Essay on our national language: Did you know that there is no national language in India? Hindi is one of the official languages of India and not the national language. Article 343 of the Indian Constitution states that the official language of the Union of India shall be Hindi written in Devanagari script.
Our language is our identity. The place where we come from, the people connected to us, our customs and traditions, etc. Through our language, we can express our thoughts and ideas, indulge in social interactions, build relationships, learn and acquire knowledge, and other developmental activities.
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There are 22 officially recognized languages in India, popular ones being Hindi, English, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Malayalam, Kannada, etc. However, these are just officially recognized languages. The reports of the People’s Linguistic Survey of India have a completely different story. It says, that in India, around 780 languages are spoken by hundreds of communities. Below we have discussed some sample essay on our national language for school students.
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Essay on Our National Language in 100 Words
‘Our language is our cultural identity and is a symbol of unity. Our language helps us understand our heritage and historical background. In India, there are 22 officially recognized languages spoken in different parts of the country. Hindi is the most spoken language in India, with a total of 528 million speakers.’
‘Every culture in India has its language, through which they share their ideas and thoughts, connect and build relationships, and work together. For a very long time, there have been debates about making Hindi the national language of India. But there is a large section of people who don’t know Hindi and we must respect their cultural identities also. There it is not necessary to have Hindi as the official language, for it is still one of the official languages.’
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Essay on Our National Language in 200 Words
‘There is no national language in India. Although the Indian Constitution states that Hindi is the official language of the Union of India, written in Devanagari script. A lot of people do not understand the difference between the official and national languages. Hindi is one of the official languages, along with English. It means Hindi can be used for all government business, such as the national court, parliament, or business purposes.’
‘National language means all the official work will be done in that language only. It includes political, cultural, and social functions of the state and central government. The national language criteria do not apply to India, given its fast cultural diversity.
During the pre-independence period, extremist leaders like Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya wanted Hindi to be the national language of India. Even during the formation of the Indian Constitution, there were debates in the Constituent Assembly to make Hindi the national language of India.’
‘However, this was not possible because a large section of the Indian population were non-Hindi speakers. So the lawmakers decided to make Hindi the official language of India under Article 343. The answer to ‘What is the national language of India?’ is that there is no national language in India. India has official languages, Hindi and English.’
Also Read: Speech on Republic Day for Class 12th
Essay on Our National Language in 300 Words
‘The idea to make Hindi the official language of India was given by Dayanand Saraswati or Mulshankar for the first time in the 19th century. This idea gained momentum during the national struggle, when the Hindi newspaper, magazine, and political parties raised the banner to declare Hindi as the national language of India.’
‘During the formation of the Indian Constitution, there was a debate to make Hindi the national language of India. This idea was opposed by leaders like EV Ramaswamy, Periyar, and other non-Hindi speakers. After long debates and strong opposition, it was concluded that Hindi in Devanagari script would be the official language of the union. This was mentioned in Article 343 of the Indian Constitution.’
Today, more than 525 million people in India speak Hindi, making it the fourth most spoken language in the world. Just because Hindi is the most spoken language in India does not mean to declare it the national language.
In our Constitution, 22 languages have been officially recognized. To record the number of language speakers in each part of the country, the Department of Official Language was set up in 1975 as an independent department of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
A lot of people are determined to make Hindi the national language of India. Even parents, teachers, and educational institutions force children to learn English, as it is the most spoken language in the world. This idea of inflicting another language on children or people of other countries can damage their own cultural identity.
Learning languages is an art and it should be an option, not a choice. If we declare Hindi as the national language of India, it will surely benefit 44% Indian population, but what about the remaining 56% Indian population? Every cultural and linguistic tradition in India deserves equal recognition. So we must promote and respect all the languages equally.’
Ans: ‘There is no national language in India. Although the Indian Constitution states that Hindi is the official language of the Union of India, written in Devanagari script. A lot of people do not understand the difference between the official and national languages. Hindi is one of the official languages, along with English. It means Hindi can be used for all government business, such as the national court, parliament, or business purposes.’
Ans: There are a total of 22 officially recognized languages in India. The most popular ones are Hindi, English, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, etc.
Ans: English is the most widely spoken language in the world, with a total of 1.35 billion speakers.