Difference Between Differentiation and Integration

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Difference Between Differentiation and Integration

The difference between differentiation and integration is that differentiation refers to finding the rate at which one quantity changes about another. Integration is the process of combining smaller parts into a single unit that functions as a single component 

What is Differentiation?

Differentiation in calculus is finding the instantaneous rate of change of a function. Imagine how fast a curve is changing at a specific point. It’s like measuring the slope of the curve at that exact moment.

  • Represented by notations like dy/dx or f(x).
  • Think of velocity (rate of change of displacement) as an example.
  • The opposite of differentiation is anti-differentiation (finding the total change).

This table lists the main points regarding differentiation, including definitions, rules, and types of functions. 

DefinitionFinding the instantaneous rate of change of a function at a specific point.
ApplicationMeasures how quickly a function’s output changes in response to
changes in its input.
Linear vs. Non-Linear FunctionsLinear Functions: Constant rate of change, so the derivative is also constant throughout the domain.
Non-Linear Functions: The rate of change varies across the domain.
Derivative as LimitNon-Linear Functions: The rate of change varies across the domain.

What is Integration?

Integration, the counterpart to differentiation, accumulates infinitely small pieces into a whole. Imagine cutting a shape into countless thin slices. The integration adds the areas of these slices to find the entire shape’s area, the volume under a curve, or even displacement over time.  Unlike differentiation (which focuses on instantaneous change), integration deals with total quantities. Here is the table on integration highlighting its key features including integral calculus, definite integral, indefinite integral, etc:

IntegrationAn integral without upper and lower limits represents a general antiderivative of a function.
Integral CalculusIntegral calculus involves solving problems related to integration. It’s one of the two major branches of calculus, the other being differential calculus.
Inverse Process of DifferentiationAn integral without upper and lower limits represents a general antiderivative of a function.
Definite IntegralAn integral without upper and lower limits represents a general antiderivative of a function.
Indefinite IntegralAn integral without upper and lower limits represents a general antiderivative of a function.

What is the Difference Between Differentiation and Integration

Differentiation breaks down a function to find its instantaneous rate of change, like the slope of a curve at a specific point. While Integration unites these minute changes. It calculates the total accumulated value, like the entire area under the curve. Here we have listed the difference between Differentiation and Integration in detail:

ProcessDetermines the rate of change of a quantity
Brings smaller components together into a whole
PurposeFinds the slope of a function at a specific point
Calculates the area under the curve of a function
FocusPoint-wise analysis
Interval-wise analysis
UniquenessUnique derivative for a functionMay not be unique due to the presence of an arbitrary integration constant (C)

Differentiation and Integration Formulas 

A list of the key differentiation formulas is provided below. Let’s think of f(x) as a function in this case, and f'(x) as its derivative.

Differentiation Formulas

The basic differentiation rules that need to be followed are mentioned here:

Sum and Difference Rulef'(x) = u'(x) ± v'(x)
Product Rulef'(x) = u'(x)v(x) + u(x)v'(x)
Quotient Rulef'(x) = [u'(x)v(x) – u(x)v'(x)] / [v(x)]^2
Chain Rulef'(x) = g'(u) * u'(x)

See the integral and integration formulas below; these are frequently utilized in more complex mathematical computations. You can quickly and simply answer any integration-related problem by using these formulas.

Differentiation Formulas

Application of Differentiation and Integration in Real-Life

Integration and differentiation are used in a variety of real-life applications, including physics, engineering, economics, and medicine. Below we have stated some of the real-life application of differentiation and integration in real life:

  • Differentiation excels at measuring the rate of change. Example: In physics, it helps determine acceleration – the rate of change of velocity (speed) over time. This is very important for designing safe and efficient vehicles.
  • The derivative can pinpoint the maximum and minimum points on a graph. Example: Businesses use this to analyze profit.
  • Differentiation helps study the behavior of curves. Example: It can be used to find the tangent (line just touching the curve at a specific point) and normal (line perpendicular to the tangent at that point). This is relevant in various fields like designing aerodynamic shapes for airplanes.
  • Integration helps quantify the area under a curve or the volume enclosed by a shape. Example: Engineers use it to: determine the amount of water a reservoir can hold based on its depth.
  • Integration allows us to calculate the total work done by a force acting over a certain distance. Example: Scientists use it to analyze the energy required to launch a rocket.
  • By integrating the acceleration of an object, we can find its velocity (speed) and even its displacement (position).Example: This is important in calculating the trajectory of a projectile like a missile.
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What is the main difference between differentiation and integration?

Differentiation measures the rate of change, while integration calculates accumulation.

What is the difference between an integral and a differential?

An integral finds the total accumulation, while a differential represents the infinitesimal change.

Which is harder: differentiation or integration?

The difficulty depends on context. Integration often involves more complex techniques than differentiation.

What is the difference between derivative and differentiation?

A derivative is a result of differentiation, showing the rate of change. Differentiation is the process of finding derivatives.

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