How to Become a Chief Technology Officer (CTO) in India?

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How to become a CTO in India?

Chief technology officers (CTOs), who work at the executive level, assist organizations in creating, implementing, and maintaining their technology-based systems and procedures. The opportunity for high earning potential and the chance to assist organizations in enhancing their innovation capabilities make becoming a CTO both challenging and rewarding. A career as a CTO might be appealing to you if you have a strong interest in technology and experience in leadership. In this article, get the details on how to become a Chief Technology Officer, examine the responsibilities that go along with the position, discuss the typical CTO salary, and more.

Who is a CTO?

A senior-level professional who oversees a company’s technological, R&D, and development requirements is known as a CTO. To contribute to the achievement of the organization’s goals, CTOs are also accountable for evaluating the organization’s short- and long-term objectives. Typically, they answer to the chief executive officer (CEO) or the chief information officer (CIO) of the organisation (CEO). A CTO frequently oversees an IT manager or specific team members within an organisation.

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Types of Chief Technology Officers

There are four different types of chief technologists, or CTOs, in general. They will be referred to as the Thinker, the Customer Champion, the Infrastructure Manager, and the Visionary.

The Visionary

This type of CTO maintains leadership in the company’s business strategy. They were probably involved in the business from the beginning, coming up with the strategy. In order to enhance the technology stack, they conceptualize how technology will be used on-site and look for emerging innovations.

The Infrastructure Manager

This category of specialist executes the technical strategy of the business on the battlefield. The latter, however, needs to be planned ahead of time, so CTOs in this category concentrate on physical and digital systems, security, and maintaining an IT product throughout its operational life cycle. The organization’s overall technology roadmap is also under its control.

The Customer Champion

These technologists combine customer and business objectives in their work. The company’s customers are clearly visible to CTOs, who are also responsible for customer relations and how they affect UI and UX. They maintain a high standard of customer service while staying current with the target market. IT firms with a software focus are particularly interested in this category.

The Thinker

A business model is created by The Thinker. Additionally, it entails strategic activities like researching competing technologies on the market and pushing the limits of current tech stacks. These CTOs work closely with the CEO and other members of the C-suite while also collaborating with staff at lower levels. As a result, CTOs ensure that their strategy is validated and carried out as intended.

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Roles and Responsibilities

Making all decisions about a company’s technological requirements is the chief technology officer’s main duty. The following responsibilities could fall under the purview of a CTO:

  • Establishing and carrying out objectives for the research and development (R&D) division.
  • Creating and managing a technology use strategy for a business to maximise output and productivity.
  • Ensuring that a company uses its technology effectively and profitably.
  • Assessing current technology and introducing new systems as needed.
  • Creating and implementing quality control and data protection procedures.
  • Keeping track of and evaluating IT budgets.
  • Educating employees and stakeholders about technology strategies.
  • Implementing IT initiatives aimed at enhancing customer satisfaction and experience.
  • Approving the creation of new software, communications, and IT infrastructure.
  • Keeping up with new platforms and trends in technology and incorporating this knowledge into the organization’s technological strategy.
  • Teaching and guiding staff members and managers regarding technological expectations and implementations.

Depending on the organization and sector a CTO works in, their precise responsibilities may change. Information technology, computer-based industries, automotive, biotech, and defense are among the sectors where CTOs are most frequently employed.

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How to Become a CTO (Step-by-Step Guide)

The typical steps one might take to pursue a career as a chief technology officer are as follows

Get a Bachelor’s Degree

A bachelor’s degree is typically required for CTO positions to be considered for employment. Computer science, data science, digital media, or other computer science-related fields are common bachelor’s degrees in this field. A degree of this kind can prepare you for a career and acquaint you with concepts like programming, cyber law, and data integrity.

Pursue a Master’s Degree

People who want to work as CTOs in the future might want to earn both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. A master’s degree can help you advance your technical knowledge while preparing you for the business aspects of this position. Many aspiring CTOs pursue master’s degrees in related fields, like business administration or online cybersecurity.

