While the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom are all making changes to their immigration policy in order to attract more migrants, Australia has historically been seen as a desirable location for talented workers. With a new UK-India Young Professionals Scheme (providing 3,000 visa seats annually for 18 to 30-year-old degree-educated Indian nationals to work for up to two years) slated to launch in early 2023, the UK has already recognised the potential of skilled workers from India.
Australia is now up against other nations, like Canada, in the race to entice highly educated immigrants. With a 38 million-person population, Canada has set a lofty objective to accept 465,000 new permanent residents in 2023, 485,000 in 2024, and 500,000 in 2025. In contrast, Australia (with a population of 26 million) plans to offer 195,000 skilled and family visas under its migration programme for the years 2022–2023.
The chief executive of Century Initiative, a group of companies, academics, and charities that supports more aggressive immigration goals for Canada. Because of a staffing shortage, hospitals are closing their emergency rooms, as projected at the CEDA conference.
Mining, manufacturing, lodging, and food services are just a few of the many industries in the nation that are experiencing this intense strain. There are impending shortages of professionals in fields like STEM.
United States of America
The notoriously slow immigration process in America is being worked on. US President Joe Biden sent a bill to Congress on his first day in office in January 2021 to eliminate the cap that prevents immigrants from any one country from making up more than 7% of green cards issued each year, clear backlogs for employment-based visas, permit the reallocation of unused visas, shorten the often-lengthy wait times, and clear employment-based visa backlogs.
The bill, which has not yet been passed, also seeks to remove unnecessary obstacles for those seeking employment-based green cards and make it simpler for US university graduates with advanced STEM degrees to remain in the country. The Biden administration has removed limitations on the number of immigrant visas issued, even though laws have not yet been passed.
The UK government stated in August that some high-growth enterprises will have more freedom to attract the best talent from around the world through a new scale-up visa in addition to introducing a new UK-India Young Professionals Scheme. A scale-up visa will allow highly skilled individuals to stay in the UK for two years without needing additional sponsorship or authorization after the initial six months.
Businesses that qualify to sponsor visa applicants must have grown either in employment or revenue by 20% or more annually for at least three years, and they must have employed at least 10 people at the beginning of the three years. It follows a worldwide campaign that was started in 2016 to advertise the UK as a study destination for students from other countries, with multi-year work permits available after graduation.
The shortage of skilled employees is one of Australia’s major economic challenges, according to Immigration Minister Andrew Giles. He claimed that this fiscal year, the government has increased the number of permanent skilled and family visas available from 165,000 to 195,000.
Australia was ranked as one of the top destinations for skilled workers in studies done before the epidemic, if not the top destination. According to an OECD study on Indicators of Talent Attractiveness published in May 2019, the US is the most desirable location for skilled workers due to the “quality of opportunities,” favourable income and tax policies, top-notch amenities, and high quality of life. Due to their inclusive communities and promising futures, Australia and New Zealand came in second and third place, respectively.
Australia, Sweden, Switzerland, New Zealand, and Canada were the top five OECD nations for highly skilled workers when migration policies were taken into account.
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