IELTS Daily Speaking Topic – Speaking Part 3: Family (Follow-up Discussion)

4 minute read
IELTS Daily Speaking Topic - Speaking Part 3: Family (Follow-up Discussion)

Discussion Topics

  1. Family Roles
  2. Parenting Styles
  3. Family Traditions

Follow-up questions

1. Family Roles

Q.1. How have family roles changed in your country over the past few decades? 

Ans. Family roles in India have changed significantly over the past few years. Traditionally, India had a patriarchal system where the male was the primary authority figure and was the breadwinner of the family. However, with the advent of urbanization, education and women empowerment these roles have evolved. For example, one of my friends Ravi, grew up in a traditional Indian Family where his father was the sole earning man and his mother took care of the household chores. But when he got married to Priya, they decided to do things differently. They both share household chores and take turns cooking. Their story is a testament to how family roles have evolved in India over the years.


Q.2. How do family roles differ in urban and rural areas in your country?

Ans. Family roles in urban and rural areas differ significantly due to socioeconomic factors, and I’ve seen this firsthand in my own family. In rural areas, traditional roles are more prevalent. Men are usually the primary earners, working in agriculture or other labour-intensive jobs, while women manage the household and childcare. For example, one of my relatives lives in the rural part of Punjab. In their village, every man works in the fields, while the women handle all the household chores.

When I returned to my city, Delhi, the contrast was striking. My neighbour, Mrs. Sharma, is a high-ranking officer in a multinational company, while her husband, Mr. Sharma, is a homemaker who takes care of their kids and the house. This difference between my rural relatives and my urban neighbours highlights how socio-economic factors shape family roles in different settings.

2. Parenting Styles

Q.1. How do parenting styles affect a child’s development and personality?

Ans. Parenting styles have a profound impact on a child’s development and personality. For example, my friend, Meera, grew up in a family where her parents used an authoritative style of parenting. They had clear boundaries but also encouraged open communication. As a result, Meera has grown into a confident and independent woman who is not afraid to express her opinions. On the other hand, there is another acquaintance of mine named Rohan. His parents had a permissive style of parenting where he was allowed to do whatever he wanted without many rules or consequences. As a result, Rohan still struggles with self-discipline and responsibility.

Q.2. Do you think one parenting style is superior to others? Why or why not?

Ans. I believe that no parenting style is superior to others. Each style has its strengths and weaknesses, and what works best is based on the child’s personality and family circumstances. For example, authoritarian parenting might work well for a child who responds well to rules and regulations. Still, it will not be effective for a more independent and self-motivated child.

Moreover, it’s important to remember that parenting is not a one-size-fits-all approach. It’s about finding the right balance and adapting to the needs of the child. After all, every child is unique, and what works for one might not work for another. 

3. Family Traditions

Q.1. Do you think it’s important to maintain these traditions? Why or why not?

Ans. Yes, I do believe it’s important to maintain traditions. They serve as a link to our past, providing us with a sense of continuity and connection to our ancestors. For example, in my family, we have a tradition of celebrating festivals together, which not only brings joy but also helps us understand our cultural heritage. These celebrations create lasting memories and strengthen our family bonds, making us feel more connected to our roots.

Q.2. How have modern lifestyles impacted family traditions in your society?

Ans. Modern lifestyles have certainly impacted family traditions. With the rise of nuclear families and the fast pace of life, many traditional practices have been sidelined. For instance, the tradition of extended families dining together has become less common due to differing schedules and distances.

In my own experience, growing up, we used to have large family gatherings every Sunday. All my aunts, uncles, and cousins would come over, and we’d share a meal together. It was a noisy, chaotic, and incredibly joyous time. However, as everyone started moving to different cities for work or education, these gatherings became less frequent. Now, it’s rare for us all to be in the same place at the same time.

Similarly, during festivals, we used to have elaborate celebrations involving the entire extended family. But now, with everyone’s busy schedules and the geographical distance, our celebrations have become more modest and often limited to the immediate family. While we still try to maintain the essence of these traditions, the scale and participation have undeniably changed.

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