What is the Full Form of PEN?

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The full form of PEN originally stood for Poets, Essayists, and Novelists. But now, it is commonly referred to as Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists, all from different writing styles. PEN International refers to a global association of writers that was originally established in London. In simple words, PEN International conducts research and investigation on violations of the right to freedom of expression around the world. Read on further to know more about PEN.

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History of PEN International

PEN International has a rich history that goes back to 1921 when it was established in London, United Kingdom. Over the years, this organization has evolved into a global organization and made a significant impact on the literary world. Since then, it has expanded its operations with 147 Centres located in around five continents and over 100 countries.

While the entire world was scared of censorship, PEN International emerged in the aftermath of World War 1. It was founded by a group of prominent writers such as John Galsworthy, George Bernard Shaw, and H. H. Wells. Their sole aim was to establish an organization that promotes international solidarity among writers and literary freedom. After all, writers often find themselves at the forefront of struggles against oppression, violations, and censorship. 

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PEN Board Members

The Board members of PEN International come from various parts of the world. It is essential to remember that the board of PEN International is elected by PEN Centres. 

  • Burhan Sonmez (International President)
  • International Secretary (Regula Venske)
  • Treasurer (Eric Lax)
  • Board Members (Ege Dündar, Elisha July, Beatrice Lamwaka, Tanja Tuma, Ola Larsmo, Gabriel Seisdedos, and Salil Tripathi). 

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