What is the Full Form of OPEC?

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OPEC full form

The full form of OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. It was established at the Baghdad Conference in September 1960 by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. It is a permanent intergovernmental organisation. There are now 13 members in the organization.

OPEC Countries – Latest Updates 2023

OPEC+ has agreed not to boost production in April to wait for a more significant rebound in demand in the aftermath of the COVID-19 epidemic. Crude prices increased following the announcement, and are up 33% this year.

Founding Members of OPEC

  1. Qatar (1961)
  2. Indonesia (1962)
  3. Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1962)
  4. United Arab Emirates (1967)
  5. Algeria (1969)
  6. Nigeria (1971)
  7. Ecuador (1973–1992)
  8. Gabon (1975–1994)

OPEC Countries Objectives

The main objectives are given below:

  • To ensure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers, member countries should coordinate and unify their petroleum policies
  • ensuring a reliable, cost-effective, and efficient supply of petroleum to countries that need it, as well as a sufficient return on investment

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Q1. Is India a member of OPEC?

A. As of 2019, OPEC has a total of 14 Member Countries viz. Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates(UAE), Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Congo, Angola, Ecuador and Venezuela are members of OPEC.

Q2. Who is the headquarter of OPEC?

A. The OPEC Secretariat is the executive organ of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Located in Vienna, it also functions as the Headquarters of the Organization, in accordance with the provisions of the OPEC Statute.

Q3. Who is controlling OPEC?

A. Saudi Arabia. It controls about one third of OPEC’s total oil reserves, plays a leading role in the organization.

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