How is a Prime Minister Elected in India?

3 minute read

The members of the Parliament elect the Prime Minister of India. Article 75 of the Hon’ble Constitution clearly states how the Prime Minister is elected in India. Moreover, it mentions that the PM should be appointed by the President, and other ministers at the suggestion of the PM, are appointed by the President of India. However, there are certain things to consider like the eligibility criteria of the candidate that is taken into account. 

Eligibility of Prime Minister

The following are the eligibility criteria for appointment of the election of Prime Minister of India

  • Indian citizen
  • Must be a representative of Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha, upper house and lower house of the parliament of India respectively. 
  • At least 25 years of age, in case the candidate is active in Lok Sabha. In the case of an active member of Rajya Sabha, the candidate should be 30 years of age minimum.

Also Read- Indira Gandhi: Know All About the First Woman Prime Minister

  • In case the candidate is not an active member of either of the houses of parliament, they can be elected by the President of India, but they will have to serve either of the houses for 6 months after being elected. 
  • In Lok Sabha elections, the candidate’s party or alliance must have scored the most votes. 
  • Must not have a profit-making position in the Indian government services, cabinet, or any other state’s government. 

Power and Functions of the Prime Minister

The Prime Minister of India is the head of the government and nation. The following are the list of functions and responsibilities of the Prime Minister of India. 

  • Head of the Nation– He/She is the sole head of the Government of India. 
  • Recommendation of Ministers- He recommends candidates who can be appointed as Ministers by the President. 
  • Allocation of Portfolio– The elected PM in India has the power to allocate or reshuffle the portfolio of Ministers. 
  • Removal of Minister- In case of disagreement between ministers, the PM can fire or ask the minister to resign from their position. 
  • Chairman of the Cabinet– The Prime Minister of India is the chairman of the cabinet. 
  • Bridge between President and Cabinet– A PM can act as a bridge between the President and Cabinet ministers. All administration-related affairs of the union and proposals for legislation from the end of the cabinet are transmitted to the President of India by the PM. 
  • Head- Nuclear Command Authority, NITI Aayog, Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Space and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions are all headed by the PM of India. 
PM Modi Yojana 2023: Check Full List Here!Prime Minister Scholarship Scheme: CAPF & Assam Rifles
PMRF- Prime Ministers Research FellowshipPM VP Singh: Biography, Education, Role
Education Loan Scheme by Narendra Modi!Lal Bahadur Shastri Death Anniversary

Hope it covers all the important information about the Prime Minister’s election in India. Moreover, you can always seek the help of Civics and Polity to increase your knowledge! If you want to know more about topics like this, then visit our general knowledge page!

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *