What is the Full Form of BSNL?

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BSNL full form

The full form of BSNL is Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited. It is a telecommunication service provider that operates under the Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications, Government of the Republic of India. In addition to telecom services, BSNL also provides internet services and landline and mobile services. It is one of the largest communications service providers in the country. 

History of BSNL

Here is a brief timeline of the largest telecommunication service provider in India:

  • The first telegraph connection in India was established by the East India Company (EIC) in 1850. This connection line was laid down between Diamond Harbour and the city of Calcutta to ease communication.
  • The EIC started using this telegraph line in 1851.
  • Further, the telegraph line was installed across the nation in 1854.
  • Furthermore, the EIC opened the telegraph line for public use in 1854 and the first telegram in India was delivered in the same year between Mumbai to Pune.
  • Finally, in 1885, the Imperial Legislative Council of British India approved the Indian Telegraph Act. With this act, the British government got permission to set up, operate, maintain, and provide licenses for laying communication lines and offering communication services in India.
  • All the communication lines remained intact in independent India and many more telecom lines were laid down after 1947.
  • It was in 1980, that the foundation of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited was established by the Department of Telecommunications, which was formed after dividing the Postal and Telegraph Department of the central government. 

Also Read: How to Become a Telecommunication Engineer?

Administration of BSNL

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is categorised into Vertical Division and Horizontal Division. 

Vertical Division

The vertical classification of the administrative unit of BSNL consists of:

  • Wireline and Broadband Business + Consumer Fixed Access (CFA)
  • Consumer Mobility (for services like 4G/3G GSM) + Wireless in Local Loop-Mobile (WLL-M) (CM)
  • Turnkey solutions

Horizontal Division

The horizontal unit of the BSNL administration comprises:

  • Project Circles
  • Telecom Circles
  • Metro Districts
  • Other Specialised Circles

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