National Commission for Women Act, 1990

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The National Commission for Women Act, 1990

The National Commission for Women is a statutory body that was set up on the 31st of January 1992. The Commission was formed under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. Moreover, it was formed to work for the welfare of women in terms of economic empowerment of women. Additionally, the Commission took a year to travel throughout India, all States, and Union territories and prepare a document to asses the grounds of the empowerment of women. Since then, it has been acting as suo-moto in several cases and has gotten a large number of complaints. The current Chairwoman of the Commission is Rekha Sharma since the 7th of August, 2018. Scroll through to learn more about the National Commission for Women Act 1990, How many Members in the National Women’s Commission and What are the Functions of the National Women’s Commission. 

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How many Members are in the National Women’s Commission? 

The National Commission for Women consists of a chairwoman, 5 members, and a member secretary. 

  • The Central Government of India nominates the chairwoman of the Commission. 
  • In addition, women with experience in law or legislation, trade unionism, management of an industry potential of women, women’s voluntary organizations (including women activists), administration, economic development, health, education, or social welfare are chosen to be the 5 members of the commission. 

Furthermore, the Central Government nominates the member-secretary of the Commission, who must be a:

  1. Management, organizational structure, or sociology movement expert. 
  2. Civil Service of the Union or an all-India service or Civil post holding officer. 

Also Read: What is the Central Information Commission of India?

What are the Functions of the National Women’s Commission?

Consequently, the Functions of the National Women’s Commission are as follows:

Functions of the National Women’s Commission
Review safeguards for womenExamines constitutional and legal protections for women’s rights.
Recommend legal changesProposes improvements to existing laws or the creation of new ones to address women’s issues.
Help resolve grievancesAssists women in getting fair treatment when their rights are violated.
Advise governmentProvides recommendations on policies that impact women’s lives.
State visits and reportsGathers information on women’s status in each Indian state/territory (except Lakshadweep).
Complaint resolutionHandles complaints submitted by women and takes initiative in addressing serious issues.
Focus areasChild marriage prevention, legal awareness programs, alternative dispute resolution for families, and strengthening key laws related to women’s rights.
Public awareness campaignsOrganizes workshops, seminars, and media efforts to educate the public about gender equality and combat social evils like female foeticide and violence against women.
Functions of the National Women’s Commission

Therefore, this is everything about the National Commission for Women Act of 1990, what is the commission, its members, and its functions.

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