# Face Value in Maths vs Face Value in Shares: Definition, Comparison, Importance, and Examples

Understanding the concept of “face value” is important in both mathematics and share(finance). In mathematics, face value refers to the actual value of a digit as it appears in a number, while in finance, particularly in the context of shares, face value represents the nominal value of a security as stated by the issuing entity. These concepts, though seemingly different, play important roles in various calculations and assessments, whether in basic arithmetic or in stock market analysis. A clear knowledge of face value is important, especially for competitive exams like banking, finance, and accounting tests, where questions on these topics are frequently asked. This article covers the definitions, comparisons, importance, and examples of face value in both mathematics and shares, providing a comprehensive understanding of these terms.

## What is Face Value in Maths?

In mathematics, the face value of a digit in a number is the value the digit represents, regardless of its position in the number. It is simply the numerical value of the digit as it appears. For example, in the number 4567, the face value of 5 is 5, the face value of 6 is 6, and so on. Unlike place value, which depends on the digit’s position within the number, face value remains constant.

Important Terms:

1. Digit: A single numerical symbol (0-9) used to represent numbers.
2. Number: A mathematical object used to count, label, and measure.
3. Place Value: The value of a digit based on its position in a number. For example, in 4567, the place value of 5 is 500 because it is in the hundreds place.
4. Face Value: The actual value of a digit in a number, irrespective of its position.

## What is the Face Value of Share?

In finance, the face value of a share, also known as its nominal or par value, is the original cost of the share as stated on the certificate when it is issued by the company. It represents the minimum price at which shares can be issued and is typically determined at the time of incorporation. The face value of a share is important for accounting and legal purposes, but it does not usually reflect the market value, which is determined by supply and demand in the stock market.

Important Terms:

1. Share: A unit of ownership in a company, representing a claim on part of the company’s assets and earnings.
2. Face Value (Nominal/Par Value): The original value of the share as stated by the issuing company. It is usually a fixed amount like ₹10 or \$1 per share.
3. Market Value: The current price at which the share is trading in the stock market, which can be higher or lower than the face value.
4. Share Capital: The total value of the shares issued by a company, calculated by multiplying the face value by the number of shares issued.
5. Premium: The amount by which the market value of a share exceeds its face value. For example, if a share with a face value of ₹10 is trading at ₹50, the premium is ₹40.

## Comparison Between Face Value in Maths and Face Value of Share

Here’s a comparison between the face value in mathematics and the face value of a share presented below:

## Importance of Face Value in Maths and Face Value of Share

Here are the importance of Face Value in Mathematics and Face Value of Share that are mention below.

Importance of Face Value in Mathematics:

1. Fundamental Concept in Arithmetic: Face value is a basic concept in mathematics that helps in understanding and performing arithmetic operations. It forms the foundation for learning about place value, which is crucial for performing addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
2. Number System Understanding: Grasping the concept of face value aids in understanding how numbers are structured and represented, which is essential for more complex mathematical concepts.
3. Simplifies Calculation: By knowing the face value of digits, students can easily break down numbers and simplify calculations, especially when dealing with large numbers.
4. Educational Foundation: Understanding face value is essential for early mathematical education, providing a stepping stone to more advanced topics like algebra, number theory, and beyond.

Importance of Face Value of a Share:

1. Accounting Purposes: The face value of a share is used to calculate the total share capital of a company. It is a key figure in the company’s balance sheet, representing the equity portion of the business.
2. Legal Compliance: Face value plays a role in determining the legal minimum price at which shares can be issued. It is crucial to ensure that a company complies with corporate laws and regulations.
3. Dividend Calculation: Dividends are often declared as a percentage of the face value of shares. Understanding face value helps investors know what to expect in terms of dividend payouts.
4. Stock Splits and Bonuses: In the case of stock splits or bonus issues, the face value is adjusted to reflect the new number of shares. This impacts the way shares are traded and valued in the market.
5. Investor Confidence: A clear understanding of the face value helps investors assess the financial health and stability of a company, which can influence their investment decisions.

Also Read: All Perfect Cube Numbers

## Examples of Face Value in Maths and Face Value of Share

Here are the examples of Face Value in Maths and Face Value of Share.

Examples of Face Value in Mathematics

1. Single-Digit Number:
• Number: 7
• Face Value: The face value of the digit 7 is 7 itself.
2. Multi-Digit Number:
• Number: 4829
• Face Values:
• The face value of 4 is 4.
• The face value of 8 is 8.
• The face value of 2 is 2.
• The face value of 9 is 9.
3. Zero in a Number:
• Number: 3056
• Face Values:
• The face value of 3 is 3.
• The face value of 0 is 0.
• The face value of 5 is 5.
• The face value of 6 is 6.
4. Decimal Number:
• Number: 56.34
• Face Values:
• The face value of 5 is 5.
• The face value of 6 is 6.
• The face value of 3 is 3.
• The face value of 4 is 4.

Examples of Face Value of a Share

1. Ordinary Share:
• A company issues shares with a face value of ₹10 each. If an investor buys 100 shares, the nominal value of their investment is ₹1,000 (100 shares × ₹10 face value).
2. Share Trading Above Face Value:
• A company issues shares with a face value of \$1 each. If these shares are currently trading at \$15 in the stock market, the face value remains \$1, while the market value is \$15.
3. Stock Split Example:
• A company has shares with a face value of ₹100 each. The company announces a 2-for-1 stock split, reducing the face value to ₹50 per share. If an investor originally held 10 shares, they would now hold 20 shares with a new face value of ₹50 each.
4. Dividend Calculation Example:
• A company declares a 10% dividend on its shares, which have a face value of ₹10 each. An investor holding 200 shares would receive a dividend of ₹200 (200 shares × ₹10 face value × 10%).

## FAQs

What is the face value of shares?

The face value of a share is the nominal value assigned to it by the company when it is issued. It’s like the initial price printed on the share certificate.

What is face value of share 1 to 2?

A 1:2 stock split means that for every one existing share, the shareholder will receive two new shares. The face value of each share will be reduced by half in this process, while the total value of the shareholder’s investment remains the same.

What is face value and face value in maths?

Face value in mathematics is the actual value of a digit itself, regardless of its position in a number. For example, the face value of 5 in 357 is 5.

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