Types of Artificial Intelligence

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The process of creating intelligent machines out of massive amounts of data is known as artificial intelligence. Systems execute human-like tasks by learning from their prior knowledge and experiences. It improves the efficiency, effectiveness, and speed of human endeavours. To create machines that can make judgements on their own, AI uses sophisticated algorithms and techniques. Artificial intelligence is built on the foundation of machine learning and deep learning. There are various types of AI based on capabilities and functionality.

Almost all corporate sectors are now utilising AI:

  • Healthcare
  • E-Commerce
  • Retail
  • Transportation
  • Entertainment
  • Banking

Types of Artificial Intelligence: Based on Capabilities

Based on capabilities, there are three different forms of artificial intelligence: 

  • Narrow AI
  • General AI
  • Super AI

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Narrow AI

This kind of AI technology is created to execute very particular orders or activities. ANI technologies are created to support and excel in a single cognitive function and cannot learn new skills on their own. To finish these specific tasks, they frequently use neural network methods and machine learning.

For instance, artificial intelligence that processes natural language is a form of narrow intelligence because it is limited to just understanding and responding to voice commands. 

Self-driving cars, Siri-like virtual assistants, and image recognition software are some instances of artificial limited intelligence.

General AI

This AI is characterised as an artificial intelligence (AI) that can learn, understand, and carry out a variety of tasks in a manner that is comparable to that of humans. The creation of computers that can carry out several activities and serve as realistic, intelligent personal assistants for people in daily life is the aim of artificial general intelligence research. 

Although still under development, supercomputers, quantum technology, and generative AI models like ChatGPT could be used to provide the foundation for artificial general intelligence.  

Super AI

Science fiction is the substance of artificial superintelligence (ASI), also known as super AI. It is predicted that once AI reaches the general intelligence level, it would quickly learn at a rate so quickly that its skills will surpass those of even humans. 

ASI would serve as the foundational technology for fully autonomous AI and other humanoid robots. The prevalent cultural trope of “AI takeovers,” as shown in films like Ex Machina or I, Robot, is also fueled by this idea. But as of right now, nothing is certain.

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