What is Collegium System?

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What is Collegium System?; What is Collegium System in India?

The collegium system is a method for appointing judges to higher courts in some countries. It is a process where a panel of existing judges recommends candidates for judicial appointments. Furthermore, the Collegium system aims to guarantee the independence of the Judiciary by giving judges significant control over who joins their ranks. In this blog, you will also get to know about the collegium system in India and more!

In addition, here is a breakdown of the core elements:

  • Composition: The collegium typically consists of senior judges from the highest court in the country. The exact number and selection process can vary.
  • Function: The primary role of the collegium is to consider potential candidates for judicial vacancies. They assess their qualifications, experience, and suitability for the role. Based on this evaluation, they recommend a shortlist to the government for final approval.
  • Benefits: Proponents of the collegium system argue that it protects the judiciary from political interference. Judges are best placed to evaluate the competence and integrity of their peers, fostering a strong and independent judiciary.

Also Read: Appointment of Judges of Supreme Court: A Guide

What is Collegium System in India?

India has a unique version of the Collegium System, established through Supreme Court judgments rather than a specific law in the Indian Constitution

Additionally, here is a closer look at the Collegium System in India:

  • Structure: The Collegium System in India includes the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and 4 of the senior-most judges of the Supreme Court of India. Notably, for appointments to the Supreme Court itself, the Collegium may also include the incoming CJI.
  • Functioning: The Collegium recommends appointments and transfers for judges in the Supreme Court and High Courts. Moreover, the Government receives these recommendations and can raise objections, but eventually, the Collegium has the final say.
  • Criticisms: Consequently, the System in India faces criticism for its lack of transparency as well as accountability. Moreover, the selection process is enveloped in secrecy, and there are concerns about possible nepotism or bias.

In conclusion, the collegium system in India remains a topic of debate. While it aims to protect judicial independence, there are ongoing discussions about potential reforms to guarantee a more transparent and inclusive selection process.

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I hope this blog answers your query on What is Collegium System. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity!

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