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What is the Difference Between Civil and Criminal Law?

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Difference Between Civil and Criminal Law

Every law system in any country is based on two types of laws according to every layman’s language. These two laws are Civil and Criminal Law. The basic difference between Civil and Criminal law is that the rules and regulations in Civil law are based on the candidate’s non-criminal act such as divorce or family dispute, whereas the rules under criminal law are for any criminal act committed by anyone.

This blog will provide you with insights into Civil and Criminal and also study in-depth details on the differences between civil and criminal law. 

What is Civil Law?

The other term for Civil law in the country is private law. This law encompasses the different non-criminal acts committed by any party such as personal affairs, business and other organisations. 

The Civil law in the country helps the citizens to solve their problems such as property disputes, affairs, marriages etc, There are mainly 6 parties involved in any civil case, such as;

  1. Plaintiff
  2. Attorneys
  3. Defendant
  4. Third parties
  5. Witnesses 
  6. Judge

What is Criminal Law?

On the other hand, the criminal law in any country punishes the citizens if they have committed any criminal act. The other name of this law is Penal Law. 

The main purpose of this law is to punish the criminal rather than solve the issue. Here are the first parties involved in the Criminal case:

  1. Prosecution
  2. Defendant
  3. Judge
  4. Witnesses
  5. Victims

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Differences Between Civil and Criminal Law

To give you a brief idea of the difference between Civil and criminal law, here’s a table for you to understand:

FactorCivil LawCriminal Law
PurposeResolving disputes between individuals or entities,  
Punishing offenders for wrongful conduct,  
Burden of ProofPreponderance of evidence 
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
Parties InvolvedPrivate individuals, organizations, or businesses
Government (prosecution) vs. individuals accused of crimes.
PenaltiesMonetary compensation, specific performance.
Imprisonment, fines, probation, community service, or capital punishment.
Legal RepresentationParties may represent themselves or hire counsel.
defendants have the right to an attorney, provided if unable to afford one.
VerdictDecided by judges or juries.Decided by judges or juries

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FAQ

What is Civil law?

In any country, the law states different laws and regulations based on its resident’s personal life that includes their personal life such as differences in property ownership, marriage laws etc.

What is criminal law?

The criminal law in any country makes the lives of its residents safe punishing them if there is any criminal act committed by them.

What is the basic difference between civil and criminal law?

The basic difference between civil and criminal law is that civil law is for its resident’s personal affairs whereas criminal law is to punish them if there is any criminal act committed by them. 

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