The full form of IPEC is International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour. In 1991 this global program was launched by International Labour Organisation. In 1992 India became the first country to join this program by signing an MOU with ILO. The long-term goal of IPEC is to eradicate child labour. The immediate goals of IPEC are:
- It aims at creating awareness and social mobilisation in order to ensure the elimination of child labour.
- To find interventions at the national and community level which could serve as models which can be replicated.
- Increase the capability of NGOs and ILO constituents to design, implement and analyse programmes for child labour.
Target Group Priorities Under IPEC
Although the main aim of IPEC is to abolish and prevent any type of child labour, the priority is to take urgent action on the worst forms of child labour which are described in the ILO Convention on the worst forms of Labour 1999 as:
- Debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict
- Sale and trafficking of Children
- All forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery
- The use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties
- Work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.
- The use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances.