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What is the Difference Between H Beam and I Beam?

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Difference Between H Beam and I Beam (2)

The main difference between H beams and I beams is based on their cross-sectional shapes and profiles. H beam and I beam are two of the most commonly used shapes for load-bearing members for bearing the weight of buildings, bridges, and other structures.

To the naked eye, the H beam and I beam seem similar, but there are a lot of differences between the two the shape. Keep reading this blog to know in detail about the difference between the H beam and the I beam.

What is H Beam?

An H beam is a strong, steel beam that looks like the letter “H”. It’s made up of two horizontal parts, called flanges, connected by a vertical part in the middle, called a web. 

They’re good at holding up weight because of their wide flanges, which spread out the load. H beams are commonly seen in big structures because they can carry their weight easily. 

What is I-Beam?

I-beam is a structural component used in construction that matches the shape of the letter “I” when viewed from the side. It has a horizontal top and bottom flange connected by a vertical web in the middle.

The balanced combination of I-Beam i.e. weight and balance makes it best for both residential and commercial applications.

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What is the Difference Between H Beam and I Beam?

As mentioned above the main difference between H Beam and I Beam is based on the shape. However, there are other factors on which they can be differentiated:

FactorsH BeamI Beam
ShapeResembles the letter “H” in
cross-section.
Resembles the letter “I” in cross-section.
FlangesConsists of two horizontal
flanges.
Consists of one horizontal flange
on top and bottom.
Web Has a vertical web connecting
the flanges.
Has a vertical web connecting the flanges.
Load-Bearing  Generally higher due to wider flanges.Slightly lower compared to H beams.
ApplicationsIdeal for heavy-duty structures with long spans.Suitable for a wide range of applications including residential and commercial construction.
CostMay be slightly higher due to
more material and labor.
Typically more cost-effective due to simpler design.
AvailabilityWidely available in various sizes and configurations.Readily available in standard sizes.

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FAQs

What is the difference between the H beam and the I beam?

The main difference between the H beam and the I beam is based on their cross-sectional shapes and profiles.

How many flanges are there in the H beam?

There are a total of two horizontal flanges in the H beam.

How many flanges are there in I Beam?

There is only one horizontal flanges in the I beam.

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