Emperor Akbar: History, Life, Achievements

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Emperor Akbar was the third Mughal emperor of India and one of the most successful and beloved rulers in the country’s history. He reigned from 1556 to 1605, and during his time in power, he expanded the Mughal empire to its greatest extent, unified the country’s diverse religious and cultural traditions, and promoted religious tolerance. In this blog, we will delve into the life journey of the Mughal Emperor.

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The Early Life of Akbar

Akbar was born in 1542 in Umerkot, Sindh, now Pakistan. His father, Humayun, was the second Mughal emperor, but he was forced to flee India after being defeated by the Afghans. Akbar spent his early years in exile, but he was educated in the Islamic tradition and developed a keen interest in religion and philosophy.

In 1556, Akbar ascended to the throne at the age of 13. He was an ambitious ruler, and he quickly set about consolidating his power and expanding the empire. He defeated the Afghans and reconquered much of northern India. He also launched campaigns in the south, east, and west, and by the end of his reign, the Mughal empire stretched from the Hindu Kush mountains to the Bay of Bengal.

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Akbar’s Legacy

Akbar the Great was a multifaceted ruler. He was a brilliant military strategist, a tolerant and enlightened ruler, and a great patron of the arts and sciences.  His court was a hub of creativity, attracting poets, artists, and scholars from across the globe. The illustrious “Nine Jewels” of his court, including figures like Birbal and Tansen, contributed to a cultural renaissance in the Mughal Empire.He founded the city of Fatehpur Sikri, which was a center of learning and culture. He also established a library that contained thousands of books, and he commissioned scholars to translate works from other languages into Persian.

He also abolished the jizya, a tax that was imposed on non-Muslims, and he appointed Hindus and Muslims to high positions in his government. He also encouraged interfaith dialogue and debate, and he created a new religious movement called Din-i-Ilahi, which was based on the principles of all major religions. Akbar’s message of religious harmony remains relevant today.

In addition to his political and religious achievements, Akbar was also a skilled diplomat and administrator.  He introduced a centralized administrative structure and a uniform system of revenue collection. He also built a strong military that helped to protect the empire from its enemies. His victories in battles like the Second Battle of Panipat and the Siege of Ranthambore are legendary. However, he was also a ruthless conqueror who was responsible for the deaths of many people.

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Despite his flaws, Akbar is still considered one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. His achievements in the areas of politics, religion, and culture have had a lasting impact on the country. His reign was a golden age for the Mughal empire. He brought peace and prosperity to the country, and he promoted a culture of tolerance and understanding. He is a reminder that even the most powerful leaders can be flawed, but that they can also be agents of positive change.



#1. When was Akbar born?

#2. Emperor Akbar ascended the throne at the age of?

#3. The Mughal Emperor Akbar was the son of?


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