The full form of DDMA is District Disaster Management Authority. It is in charge of continual planning, coordination, organisation, and implementation of disaster prevention and mitigation actions. The Disaster Management Act of 2005 resulted in the establishment of the DDMA. This Act mandates that, in addition to the National Disaster Management Authority, each state establish its own State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs).
Power Distribution Under DDMA
- According to Section 26 (1) of the Disaster Management Act, the Chairperson of the District Authority shall, in addition to presiding over District Authority meetings, exercise and discharge such District Authority authorities and functions as the District Authority may assign to him.
- In the event of an emergency, the Chairperson of the District Authority shall have the authority to exercise all or some of the District Authority’s functions, but such exercise shall be subject to ex post facto approval by the District Authority.
- The District Authority or the Chairperson of the District Authority may, by general or special order, delegate to the Chief Executive Officer of the District Authority any of its or his powers and functions under subsection (1) or (2), as the case may be, subject to such conditions and limitations, if any, as it or he deems fit.
Functions of DDMA
According to Section 34 of the Disaster Management Act, the District Authority may–in reaction to any dangerous crisis situation or disaster–assist, protect, or provide relief to the community.
- Provide instructions for the release and utilisation of resources available from any government department and local government in the district;
- Control and restrict vehicular traffic into, out of, and within the susceptible or impacted region.
- Control and prohibit any person’s access into, movement within, and exit from a vulnerable or affected area;
- Clear debris, conduct search and rescue operations;
- Provide shelter, food, drinking water, and other necessities, as well as healthcare and services.