# What is the Full Form of CGS?

The full form of CGS is Centimeter Gram Second system. The centimeter is used to measure distance, the gram is used to measure mass, and the second is used to measure time in the CGS system of units, a version of the metric system. They are small units for measuring brief distances. These three foundation units serve as the basis for all CGS units. The CGS idea, however, was expanded in a number of ways to incorporate electromagnetism.

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When mechanical units, such as mass, energy, pressure, or force, are required, measuring systems might employ CGS units or SI units. By converting units from one system to another, the units may be computed. In CGS or Gaussian systems, the unit of force dyne, for instance, is 1 g cm/s2. Additionally, you may change dyne into SI units. The SI unit of force is Newton, which is defined as 1 kg m/s2 and 100 cm = 1 m, respectively. Consequently, it is simple to translate 1 Newton into 100000 dynes in a CGS unit.

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## The Invention of the CGS System

German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss developed the CGS system in 1832 to create a system of absolute units based on the three primary units of length, mass, and time.

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