The full form of ANC is Absolute Neutrophil Count. It examines the quantity of white blood cells known as neutrophils in the blood. White blood cells are immune system components whose primary function is to fight infection within the body. They are classified into distinct cells based on their function. Neutrophils are the most frequent and vital form of white blood cells in the fight against infection. Neutrophils are important components of immunity because they defend the body from infection by killing fungi, bacteria and foreign particles. ANC is a standard blood test that counts the total number of neutrophils in a blood sample to assess immune function and the risk of acute infection in a patient. In the treatment of immunocompromised patients, ANC plays an important role.
What is an ANC Blood Test?
A standard complete blood count test can detect ANC. The CBC test determines the number of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in a blood sample. ANC is used to track infections, leukaemia, and other diseases. Furthermore, because ANC is the indicator that assesses their chance of getting opportunistic infections, it is a common test in immunocompromised patients such as cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.
What Does Low ANC Mean?
Neutropenia is caused mostly by infection and is quite common in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Infections such as hepatitis, tuberculosis, sepsis, certain drugs, cancer, blood disorders, vitamin deficiencies such as vitamin B12, and autoimmune diseases such as Crohn’s disease and lupus are among the causes. Neutropenia symptoms include moderate fever, blisters, swelling, and persistent infections.
What Does High ANC Mean?
- High ANC levels which are caused by an increase in neutrophil count are a sign of neutrophilia. It is diagnosed when the ANC exceeds 7,500. An elevated neutrophil count can be caused by a number of issues.
- Blood problems, stress, smoking, frequent infections, and inflammation are all causes of neutrophilia. Many doctors believe that an increase in the neutrophil count is the body’s response to an internal or external stimulus. Weakness, painful joints, disorientation, repeated infections, and a body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius are all symptoms of neutrophilia.
- Neutrophilia is a symptom of a more serious illness. As a result, there is no treatment and the patient’s outcome is determined by the underlying illness. Individuals can, however, take precautions to avoid neutrophilia. Maintaining controlling stress, healthy weight, and quitting smoking are examples of these. Patients suffering from neutrophilia are encouraged to seek medical attention for their symptoms.
Also Read: MBBS
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