Facts About Uttar Pradesh Which Will Make You Want to Travel Here 

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Facts About Uttar Pradesh

From the Taj Mahal of Agra to the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh is a rich cultural state. It is the largest State in India in terms of population and the 4th largest State in terms of area. Moreover, this land consists of many religious places like Vrindavan, Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur, etc. Additionally, this state is a rainbow State in India with cultural differences and unity in diversity. In this article, we will cover major facts about Uttar Pradesh and everything relating to the State. 

About Uttar Pradesh

Before saying anything about the facts, let’s dive deeper into the basic information about the Uttar Pradesh state. 

Uttar Pradesh
LocationNorthern India
PopulationMost populous State in India (over 241 million)
Rank (World)Most populous country subdivision
AreaFourth-largest Indian state (243,286 sq mi)
Capital (Executive)Lucknow
Capital (Judicial)Prayagraj
Bordered ByRajasthan (W), Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi (NW), Uttarakhand, Nepal (N), Bihar (E), Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand (S)
Major RiversGanges, Yamuna
Important Pilgrimage SiteTriveni Sangam (Prayagraj)
Forest Cover6.1%
Cultivable Area82%
Uttar Pradesh

Also Read: Interesting Facts About Maharashtra State

Facts About Uttar Pradesh

Furthermore, now let’s move to the facts about Uttar Pradesh. 

  • Kumbh Mela: It is the biggest Hindu festival, held in 4 places: Ujjain, Allahabad, Haridwar, and Nashik. In addition, it witnesses the world’s largest human gathering. Moreover, it is the biggest employment generator in India.
  • Taj Mahal: IT needs no introduction. The Taj Mahal is a beautiful wonder of the world and it is a symbol of love in Uttar Pradesh. Interestingly, we know it for its architecture and history of love. This generates significant revenue from tourism.
  • Lucknow: This fact about Uttar Pradesh’s Lucknow will amaze you. Lucknow is the first CCTV city in India. Moreover, Lucknow is a highly surveilled and monitored city. Around 3,500 CCTV cameras are installed here. 
  • Cradle of Empires: Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires like Magadh, Maurya, Mughal, and more.
  • Heavenly Flora: The Parijaat tree is believed to be brought from heaven by Lord Krishna and is said to have colour-changing flowers.
Fact about Uttar Pradesh
  • Highly Populous: With over 200 million residents, Uttar Pradesh is India’s most populous state, accounting for 16.6% of the country’s population. Notably, if UP was an independent country, it would have been the world’s 5th most populous nation. 
  • Diverse Agriculture: Different regions boast distinct crops. The northwest cultivates sugarcane, rice, maize, and cotton, while the southwest produces wheat, rice, fruits, and oilseeds. Moreover, eastern UP focuses on wheat, rice, and chilli peppers. Notably, the state is India’s “Sugarcane Bowl” due to its massive sugarcane production.
  • Economic Powerhouse: Uttar Pradesh boasts a strong economy. In 2016, its GDP was estimated at $225 billion, ranking 4th nationally. Additionally, it is the second-largest in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) after Maharashtra. Moreover, agriculture and services are the key contributors.
  • Extensive Border Network: Uttar Pradesh holds the distinction of bordering the highest number of States in India (9) and even shares an international border with Nepal. Its neighbours include Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest, Delhi, Haryana, and Rajasthan to the west, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, and Bihar and Jharkhand to the east.

Also Read: 32 Interesting Facts About Haryana in English


What is the old name of UP?

At the time India was a colony of Britishers, Uttar Pradesh was known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. 

What are the main features of Uttar Pradesh?

The geographical features of Uttar Pradesh such as the Shivalik foothills, the Gangetic Plain in the center, and the Gangetic Plain occupying three-quarters of the state make it unique. 

Which is the oldest city in UP?

Varanasi is the oldest city in the Uttar Pradesh. It goes with names like Kashi or Banaras.  

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Now we come to the end of the Facts about Uttar Pradesh. If you want to know more about topics like this, then visit our General Knowledge page! Alternatively, you can also read our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams!

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