Data Privacy: Meaning, Importance, Laws

3 minute read
Data Privacy

The area of data management known as data privacy deals with managing personal data in accordance with rules, legislation, and general security best practices. Assuring data privacy includes setting up access controls to prevent unauthorised access, asking those who have information for their consent when necessary, and maintaining data integrity.

Data security should be a top priority for businesses. If data privacy requirements are not followed, losses could be significant. Consider the potential legal repercussions, the hefty fines, and the damage to your brand. Data privacy protection is a subtopic of information governance. Organisations must be aware of the data they have, where it is stored, how it moves through their IT systems, and how it is used in order to practise data governance. 

Importance of Data Privacy

Data Privacy lets you have more control over the data you decide to keep private. Even if the use or sharing of a person’s personal information does not have the potential to result in data theft or other cybercrimes, everyone has the right to prevent such use or sharing. Data Privacy is important due to several reasons:

  • Personal Information Protection
  • Regulatory and Legal Compliance
  • Integrity in Data Practises
  • Innovation powered by data
  • Keeping Individual Independence

Also Read: What is BIOS?

Data Privacy Tips

Data Privacy Tips include:

  • Use multi-factor authentication to add extra security levels and to prevent easy access to sensitive accounts in the event that passwords are cracked. Use MFA alternatives that are not SMS-based preferably. Request that they use multi-factor authentication on your account since many online businesses now provide it for free.
  • Consider the implications of spyware in the IoT. This has been one of the major cybersecurity stories of the last year, and it emphasises the need to keep all of your IoT devices updated with the most recent security software.
  • Do regular data backups. You’ll stand the best chance of retaining that data if you have a safe backup if data storage is ever hacked.
  • Watch out for odd demands, grammatical and spelling errors, flashy click-bait content, and other things that appear “off.”

Also Read: What is Metaverse?

Data Privacy Laws

As technology improvements have increased data collection and surveillance capabilities, governments all over the world have started establishing regulations limiting what types of data can be obtained on users, how the details can be used, and how data should be stored and safeguarded. 

The following are some of the most significant regulatory privacy regimes to understand:

  • The General Data Protection Regulation establishes rules for the collection, storage, and processing of personal information of citizens of the European Union (EU). It also grants individuals control over their personal information, including the right to have their personal information erased.
  • National data protection laws: Many countries have strict data protection laws in effect, including Australia, Canada, Singapore, Japan, and others. Some of them are strikingly similar to the GDPR, including the UK’s Data Protection Act and Brazil’s General Law for the Protection of Personal Data.
  • The California Consumer Privacy Act specifies that customers be notified of what personal data is obtained and grants individuals the power to control their personal data, especially the right to demand that organisations refrain from trading their personal data.



#1. Managing personal data in accordance with rules, legislation, and general security best practices is know as________.

#2. Data privacy protection is a subtopic of _______________.

#3. Why is Data Privacy Important?


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