What was Khilafat Movement?

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Khilafat Movement was started in the year 1919. Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali started the Khilafat Movement and the aim was to unite the entire Muslim community together for this national movement. The aim of the Khilafat movement was to put pressure on the British Government to change its attitude to Turkey

At the beginning of 1919, the All Indian Khilafat Committee was formed under the leadership of Muhammad Ali, Shaukat Ali, Ajmal Khan, Hasrat Mohani and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. In the same year, Khilafat Conference was held in Delhi to boycott British goods.

Quick Facts About Khilafat Movement

  • Khilafat Aandolan or Khilafat Movement in India was started in 1919 and ended in 1924.
  • Mahatma Gandhi became part of Khilafat Andolan in 1920. He was one of the great personalities of this movement 
  • Khilafat Movement (1919-1924) and the Non-cooperation Movement (1920-22) are important movements after the first world war.
  • In the 1920 Calcutta Session of Congress, the non-cooperation movement was started to support the Khilafat movement.
Source: Gyanipandit.com

Also Read: Where did the Chipko Movement First Started in India?

Why was Khilafat Movement Started?

There are two major reasons behind the Khilafat Movement. We have mentioned the causes below.

  1. Harsh treaty with the sultan of Turkey (Khilafat) by the British Government.
  2. The Khalifa should have sufficient territories to rule as Khalifa was only allowed to rule over the sacred places of the Muslim community.

Must Read: Who was the First Governor General of India?

Source: Gyanipandit.com

Result of Khilafat Movement

From 1919 to 1922, the Hindu and Muslim community were united. Muslim leaders and Congress leaders were supporting each other for Khilafat Movement and Non-cooperation. People took part in these mass movements and adopted peaceful means of protest.


What is Khilafat Movement in India?

Khilafat Movement or Khilafat Andolan was an Islamic protest in India against the British Government. Later, congress leaders joined this protest including Mahatma Gandhi.

What was the reason behind Khilafat Movement?

The bad behaviour of the British government towards the Sultan of Turkey (Khilafat) was the major reason behind Khilafat Movement.

We hope that you have collected information related to Khilafat Andolan Kab Hua and its history. If you want to binge on more facts like this, you can turn to our general knowledge page. Alternatively, you can also check out our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams here! Keep learning!

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