TOEFL Syllabus 2023

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toefl syllabus

The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a widely recognised and respected English proficiency exam accepted by universities, colleges, and organisations worldwide. If you’re considering taking this exam, it’s essential to understand the TOEFL syllabus thoroughly.


It is also essential to understand the new changes introduced by ETS in the TOEFL exam. ETS has reduced the duration of the TOEFL exam to 1 hour 56 minutes. Listening, Reading and Writing sections have undergone changes with respect to individual time duration, number of tasks and number of questions per task. The writing section has also replaced its independent writing task with a new task.

These changes will be effective from the 26th of July 2023. In this blog, we will provide a detailed list of the different tasks in the TOEFL exam syllabus and valuable insights to help you prepare effectively. Read through to know how to prepare for the new TOEFL exam pattern.

Also Read: How to Prepare for New TOEFL Online!

TOEFL Exam Syllabus 2023 

There are 4 sections in the TOEFL exam syllabus i.e. Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing. Refer to the table below for a detailed view of the section-wise syllabus for TOEFL according to the lastest changes:

ReadingRead 2 passages and
answer 10 questions on each passage.
ListeningA. 2 lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words),
6 questions each;
About 12 questions in total
B. 3 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges),
5 questions each;
About 15 questions in total
SpeakingA. 1 independent task (prep time: 15 sec; response time: 45 sec)
B. 3 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 30 sec;
response time: 60 sec)
Total no. of questions: 4,
Total time: 16 minutes
WritingA. 1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min;
Listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)
B. 1 Writing for an Academic Discussion (09 minutes)
Total no. of questions: 2,
Total time: 29 minutes
New TOEFL Exam Pattern

Also Read: TOEFL Speaking Topics

How to Prepare For TOEFL Exam Syllabus?

Follow these tips to prepare according to the TOEFL exam syllabus 2023 and score good marks:

  • Familiarise yourself with the test format and timing to manage your time effectively during the exam.
  • Practice reading academic texts and answering comprehension questions within the given time limit.
  • Enhance your listening skills by regularly listening to lectures, podcasts, and conversations in English.
  • Develop your speaking abilities by practising expressing your thoughts clearly and coherently.


How can I start preparing for the TOEFL exam?

There are several preparation tips such as try studying from sample papers, working on your strengths and weaknesses, practising time management, knowing the exam pattern etc. 

What is the syllabus for TOEFL Exam?

The TOEFL exam is divided into four sections i.e. reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking. Each section comprises different types of questions with different duration. 

How can I download the TOEFL exam syllabus?

The candidates can download the TOEFL exam syllabus from https://www.ets.org/toefl.html, once it is published. 

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