Gandhi’s Philosophy of Swaraj: Speech, 10 Lines

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Gandhi’s Philosophy of Swaraj

‘Respected Principal, teachers, and all my seniors and fellow friends. Today I am standing before you to deliver Gandhi’s Philosophy of Swaraj speech. My speech will cover Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas of Satyagraha and Swaraj and how he became the leader of one of the greatest nations in the world.

Friends, the simple meaning of Swaraj is self-rule or self-governance. But for our father of the nation, it meant much more than freedom from the rule of Britishers. More broadly, Bapu believes that each one of us should be free from all kinds of oppression and should have the ability to rule ourselves.

According to Gandhiji, true freedom does not mean political freedom from foreign rulers. On the contrary, he believed that after getting independence from the British, Indians wouldn´t be truly free unless their ideas mentally enslaved them. For him, the real Swaraj means freedom from minds, souls, and consciousnesses.

Gandhiji wanted us Indians to have control over our own lives, societies, and nations. He did not want Indians to follow Western ways blindly; instead, he was a supporter of analysing Western culture, values, and compasses.

For him, Swaraj begins with self-discipline and builds up mere qualities like non-violence, truthfulness, and dignity of labor within each of us. Until we conquer our own vices and bad habits, we cannot govern ourselves and justify society. 

You all will be surprised to know the way Gandhiji relates Swaraj to villages. For him, swaraj also means decentralization, village self-governance, and self-reliance. He did not want other powers to control us; instead, he wanted to be the master of one’s own life. For this, he believed that every village should be able to sustain itself and make its own decisions through panchayats.

Furthermore, he advocated being Swadeshi, which here means using our labours and resources instead of being dependent on foreign goods and the economy. Self-sufficiency in food, clothing, and other needs was the key to Swaraj. 

You all can very well understand his strong stand for Swaraj with his famous quote – ‘Nobody can make free without your concurrence. If you have a mind enslaved by impact and beliefs, you remain a slave.

My dear listeners, the extensive self-rule of Mahatma Gandhi is the only way for us to realize human dignity and truly become independent in every sense. I hope we can follow the path of Mahatma Gandhi to discipline ourselves to achieve the real goal of Swaraj.’

Thank you!

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Gandhi’s Philosophy of Swaraj Speech in 10 Lines

Let us learn about Gandhi’s philosophy of Swaraj Speech in short and simple 10 lines:

1. The term swaraj means self-rule and freedom. It should be seen that Swaraj here does not mean political independence.

2. Swaraj is encompassed with moral, economic, social, and cultural self-discipline and self-reliance. 

3. Gandhi´s means and aims are both important in achieving Swaraj.

4. The core deal of Swaraj is non-violence, truth, and peaceful civil resistance.

5. The key to economic Swaraj is decentralization and village governance.

6. The mere requirement of Swaraj is self-sufficiency and foreign dependency.

7. Swaraj is meant to conquer vices by freeing the individual conscience first.

8. Home rule or Swaraj, is the power given to the people over their own lives and not oppressed by external rule.

9. Gandhi’s philosophy paved the way for an ethical, non-violent, and welfare-oriented society.

10. Following the principles of Gandhiji we can learn how to free ourselves from dependency on others. 

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Gandhi’s Philosophy of Swaraj

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Q. 1 What was Gandhi’s philosophy of Swaraj?

Ans. Gandhi’s philosophy of Swaraj meant the true self-rule of moral, economic, social and political freedom from oppression through non-violence and self-discipline.

Q. 2 What are the pillars of Swaraj?

Ans. The pillars of Swaraj were non-violence, truth, self-reliance, village self-governance and individual ethical conduct.

Q. 3 What is Swaraj in brief?

Ans. Swaraj in brief is a comprehensive self-rule encompassing individual freedom, national independence and global human dignity through peaceful measures.

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