expansionist policies in India. The Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim, had become increasingly dissatisfied with the Company’s interference in his administration and sought to resist their influence. The Company, on the other hand, saw the Nawab as a threat to their economic interests and sought to establish direct control over the region. The battle of Buxar was fought between – 

  1. British East India Company: Led by Major Hector Munro, the East India Company’s forces were well-equipped and disciplined, with a strong focus on military strategy and tactics.
  2. Mughal Empire: Ruled by Emperor Shah Alam II, the Mughal Empire was facing internal rebellion and external threats, weakening their ability to resist the British advances.
  3. Nawab of Awadh: Shuja-ud-Daula’s forces allied with the Mughals and the Nawab of Bengal in an attempt to counter the British expansion in the region. 

The allied forces of the Nawab of Bengal, the Nawab of Awadh, and the Mughal Emperor were led by Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-Daula, and Shah Alam II, respectively.

Also Read – Battle of Saraighat: A Story of Bravery

Despite being outnumbered, the East India Company’s superior military tactics and firepower led to a decisive victory at the Battle of Buxar. The defeated allies were forced to sign the Treaty of Allahabad, which granted the Company control over the rich provinces of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. The defeat of the Indian alliance at Buxar weakened the power of the Mughals and the Nawabs, paving the way for the British to consolidate their control over Indian territories and maintain their dominance in India.

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This blog was all about the battle of Buxar fought between. If you want to read more articles like this, you can get Short notes on the Modern History of India here. Also, you can visit our general knowledge page on Indian History!

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