What is the 105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution?

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What is the 105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution

The 105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution “restores the power of State governments to recognise Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBCs).” This power of the State governments to recognise SEBCs was taken away by the 102nd Amendment in 2018. However, with the backlash faced by this decision, the 105th Amendment was passed within 3 days. Moreover, this significant power allows States to recognise SEBCs which also include OBCs whom the States can help in the social and educational domains. Read on to learn more about the 105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution and its importance. 

105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution
Bill Title The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2021
Introduced byDr. Virendra Kumar, Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment
Passed by Lok Sabha10th August, 2021
Passed by Rajya Sabha 11th August, 2021
Effective 15th August, 2021
Assented to 18th August, 2021
105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution

Importance of the 105th Amendment 

In addition, here is the Importance of the 105th Amendment of the Indian Constitution:

  • The legislation aims to empower State governments by reinstating their authority to identify socially and educationally backward Other Backward Classes (OBCs). 
  • Contrary to the Union government’s stance, the 105th Constitutional Amendment Act mainly focuses on establishing a Central List. This is exclusively applicable to the Central Government and its entities. 
  • This Amendment does not concern the State Lists of backward classes or the jurisdiction of State governments in designating a community as backward.
  • Moreover, the enactment of this Bill is anticipated to assist approximately 671 OBC communities.
    • Without the preservation of the State list, these OBC groups would risk losing their entitlement to reservations. Moreover, in both employment opportunities and educational institutions.
  • Consequently, this legislation advances social empowerment and reflects the government’s dedication to guaranteeing the dignity, prospects, and equitable treatment of marginalised segments of society.

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