CBSE Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 NCERT Solutions: Development

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CBSE Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 NCERT Solutions Development

CBSE Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 NCERT Solutions, Development aims to provide students with insightful solutions. Our subject matter experts have offered simple and accurate answers for the exercises in the economics book of Class 10.

These solutions are designed in an easy-to-understand manner to help students grasp the topics easily. Students can use this variety of NCERT solutions to learn more about these interesting topics comprehensively.

We hope that the CBSE Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 NCERT Solutions, Development will be helpful for the students.

NCERT CBSE Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 NCERT Solutions: Development

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1. Development of a country can generally be determined by
(i) its per capita income
(ii) its average literacy level
(iii) health status of its people
(iv) all the above

Ans. iv) all the above

2. Which of the following neighbouring countries has better performance in terms of human development than India?
(i) Bangladesh
(ii) Sri Lanka
(iii) Nepal
(iv) Pakistan

Ans. (ii) Sri Lanka

3. Assume there are four families in a country. The average per capita income of these families is Rs 5000. If the income of three families is Rs 4000, Rs 7000 and Rs 3000 respectively, what is the income of the fourth family?
(i) Rs 7500
(ii) Rs 3000
(iii) Rs 2000
(iv) Rs 6000

Ans. (iii) Rs 2000

Calculation: Total income of three families = Rs 4000 + Rs 7000 + Rs 3000 = Rs 14000
Income of the fourth family = Total income of all families – Total income of three families
Income of the fourth family = Rs 20000 – Rs 14000 = Rs 6000

4. What is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries? What are the limitations of this criterion, if any?

Ans. The main criterion used by the World Bank is Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. Limitations include:
It does not account for income inequality.
It may not reflect the quality of life or development indicators.
It focuses solely on economic output without considering social factors.

5. In what respects is the criterion used by the UNDP for measuring development different from the one used by the World Bank?

Ans. UNDP uses the Human Development Index (HDI), which combines indicators of life expectancy, education, and per capita income. It provides a broader view of development compared to the World Bank’s focus on GNI per capita.

6. Why do we use averages? Are there any limitations to their use? Illustrate with your own examples related to development.

Ans. Averages help in summarizing data and making comparisons. Limitations include:
Averages can mask disparities within a population.
They may not reflect the distribution or inequality among individuals.
For example, using average income to measure development might overlook pockets of poverty within a country.

7. Kerala, with lower per capita income has a better human development ranking than Haryana. Hence, per capita income is not a useful criterion at all and should not be used to compare states. Do you agree? Discuss.

Ans. Per capita income alone does not capture the overall development of a state. Factors like education, healthcare, and social indicators are critical. Kerala’s higher human development ranking despite lower income underscores the importance of holistic development indicators.

8. Find out the present sources of energy that are used by the people in India. What could be the other possibilities fifty years from now?

Ans. Present sources: Coal, oil, natural gas, hydroelectric, nuclear, and renewable energy (solar, wind, biomass).
Future possibilities: Increased focus on renewable energy sources like solar and wind due to environmental concerns and technological advancements.

9. Why is the issue of sustainability important for development?

Ans. Sustainability ensures that current needs are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It addresses environmental, economic, and social aspects of development for long-term viability.

10. “The Earth has enough resources to meet the needs of all but not enough to satisfy the greed of even one person”. How is this statement relevant to the discussion of development? Discuss.

Ans. The statement highlights the importance of sustainable development and equitable distribution of resources. Development that focuses solely on economic growth without considering environmental or social impacts can lead to depletion of resources and inequalities.

11. List a few examples of environmental degradation that you may have observed around you.

Ans. Examples: Deforestation, air pollution from vehicles and industries, water pollution from untreated sewage, and loss of biodiversity due to habitat destruction.

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