BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering

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BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering

Are you aspiring to study a degree in Agriculture? A career in Agriculture is filled with promising opportunities in research and development as well as agribusiness, entrepreneurship, food technology, amongst others. While exploring undergraduate programs in Agriculture and its several specialisations, students are often confused between whether to pursue BSc Agriculture or BTech Agricultural Engineering which are the most sought-after courses in this field. So, we are here to clear all your doubts regarding these two programs. Read this blog to know about the difference between BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering and which is the better option for you.

Differences Between BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering

Course BSc Agriculture BTech Agricultural Engineering
Degree Bachelor of Science Bachelor of Technology
Duration 3 Years 4 Years 
Eligibility 10+2 in Science stream 10+2 in Science Stream (preferable PCM)
Entrance Exams For India:
ICAR AIEEA,
GSAT,
UPCATET,
OUAT,
MP PAT
For abroad: SAT/ACT
For India:
JEE Main,
BITSAT,
JEE Advanced,
SRMJEE,
GCET
For abroad: SAT/ACT
Admission Process Based on Merit/Entrance Exam;
SOP & LORs required by universities abroad
Based on Merit/Entrance Exam;
SOP & LORs required by universities abroad
Fees India: 2 Lakhs to 3 Lakhs
Abroad: 11 Lakhs INR to 39 Lakhs INR
India: 1 Lakh to 5 Lakhs
Abroad: 3.5 Lakhs INR to over 25 Lakhs INR
Colleges in India Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, 
Amity Institute of Organic Agriculture, 
SGT University
Sharda University
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology
Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences
GIET University
Universities Abroad University of Alberta 
McGill University
The University of Melbourne
Humboldt University
Montana State University 
Queen’s University Belfast 
Oklahoma State University
Virginia Polytechnic and State University 
Jobs Agriculture Specialist, Farming Counsellor, Agricultural Officer, Plantation Manager, Farm Manager Agricultural Engineer, Agricultural Crop Engineer, Agriculture and Food Researcher, Soil Scientist, Plant Scientist
Salary 3.5 Lakhs to 14 Lakhs p.a. 3 Lakhs to 7 Lakhs p.a.
Top Recruiters Government Research Institutes
State Agricultural Universities (SAUs)
Food Technology Companies
Rural Banks
Pharmaceutical Companies,
Government Research Institutes
Food Technology Companies
Agricultural Research Universities

Overview

The most prominent difference between these two is that BSc Agriculture is a degree program in the vast subject while BTech Agricultural Engineering is a specialised degree program in an interdisciplinary specialisation of Agriculture and Engineering. The course duration of BSc Agriculture is generally 3 years while BTech Agricultural Engineering is a 4-year degree program.

Studying a BSc degree in Agriculture, you will get to know about the fundamentals of agricultural science as well as various methods and techniques that are used in farming. On the other hand, BTech Agricultural Engineering focuses more on equipping students with the knowledge and skills of designing and developing agricultural technologies for various aspects such as farming, processing, manufacturing, food science and technology amongst other production-related technologies.

Syllabus and Subjects 

The major subjects and course offerings are also a key point of difference between BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering. While BSc Agriculture will holistically cover all the aspects of this field of study, from agricultural science to technologies as well as business and management aspects, BTech Agricultural Engineering will be more focused on exploring the technical aspects of Agricultural technologies, their design and development and how they can enhance the different aspects of farming, crop production, food processing and manufacturing, livestock, amongst others. Here is a list of major subjects you will get to study in BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering:

Due to the different orientation of courses, you will be studying a variety of different subjects. Yet there will be some core subject which will be common to both the courses. As Agricultural engineering will brush your skills to perform technical roles in the industry, BSc in Agriculture will strengthen your command over the detailed knowledge of the field. Tabulated below are the major subjects of both the courses which will help you have a better understanding of these programs- 

BSc Agriculture Subjects BTech Agricultural Engineering Subjects
Livestock and Poultry Management Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Introduction to Soil and Water Conservation Soil and Water Conservation Engineering
Farm Machinery and Power Farm Machinery
Livestock and Poultry Management Land Surveying and Levelling
Principles of Food Science and Nutrition Dairy and Food Engineering
Principles of Organic Farming Food Processing and Quality
Importance of Manures Fertilizers and Soil Fertility Farm Power
Principles of Agribusiness Agricultural Business and Marketing
Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture Soil Mechanics
Fundamentals of Horticulture, Microbiology, Agriculture, Plant Pathology, Life Sciences Water Resource Management
Advantages of Organic Production  Agricultural Machinery

Eligibility Criteria 

The eligibility requirements for BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering also vary in terms of the entrance exams you need to qualify for admission into any of these programs. Let’s take a look at the eligibility criteria for these two courses:

BSc Agriculture BTech Agricultural Engineering
Must have completed 10+2 in science stream (PCM or PCB) Must have passed 10+2 in science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM)
For universities/colleges in India:
-ICAR AIEEA
-GSAT
-OUAT
For universities/colleges in India:
-JEE Main
-GCET
SRMJEEE
-BITSAT etc.
For Universities abroad, 
SAT or ACT exam scores
-English language proficiency scores of IELTS, TOEFL, etc.  along with LOR and SOP
For Universities abroad, 
SAT or ACT exam scores
-English language proficiency scores of IELTS, TOEFL, etc.  along with LOR and SOP

Jobs after BSc Agriculture vs BSc Agricultural Engineering 

Considering the career scope of BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering is also essential to find the right one as per your requirements and interests. Here are some of the top career opportunities you can explore in these two courses:

BSc Agriculture  BTech Agricultural Engineering
Farming Counsellor Agricultural Engineer
Agriculture Development Officer  Agronomist 
Agricultural Specialist Agriculture Crop Engineer
Research Assistant  Survey Research Agricultural Engineer
Agriculture Specialist Environmental Controls Engineer
Farm Manager Agriculture Specialist
Agricultural Research Scientist Food Technologist

Scope

Here are the major postgraduate programs you can pursue after any of these programs:

Government Jobs after BSc Agriculture vs BSc Agricultural Engineering

There are numerous opportunities available for BSc Agriculture and BSc Agricultural Engineering graduates in the government sector. Here are the top government exams you can apply for after these programs:

  • UPSC-IFSC (Indian Forest Services) Exam
  • IBPS SO Exam
  • State Forest Exam
  • UGC-NET Exam
  • NABARD Grade A Exam

Apart from these, here are the best research institutes in India and research centers which hire Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering students:

  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
  • State Farm Corporation of India
  • National Dairy Development Board
  • NABARD and other banks
  • Agricultural Finance Corporations
  • Food Corporation of India (FCI)
  • National Seeds Corporation Limited
  • North Eastern Region Agricultural Marketing Corporation

FAQs

Which is better agriculture or engineering?

Both Agriculture and Engineering are popular fields in the digital era and offer immense scope for students to choose from an array of specialisations. If you opt for Agriculture, you can explore subjects like Agribusiness, Agricultural Sciences, Agronomy, etc. while if you study Engineering, you can choose from Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Engineering Management, amongst others.

What is the difference between agriculture and agricultural engineering?

Agriculture is a broader field of study and includes Agronomy, Soil Sciences, Farming, Agricultural Sciences, Research, Food Sciences, Agricultural Technology amongst others. Agricultural Engineering is more tech-oriented and focuses on Irrigation Engineering, Power Engineering, Farm Machinery, Food Technology and Sciences, to name a few.

What is salary of BSc agriculture?

After completing BSc Agriculture, the average salary ranges somewhere between 3 Lakhs to 14 Lakhs per annum.

Thus, we hope that this blog has familiarized with crucial differences between BSc Agriculture vs BTech Agricultural Engineering. Unsure about finding the right university to pursue a degree in Agriculture? Our Leverage Edu experts are here to guide you in selecting a suitable university as per your interests and preferences! Sign up for a free session with us today!

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2 comments
  1. Sir, lam 12th student. I confuse b. sc. agriculture or b. tech. agriculture. So i can help to me…

    1. Hi, Hrishikesh!
      Studying a BSc degree in Agriculture, you will get to know about the fundamentals of agricultural science as well as various methods and techniques that are used in farming. On the other hand, BTech Agricultural Engineering focuses more on equipping students with the knowledge and skills of designing and developing agricultural technologies for various aspects such as farming, processing, manufacturing, food science and technology amongst other production-related technologies.
      You can also reach us at 1800 57 2000 for expert guidance.

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