SSA is formally known as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. It is a centrepiece initiative for the Government of India’s Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) plan. Additionally, the 86th Amendment to the Indian Constitution mandates it as one of the fundamental rights.
According to the SSA, the state must provide children aged 6 to 14 with free and required education. People are entitled to a foundational education. Basic education helps to raise the human condition, particularly in terms of infant mortality and life expectancy, which considerably boosts the economy of the nation. It results in the development of human capital, which could raise our nation’s production potential.
The SSA Programme was established in 2000–2001 and is administered by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India (GoI).
|SSA Full Form||Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan|
|Government Ministry||Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD)|
|Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Year of Launch||2001|
The following list contains some key SSA information:
- SSA is referred to as a movement for “Education for All.”
- Former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the creator of the SSA project.
- This programme is being carried out by the Central Government in collaboration with the State Governments.
- The New Education Policy 2020 seeks to reintegrate roughly two crore out-of-school kids.
- The SSA’s original deadline for achieving its goals was 2010, although it has since been extended.
- The Indian Constitution’s 86th Amendment Act gave the SSA legal support when it mandated free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14.
- Aiming to serve 1.1 million households with 193 million children, SSA strives to build educational infrastructure.
- An estimated 6.2 crore school-age children (those between the ages of 6 and 18) were not enrolled in school in 2015, according to the National Education Policy of 2019.
- A component of the SSA is Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat.
- To track the SSA initiative, the government has developed a portal with the name “Shagun.” It was created by the World Bank and the Ministry of Human Resources Development.
District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) and SSA
In order to revitalise the primary school system, the District Primary School Programme was introduced in 1994. It was the first programme to make elementary education available to everyone. DPEP used a district as the planning unit and took an area-specific approach.
The following are some crucial DPEP points:
- The Central Government contributed 85% of the project’s costs, and the relevant State Government contributed 15%.
- This initiative included 18 states.
- International organisations like the World Bank, UNICEF, and others provided outside assistance to the Central Government.
This was all about the SSA Full form. Visit the General Knowledge page to discover more intriguing articles about full forms. Get in touch with the experts at Leverage Edu in order to kickstart your study abroad journey!