How to Become a Bureaucrat in India: Salary, Skills Required, Education, Scope

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become a bureaucrat

Bureaucrats are government officials who are responsible for implementing and administering government policies. They are involved in decision-making, policy formulation and implementation. These bureaucrats belong to various services such as Indian Administrative Services, Indian Police Services, Indian Revenue Services and others. They hold positions and designations according to their rank and experience. They work closely with the ministers for the smooth functioning of the government to serve the public interest. If you are planning to become a bureaucrat and want to know about its scope, salary, eligibility and more, this blog is the right place. 


Who is a Bureaucrat?

Bureaucrats in India have the responsibility of executing and managing government policies and programs. They hold positions in various government departments and agencies at different levels. Bureaucrats play a crucial role in policy formulation, decision-making, and ensuring effective governance. They manage administrative processes, oversee public services, and work in coordination with elected officials and stakeholders to address societal challenges.

Also, Read: Concept of Sustainable Development

Roles and Responsibilities 

In India, the scope of bureaucrats is vast and multi-faceted. It includes: 

  • Formulation of policies and implementation of programs at the central, state and local levels of the government. 
  • They are responsible for making decisions during their day-to-day operations, ensuring effective and efficient handling of resources. 
  • They work towards the welfare and development of society by addressing social, economic and political issues. 
  • Few services such as the Indian Police Service and more ensure the stability of law and order by combating crimes and working with law enforcement agencies. 
  • They are engaged in policy research to understand the crisis faced by the country and ways to combat them by proper decision-making. 

Steps to Become a Bureaucrat in India

The general steps to become a bureaucrat in India are as follows:

Step1: Obtain a High School Certificate

To become a bureaucrat, a candidate must complete his high school at a relevant school or equivalent. The candidate must have passed the high school final examination to be eligible for the UPSC examination.

Step 2: Get a Bachelor’s Degree

To earn a bachelor’s degree an individual must enrol in an accredited university in any stream and complete the bachelor’s course with passing marks. This is the minimum qualification required to sit for the examination.

Step 3: Earn a Master’s Degree

To get a deeper understanding of the subject, the candidate can further go on for a master’s degree. The degree should be completed from an accredited university or equivalent. This will help in better preparation for the examination in the selected subject.

Step 4: Gain Essential Skills

For becoming a bureaucrat, certain skills should be developed to increase the chances of being selected such as communication skills, problem-solving skills, leadership, understanding of legal, political, social, and economic aspects and others.

Eligibility Criteria 

The eligibility criteria for becoming a bureaucrat in India are as follows: 

  • The minimum age to appear for the examination is 21 years and it goes up to 32 years. 
  • The candidate should be a citizen of India. 
  • A minimum of graduation is required to appear for the examination
  • One must qualify for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission or by the State Public Service Commission.


Skills Required

To become a Bureaucrat, certain skills and attributes are required such as: 

  • Good verbal and written communication skills 
  • A strong analytical ability to solve complex problems 
  • Skills of leadership and management. 
  • The quality to be adaptable and flexible in accordance with the circumstances 
  • Broad understanding of social, economic,  political and legal aspects. 

Pros and Cons of Becoming a Bureaucrat

Becoming a bureaucrat can have both pros and cons, such as:


  • Bureaucrats enjoy a high level of job security. 
  • They hold an influential and prestigious position in the Government of India. 
  • They bring significant social changes by formulating and implementing policies. 
  • They enjoy high salaries and benefits along with the opportunity of being promoted with experience 


  • The civil services examination in India is highly competitive, with a low selection rate. 
  • The bureaucratic system has to go through complex procedures while working, lowering its efficiency. 
  • They have to work directly under the politicians, which sometimes leads to biased decision-making.
  • They have to follow already established rules and regulations, limiting their creativity. 

Also, Read: UPSC CSE 2023

Salary of a Bureaucrat in India 

According to the 7th Central Pay Commission, the salaries of a bureaucrat is as follows:

Entry Level56,000 – 1,33,000

Future Scope 

Bureaucrats play a crucial role in shaping and implementing policies and programs. The future scope of a bureaucrat in India is promising and fulfilling as due to more emphasis on transparency and accountability, bureaucrats with strong leadership and problem-solving skills will be in high demand. Further, the evolving technology will require bureaucrats who will provide the public with innovative and adaptive solutions to such a revolution. 


Q1. Is an IAS officer part of the Indian bureaucracy? 

Ans. Yes, an IAS officer is part of Indian Bureaucracy and is an indispensable part of the Indian Executive. 

Q2. Who is the senior bureaucrat in India? 

Ans. The senior bureaucrat of India is the Cabinet Secretary. 

Q3. What is the minimum salary of an IAS officer? 

Ans. The minimum salary of an IAS officer is INR 56,000

This was all about how to become a bureaucrat in India. Hope this blog cleared up all doubts. For more information, keep following Leverage Edu. 

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