What is a Quasi Judicial Body?

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What is a Quasi-Judicial Body

In India, a Quasi-judicial body is an authority with powers similar to a Court but which works outside the traditional Judicial system. Furthermore, these bodies are given the work of making decisions or judging disputes in specific areas of law or regulation. In addition, while they do not have the full authority of a Court, these bodies have significant power in their respective domains. Read on to learn more about Quasi-Judicial Body Meaning and the Examples of these Bodies. 

Quasi Judicial Body Meaning

The term “quasi-judicial” is a hybrid and combines the judiciary and administrative functions. Moreover, unlike regular courts, Quasi-judicial bodies are established by statutes or regulations to address specialised issues or regulate some industries. Additionally, they may conduct hearings, gather evidence, and issue rulings or orders, similar to a Court. However, their decisions are subject to review by higher judicial authorities hence making sure that there is accountability and fairness in their proceedings.

Also Read: What is Judicial Review in India?

Examples of Quasi Judicial Body in India

Furthermore, here are 3 Examples of a Quasi Judicial Body in India:

  • National Green Tribunal (NGT): NGT was established under the National Green Tribunal Act of 2010.
    • It is authorised to adjudicate matters related to environmental protection and conservation. 
    • Moreover, NGT hears cases concerning pollution, forest conservation, biodiversity, and other environmental issues. 
    • The NGT has the authority to impose penalties, issue directions, and enforce compliance with environmental laws.
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI): As the regulatory authority for the securities market in India, SEBI acts as a quasi-judicial body.
    • It resolves disputes and enforces regulations within the financial sector. 
    • SEBI has the power to investigate securities-related violations, impose fines, and issue orders to protect investors’ interests as well as maintain market integrity.
  • Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT): CAT is a Quasi-judicial body for solving disputes and grievances related to recruitment, service conditions, and disciplinary matters concerning employees of the Central government and Public sector undertakings.
    • Moreover, it provides an alternative forum for administrative justice, offering timely redressal and relief to aggrieved individuals.

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