Noun, Verb, Adjective, & Adverb [Check 4 Parts of Speech]

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Noun, verb, adjective & adverb in the English language, Sentences comprise different parts of speech which are very important for learners to understand. Namely, there are eight parts of speech, these include – pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection, noun, verb, adjective, & adverb. Each part of the speech shows how the word functions as well as if they are grammatically fit or not. Speaking of which, we have compiled a blog where you will read about four of the eight main parts of speech which are nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Continue reading this blog!

Noun, Verb, Adjective, & Adverb – Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech are like basic building blocks in English grammar. They help people to communicate with one another effectively and clearly. They include words that have similar grammatical properties. As mentioned above, they are of eight types which are used in day-to-day sentences and conversations. 

Here we have talked about only four parts of speech which will give you a basic understanding. Read on. 

Check Out: Types of Sentences in English with Examples and Exercises

What is Noun?

A noun is a word that refers to a person, thing, place or idea. It is often used with an article (the, a, an), but not always. They are the most common parts of speech and used in almost every sentence. Some of the most common examples of nouns include teacher, city, book, dog, love and many more. 

Here are some important rules about nouns that you should keep in mind.

  • Nouns always start with a capital letter, while common nouns don’t. 
  • Nouns can be both – singular and plural, abstract and concrete.
  • When nouns show possession, they often end with ‘s’.


People: Rahul, Peter, Andrew, George

Ideas: Invention, Evolution, Destruction

Objects/Things: Cycle, Curtains, Paper, Bag, Bedsheet, Cupboard

Animals: Lion, Deer, Zebra, Snake, Parrot, Dog, Cat

Also Read: 

Nouns: Examples, Definition & Types Common Nouns

What is a Verb?

A verb is used in sentences to describe an action or state of being. They are necessary for creating sentences as they express what the subject in the sentence is doing or is happening to the subject. Verbs often take different forms to express tense. Some examples include: writing, eating, sleeping, thinking, running, walking etc.


Maria is currently sleeping with her mother. 

Peter ate the last piece of the cake. 

Susan is dancing.

Also Read: What are Nouns? Check Definition, Types & Examples

All about Regular and Irregular VerbsVerb Preposition with Meaning

What is Adjective?

An adjective is a word which is used to describe or modify a noun or a pronoun. They answer questions about the sentence’s subject such as colour, shape or size. Some examples of adjectives include round, beautiful, happy, sad, red, big, small etc.

Did you know? Articles (a, an, the) are usually classified as adjectives.


They are living in a beautiful house.

She is wearing a beautiful dress.

Se writes meaningless letters.

Rahul is an adorable guy.

Check Out: 

What are Proper Adjectives and How to Use Them?All Types of Adjective Worksheet

What is Adverb?

Adverb is utilised to change adjectives, verbs or an adverb. Moreover, they are used to provide more information about how an action is done or how a quality or characteristic is expressed. Some common examples include: very, well, happily, slowly, quickly etc. It is often formed by adding -ly to the adjective.


She swims well.

She spoke softly.

He plays the flute beautifully.

He ate the blueberry cake greedily.

Also Read: Types of Adverbs: Use, Examples & Exercises

Common List of Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives & Adverbs

The below list shows some commonly used noun, verb, adjective, & adverb. With the help of these words, you will be able to incorporate them when constructing sentences. Check out.

Noun Verb Adjective Adverb

Exercise on Noun, Verb, Adjective, & Adverb

Instructions: Recognize the Noun, Verb, Adjective, and Adverb in the following sentence.

  1. The happy kids played joyfully in the park.
  2. The tall chef sliced the fresh vegetables fast.
  3. The dog barked loudly at the mail carrier.
  4. They built a sandcastle on the sunny beach.
  5. Amit read an interesting novel silently.


  1. happy (adjective), played (verb), joyfully (adverb), park (noun).
  2. tall (adjective), sliced (verb), fresh (adjective), quickly (adverb).
  3. dog (noun), barked (verb), loudly (adverb), mail carrier (noun).
  4. sandcastle (noun), sunny (adjective).
  5. read (verb), interesting, (adjective), silently (adverb).

Check Related Posts!

Interrogative Adverb Meaning, ExamplesWhat are Article Adjectives? Meaning and Examples
51+ Personality Adjectives to Describe a PersonExploring Adjective Phrases
What is Numerical Adjective and its TypesWhat are Demonstrative Adjectives?


What are the four types of nouns?

The four types of nouns are- Abstract Nouns, Collective Nouns, Common Nouns and Proper Nouns. 

What are 10 examples of adjectives?

The 10 types of adjectives are – ashamed, funny, angry, beautiful, awful, cruel, clever, aggressive, tasty and jealous.

What is an adjective in English grammar?

The adjective is a part of speech that’s used to describe or give more information about a noun or a pronoun that acts as a subject in a sentence. 

To advance your grammar knowledge and read more informative blogs, check out our Learn English page and don’t forget to follow Leverage Edu.

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