Full List Of Viceroys Of India

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Full List Of Viceroys Of India

The list of Viceroys of India is a fascinating journey through the history of British colonial rule on the Indian subcontinent. Spanning over a century, each Viceroy left an indelible mark on the country, overseeing significant events and reforms that shaped India’s path towards independence. From Lord Canning, who abolished the doctrine of lapse, to Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy who witnessed India’s birth as a free nation, this list reflects the changing dynamics and challenges faced during this pivotal period in Indian history. Join us as we explore the lives and legacies of these Viceroys who played crucial roles in India’s transformation.

Must Read: What is the Difference Between Governor-General and Viceroy?

Viceroys of British India (1858-1947) 

Below we have listed the Viceroys of British India from 1858 to 1947:

Lord Canning1858-1862He is known for his significant achievement in abolishing the doctrine of lapse, which had allowed the British East India Company to annex princely states without heirs. This marked a turning point in Indian policy, preserving the integrity of many princely states.
Lord Elgin1862-1863The Tenure saw the rise of the Wahabi Movement, a religious and political movement in India. This period witnessed religious and political unrest, challenging the British administration.
Lord Lawrence1864-1869 Governed from 1864 to 1869,he is notable for establishing High Courts in Calcutta and Madras, contributing to the development of the Indian legal system. Additionally, his tenure saw the Anglo-Bhutanese war.
Lord Mayo1869-1872He introduced financial distribution between the central and state governments for the first time, and the inaugural census of 1872 was conducted under his administration. Tragically, Lord Mayo was the only Governor-General to be assassinated in India.
Lord Northbrook1872-1876The term was marked by progressive reforms, including the introduction of civil and Arya Samaj marriages and the Universal Marriage Act, which allowed inter-caste marriages. The Kuka Movement in Punjab also gained momentum during this period.
Lord Lytton1876-1880The term witnessed the controversial Vernacular Press Act and Arms Act of 1878, which curtailed press freedom and imposed restrictions on firearms possession. His administration faced criticism for its handling of a severe famine and the proclamation of Queen Victoria as “The Empress of India.”
Lord Ripon1880-1884He is remembered for repealing the Arms and Vernacular Press Acts. He promoted local self-governance by establishing Panchayats and Municipal Boards, earning the title “Father of Self-Government.” He also oversaw the founding of Punjab University and Allahabad University.
Lord Dufferin1884-1888The term saw the Third Anglo-Burmese War and the founding of the Indian National Congress in 1885, marking the beginning of the Indian political movement.
Lord Lansdowne1888-1894 He introduced the Indian Councils Act of 1892, which introduced indirect elections. The Factory Act of 1891 was another significant legislative achievement during his tenure.
Lord Elgin 1894-1899The tenure witnessed the first political murder of a British officer by the Chapekar Brothers. This period was marked by rising political tensions.
Lord Curzon1899-1905He implemented the Indian Universities Act to exert more control over Indian universities and controversially partitioned Bengal, sparking widespread protests.
Lord Minto II1905-1910 The term from saw the Morley-Minto reforms and the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi. Madan Mohan Malaviya established the Hindu Mahasabha during this period.
Lord Hardinge II1910-1916.He was involved in the Mesopotamian Campaign and witnessed the growth of the Home Rule League movements and the passing of the Rowlatt Act.
Lord Chelmsford1916- 1921 His term saw the Montague-Chelmsford reforms, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the emergence of the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
Lord Reading1921-1926His term witnessed the formation of the Swaraj Party and the Chauri-Chaura incident during his tenure.
Lord Irwin1926-1931 The term saw the launch of the civil disobedience movement and the Dandi march led by Mahatma Gandhi, as well as the First Round Table Conference.
Lord Willingdon1931-1936He oversaw the Second and Third Round Table Conferences, the signing of the Poona Pact, and the introduction of communal awards.
Lord Linlithgow1936- 1944 He faced the challenges of the Cripps Mission and the Quit India Movement, which marked significant steps towards India’s independence.
Lord Wavell1944-1947 His tenure saw the CR Formula, the launch of Direct Action Day, and the Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference, all of which contributed to the final stages of the struggle for Indian independence.
Lord Mountbatten1947-1948He played a pivotal role in the June 3rd Plan and became the last Viceroy and the first Governor-General of free India, overseeing the transition to independence.

Also Read – Lord Linlithgow: Longest Reigning Viceroy of India

Significance Of Viceroys In Indian History

Victories in Indian history hold profound significance as they have shaped the nation’s destiny, culture, and identity. They symbolize resilience against foreign invasions, colonization, and oppression. Iconic battles like the Battle of Plassey and the Revolt of 1857 paved the way for independence from British rule in 1947. India’s victory in the 1971 Indo-Pak War led to the creation of Bangladesh. These triumphs showcase India’s commitment to sovereignty, unity, and justice. They serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made by countless heroes and continue to inspire future generations to defend freedom, democracy, and the rich heritage of this diverse and ancient civilization.


How many viceroys are there in India?

Twenty viceroys were appointed to serve in India, starting with Lord Canning as the first and ending with Lord Mountbatten as the last.

Who is India’s first Viceroy?

The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning, who had previously served as the Governor-General.

Who is the most famous Viceroy of India?

There are a total of 20 individuals who have served as Viceroys of India, with Lord Canning holding the first position and Lord Mountbatten being the last. The list also includes some well-known names such as Lord Elgin, Lord Lawrence, Lord Mayo, Lord Northbrook, Lord Lytton, Lord Ripon, and many more.

Who is the last Viceroy?

With the country getting independence, the post of viceroy also was removed. Lord Louise Mountbatten served as the last Viceroy of India.

Relevant blogs on Viceroys of India

Lord CornwallisLord CurzonLord Lansdowne
Lord DalhousieLord AucklandLord Ellenborough
Lord AmherstLord MacaulayLord Lytton
Lord MountbattenLord Canning Lord Minto I
Lord WellesleyLord William BentinckLord Charles Metcalfe

We hope you liked our blog on the list of Viceroys of India. If you want to read more articles like this, you can read Study Notes on the Modern History of India. Also, you can visit our general knowledge page on Indian History!

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