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What is the Difference between Appeal and Revision?

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A request to review and possibly reverse a lower court’s decision is known as an appeal to a higher court. A revision, however, is a request to review and maybe alter it provided to the same court that made the decision.

Revision is not a continuation of the lawsuit, although an appeal is. This is the main difference between them. Let us proceed with understanding more differences between the two.

What is an Appeal?

Through the legal procedure of an appeal, a higher court examines a lower court’s decision to see if the first finding had any errors. The appellant, the party filing the appeal, asks the higher court to reverse or amend the lower court’s ruling. The procedure usually entails the filing of written arguments, while it is also possible for oral arguments to be made in court. Depending on the outcome of an appeal, the initial ruling may be maintained, reversed, or altered.

Advantages of Appeal

  • Provides a medium for correcting mistakes made by lower courts.
  • Gives access to the re-examination of evidence and testimony.
  • A fair outcome for the parties involved.
  • Improves the legal system’s accountability and transparency.
  • Opportunity for legal precedent to be clarified.
  • Can result in the creation of a body of legislation that is more logical and consistent.

Disadvantages of Appeal

  • Time-consuming and expensive for the parties involved.
  • The case can be extended and cause some extra stress for the parties involved.
  • This can generate confusion and uncertainty for the parties involved.
  • Possibilities for inconsistent decisions and confusion in the law.
  • Extra expenses and legal fees for all parties involved.

What is a Revision?

The process of asking a court to examine and maybe modify a previous ruling is known as revision. Through a formal process, parties can ask a higher court to reconsider a lower court’s ruling. Revision is intended to fix any mistakes or unfairness that may have existed in the original decision.

Advantages of a Revision

  • Access to correction of mistakes or injustices in the original decision.
  • If any information was not available during the original trial, it considered that as well.
  • Parties can address dissatisfaction with the original outcome.
  • This can result in a case settlement that is more equitable and just.
  • Permits the legal system to adjust to evolving laws and situations.
  • It can offer a way for a higher court to examine a lower court’s ruling, guaranteeing justice system uniformity and equity.

Disadvantages of a Revision

  • Time-consuming and expensive for the parties involved.
  • This might add to the stress experienced by the parties involved in a dispute and delay its conclusion.
  • Can make things unclear and confusing for everyone involved.
  • Possibilities for inconsistent decisions and confusion in the law.
  • Extra expenses and legal fees for all parties involved.

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Difference between Appeal and Revision

The major difference between appeal and revision is that:

BASIS FOR COMPARISON APPEALREVISION
MeaningA request for a superior court to examine a lower court’s decision is known as an appeal.The act of reexamining and altering a decision in order to make it just and equitable is referred to as revision.
How many times is it allowed? MultipleOnly one
What is it?Substantive RightDiscretionary power of the court
Where Preferred?Superior Court, which can be a district court or high court.High Court
Who can apply?Party to suitParty to suit and court can also apply
InvolvesCourt HearingRewriting and Reworking
AgainstDecree and appealable orders.The decision was passed by the subordinate court.
AbatementIf the attorney doesn’t provide documents within the allotted time, the case will be settled upon the victim’s death.Revision petition continues even if the party who applied for it dies in the meantime.
GroundsGrounds of the question of law and fact.Grounds of jurisdictional error.

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Similarities between Appeal and Revision

  • Revision and appeal are procedures via which an individual can contest a ruling or judgement rendered by a subordinate court or tribunal.
  • A higher court’s examination of the case can be requested through both an appeal and a revision.
  • Following the passing of the final judgement or order, an appeal or revision may be made.
  • To contest the decision on the grounds of factual or legal mistakes, one may use both revision and appeal.
  • The original decision may be overturned, modified, or upheld as the result of either an appeal or a revision.
  • A fresh trial or hearing may be requested through appeal or revision.
  • There is a deadline for filing both an appeal and a revision.
  • The higher court must receive legal briefs or arguments submitted in both the appeal and revision processes.
  • The higher court handles both the appeal and the revision, and it may or may not hear oral arguments.
  • Depending on the jurisdiction and nature of the case, appeals and revisions may have different regulations and processes.

FAQs

Can a new trial be granted on appeal?

A fresh trial may be granted on appeal in specific circumstances, depending on the jurisdiction and the reasons for the appeal.

What is the difference between an appeal and a retrial?

A retrial is a new trial held in the lower court, but an appeal is a request to a higher court to reconsider the decision made by the lower court.

Can I get a different judge during the appeal?

A different judge may be assigned in some cases upon appeal, depending on the jurisdiction and the grounds for the appeal.

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