What is the Difference between Lok Adalat and Permanent Lok Adalat in India?

2 minute read
Difference between Lok Adalat and Permanent Lok Adalat in India

The Lok Adalat is a platform where cases or disputes, whether pending in a Court or at the pre-litigation stage, are resolved through amicable compromises. In contrast, the Legal Services Authorities Act of 1987 was amended in the year 2002, hence paving the way for the establishment of Permanent Lok Adalats (PLA) tasked with addressing matters related to public utility services. Furthermore, both the Adalats are Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanisms that aim to resolve disputes outside of court. Read on to learn in detail about the Difference between Lok Adalat and Permanent Lok Adalat in India. 

Difference between Lok Adalat and Permanent Lok Adalat

Furthermore, here is a tabular difference between both the Adalats: 

Difference between Lok Adalat and Permanent Lok Adalat in India
FeatureLok Adalat Permanent Lok Adalat 
JurisdictionCases pending in Courts or pre-litigation disputes.Public Utility Services only. 
Cases HandledHandles all types of cases including civil, criminal, and compoundable cases. Primarily handles disputes related to public utility services such as transport, postal, and telegraph services, insurance, and supply of power, water, and sanitation.
ProcedureLess formal and flexible. May have more structured procedures. 
Decision MakingThrough persuasion and conciliation. Can pass binding awards if settlement is not reached. 
Monetary LimitNo specific limit. Up to Rs. 1 Crore (previously Rs. 10 Lakhs). 
CompositionComprises of serving or retired judicial officers, lawyers, and social workers as members. Comprises of a chairman, who is a retired judicial officer, and two other members, one of whom is from the administrative field, and another from the legal profession.

Important Points to Remember 

Here are some important points to remember about the difference between Lok Adalat and PLA: 

  • Lok Adalat is more widely used for various types of cases, while PLA is specific to public utility services.
  • Participation in Lok Adalat is voluntary, while PLA can be mandatory for certain categories of disputes related to public utilities.
  • Lok Adalat focuses on settling through persuasion, while PLA can issue binding awards if no settlement is reached.

Related Blogs

Why Do We Need Two Houses of Parliament?What is Martial Law?
What is the Doctrine of Colourable Legislation?What is the Difference between Martial Law and National Emergency?
What is the Difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles?What is the Difference Between Money Bill and Ordinary Bill?
What is the Difference between a Financial Bill and a Money Bill?What is the Difference Between Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties?

Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of the Difference between Lok Adalat and Permanent Lok Adalat. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity! 

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *