Essay on Save Tiger in English for Students

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Essay on save tiger

Essay on Save Tiger: The tiger, symbolic of strength and wilderness, faces imminent extinction. With their numbers and habitats rapidly declining, urgent measures are essential to protect these magnificent creatures. Notably, a 2023 survey reveals that India is home to 3,682 tigers, constituting nearly 75% of the global wild tiger population. Immediate conservation efforts are critical.

Essay on Save Tiger in 500 Words

Since time immemorial, tigers have symbolized strength, grace, and resilience, reigning as the monarch of the forests. Yet, its kingdom is besieged by threats that imperil its very existence. In 1973, the Ministry of Environment and Forest recognized the pressing need for concerted conservation efforts to save the tiger from the brink of extinction. This essay explores the challenges facing tiger conservation and the imperative to protect these majestic creatures.

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Historical Context (1973 – Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change)

In 1973, the Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change of the Government of India took a pivotal step by enacting legislation to protect endangered species, including tigers. This led to the creation of Project Tiger, a significant milestone in conservation history. The project aimed to protect tiger habitats, curb poaching, and ensure the species’ survival. By establishing protected areas and implementing anti-poaching measures, Project Tiger signalled India’s commitment to preserving biodiversity. This initiative highlighted the intrinsic value of charismatic megafauna like tigers, underscoring the need to maintain ecological balance and protect natural heritage for future generations.

Habitat Loss

The relentless march of human development has encroached upon tiger habitats, fragmenting forests and diminishing available territory. Deforestation, driven by logging, agriculture, and infrastructure projects, disrupts vital ecosystems, depriving tigers of suitable living spaces and prey populations. Addressing habitat loss requires a multi-faceted approach, including habitat restoration, land-use planning, and sustainable development practices.

Poaching and Illegal Trade

Despite legal protections, tigers remain coveted targets for poachers seeking to profit from their pelts, bones, and organs. The illegal trade in tiger parts persists due to demand from traditional medicine markets and illicit collectors. Efforts to combat poaching must involve robust law enforcement, international cooperation, and community engagement to disrupt criminal networks and reduce consumer demand for tiger products.

Did You Know? The difference between White and Black tigers is a colour form and not a separate subspecies.

Human-Wildlife Conflict

As human populations expand into tiger territories, conflicts inevitably arise, posing threats to both humans and tigers. Livestock depredation and attacks on humans exacerbate tensions, leading to retaliatory killings and further endangering tiger populations. Mitigating human-wildlife conflict requires proactive measures such as community-based conservation initiatives, habitat corridors, and innovative deterrent methods to promote coexistence.

Conservation Strategies

  • Protected Areas: National parks and wildlife reserves act as sanctuaries, offering secure habitats and fostering genetic diversity among tiger populations.
  • Anti-Poaching Patrols: Regular patrols deter poachers and protect tigers from illegal hunting.
  • Community-Based Conservation Projects: Local communities are engaged in conservation efforts, ensuring sustainable coexistence with tigers and reducing human-wildlife conflict. 
  • Eco-Tourism Initiatives: Eco-tourism provides economic incentives for conservation, raising awareness and funding for tiger protection programs.

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The plight of the tiger epitomises the broader struggle to balance human needs with the imperative to protect biodiversity. Saving the tiger requires collective action, political will, and sustained commitment from governments, conservation organisations, and local communities. By addressing habitat loss, combating poaching, mitigating human-wildlife conflict, and implementing effective conservation strategies, we can ensure the tiger’s survival for generations to come. Let us heed the call to action and uphold our responsibility as stewards of the earth, preserving the legacy of the tiger and safeguarding the biodiversity of our planet.

List of Tiger Reserves in India

S.NO.State (No. of TRs)Tiger Reserve (TR)YearCoreBufferTotal
1.West Bengal Sunderbans20071700(4)8852585
2.UttarakhandJim Corbett20108224661288
3.Uttar PradeshRanipur WLS-TR2022230299529(-3)
4.TelanganaAmrabad tr20152166(2)4452611
5.Tamil NaduSrivilliputhur Megamalai TR20216423751017
6.MaharashtraMelghat TR20071500(5)12682769(4)
7.KeralaPeriyar TR200788144(-1)925
8.ChhattisgarhIndravati TR200912581541(3)2799(3)
10.BiharValmiki TR2012598301899
Source: Essay and Speech

Fun Facts About Gloden Tiger

  1. Rare and Regal: Golden tigers, also called golden tabby tigers, are incredibly rare. There are estimated to be fewer than 30 in captivity worldwide, and sightings in the wild are even rarer.
  2. Not Golden: Their name might be a bit misleading! Golden tigers are a pale blonde or straw colour, with reddish-brown stripes instead of the usual black.
  3. Genetic Mystery: The secret to their unique look is a recessive gene called “wideband” that affects how black pigment is produced in their fur.
  4. Larger Matters: Golden tiger tends to be larger than orange-coloured Bengal tiger relatives. They also have softer fur, thanks to the way the wideband gene interacts with their hair.
  5. Captive curiosity: While a few have been spotted in the wild, all golden tigers in captivity can be traced back to a single white tiger named Bhim.


Q.1. How to save tiger essay?

Ans: We all have a responsibility to save tigers because they are an essential part of our ecosystem. They eat animals that would be detrimental to our environment and help maintain ecological balance.

Q.2. What are some strategies to save tigers?

Ans: Here are some key strategies implemented by the government to preserve the tiger populations:
Protect tigers and their habitat.
Build capacity in range states.
Reduce human-tiger conflict.
Conduct scientific research on tigers to help inform conservation strategies.
Promote tiger-friendly policies.

Q.3. Why are tigers important to India?

Ans: Tigers occupy an important place in Indian culture. For ages, it has been a symbol of magnificence, power, beauty, and fierceness and has been associated with bravery and valour.

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