Get some Work Experience

You must first gain on-the-job experience in an IT-related position before you can become a CTO. Before a candidate is taken into consideration for an executive-level position, many employers demand that they have a minimum of five to ten years of experience. Experience in fields like web software development, information security management, and security engineering can all be helpful for this position.

Apply for a Position

You can start looking for an open chief technology officer position once you have obtained the required education and experience. You can look for jobs outside of your current organization or within it. To increase your chances of getting hired, try to apply for jobs in the sector that you are most familiar with.

CTO Certifications

Although obtaining additional certifications might not be necessary, many employers favor hiring applicants who do. You can hone your skills and show off your abilities to potential employers by obtaining credentials related to your industry or project management. You can investigate the following well-known certifications throughout your career:

  • Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM)
  • Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT)
  • Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)

Skills Required

Here are some extra abilities that can help you develop professionally and become a fantastic CTO:

Time Taken to Become a CTO

According to the BLS, a candidate for the position of CTO may need to possess over 10 to 15 years of experience working in various IT roles. You need many years of practical work experience in addition to a bachelor’s and master’s degree to become a chief technology officer. High-level technical, financial, organizational, and leadership experience are prerequisites for CTOs.


A CTO makes an average base salary of ₹2.97 Lakh per year in India. The average CTO salary in the USA was $161,525 (INR 1.33 Cr) in 2020.

It was determined that a CTO’s salary range starts at $96,915 (INR 80.05 Lakh) and that a CTO in the highest position makes $350,510 (INR 2.89 Cr).

A CTO also receives an average of $11,307 (9.34 Lakh) in benefits and bonuses each year. CTOs make an average base salary of about £94,783 (INR 93.67 Lakh) in the UK and AU$ 156,070 (INR 86.68 Lakh) in Australia.


Chief information officers (CIOs) and chief technology officers (CTOs) are key executives in charge of various organisational divisions. A CIO oversees a company’s internal operations and IT division. The CTO, on the other hand, handles outside technical issues in order to improve the company’s services.

There are a few major distinctions between a CTO and a CIO.

  • CTOs work on a product’s technical foundation to increase its marketability and scalability. The CIO, in contrast, is in charge of internal affairs and develops the plan for improvising the IT department.
  • By organizing conferences and seminars on various aspects of technology, the CTO enhances the company’s social presence. To increase sales and secure new projects for the business, the CIO, in contrast, looks after potential business partners.
  • The CTO oversees the secure and effective use of technologies. In contrast, the CIO enhances the process of working with vendors and ISPs to increase productivity.

Final Word

As stated, the roles and duties of the CTO cannot be summarised in a few lines. The CTO position is in a difficult position because it straddles the lines of technical execution, operational management, and executive representation. The best CTO has some knowledge of each of these.

The position of a Chief Technology Officer is crucial for the success of both technology startups and large, stable software companies worldwide. The CTO oversees all technical issues and processes that are involved in addressing the company’s software product challenges.

Even though not every business requires a CTO, at the very least this position can ensure that a company’s technology strategy and the strategy for a given product or service are in sync. After doing some research, you’ll discover that many contemporary CTOs themselves were once project managers and developers.


Q1. How much a CTO earns in India?

Ans. The average annual salary for a CTO in India is 36.0 lakhs, with salaries ranging from 6.2 lakhs to 101.0 lakhs. Salary projections are based on 590 CTOs’ most recent salaries.

Q2. What is the eligibility for CTO?

Ans. If becoming a Chief Technology Officer is their ultimate goal, IT professionals should think about pursuing a master’s degree after working in the field. A high level of complex financial, business and management skills is required for the position, so many employers may insist on an advanced degree like an MBA.

Q3. Is IT hard to become a CTO?

Ans. Being a CTO is a challenging process that requires years of education and experience. But once you have a better idea of what it takes to become a CTO and the essential skills you must acquire, you can begin taking steps in the direction of your ideal CTO position!

This was all about how you can become a Chief Technology Officer in India. If you wish to know more about careers in India, subscribe to Leverage Edu and if you’re planning to study abroad you can connect with our experts at 1800 57 2000 and book your 30-minute free consultation.

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