What Is The Capital Of Thailand?

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What Is The Capital Of Thailand

The capital of Thailand is Bangkok. The city is a lively metropolis celebrated for its energetic street scene and significant cultural attractions. Its official name, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, translates to “City of Angels,” highlighting its role as the central hub for Thailand’s political, economic, and cultural activities. Established in 1782 by King Rama I, the city is situated at the confluence of the Chao Phraya River, acting as a key entry point into Southeast Asia. Read more about what is the capital of Thailand in the blog.

Overview of Bangkok: City of Angels

Bangkok, the capital city and principal seaport of Thailand, stands as the sole urban centre in a nation made up of rural towns and villages. Bangkok is a city of contrasts, featuring modern high-rises next to ancient temples and vibrant markets.

  • The name Bangkok, which is used by foreigners, is believed to have originated from a name before the city’s construction—a village or district (bang) known for its wild plums (makok).
  • The Thai refer to their capital as Krung Thep for its lengthy official name. The name holds the Guinness World Record for having the largest name of the place in the world.

“Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Phiman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit.” 

In English, the name translates to –
“City of Angels, Great City of Immortals, Magnificent City of the Nine Gems, Seat of the King, City of Royal Palaces, Home of Gods Incarnate, Erected by Visvakarman at Indra’s Behest.”

  • The shortened name Krung Thep is translated as “City of Angels.”
  • Historically, Bangkok was partitioned into two separate municipalities, Krung Thep on the eastern bank and Thon Buri on the western side, linked by various bridges.
  • In 1971, these were amalgamated into a unified city-province with a singular municipal administration. 
  • By 1972, the city, along with the adjacent provinces, was amalgamated into a single province known as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (Bangkok Metropolis). 
  • This metropolis is characterized by its vibrant, densely populated nature, featuring temples, industrial areas, markets, and residential areas scattered along its streets and waterways.  
  • The city’s cultural roots can be seen in places such as the Grand Palace, Wat Pho, and Wat Arun. These historical locations provide insight into the nation’s Buddhist practices and royal history.

Also Read – What is the Capital City of Assam?

Geography, Demography and Economy of Bangkok

Bangkok is situated at the confluence of the Chao Phraya River, approximately 25 miles (40 km) from the Gulf of Thailand. The Bangkok Metropolitan Area spans 604 square miles (1,565 square km). As of 2000, the population was 6,355,144, which had grown to 8,305,218 by 2010.

  • All over the city, Buddhist shrines and monasteries known as wats, are decorated, and act as central points for spiritual, cultural, and sometimes business activities.
  • The city’s unique demographic traits have seen growth after World War II
  • Nearly half of the inhabitants are under the age of 20. The number of births has decreased following the launch of a birth control initiative.
  • The majority of the city’s inhabitants are of Thai ethnicity. However, the Chinese represent the largest minority group, with other Asian, North American, and European communities also present. 
Templo Wat Arun, Bangkok
  • In the city centre, many factories are found, but they tend to be small in size. 
  • The main industries in the area are – food processing, making textiles, assembling electronic devices, and creating construction materials.
  • The tourism sector also plays an important part in the economy.
  • Bangkok is home to roughly one-third of the nation’s banks, which account for three-fourths of all the deposits. 
  • Additionally, the Industrial Finance Corporation of Thailand, the Board of Investment, and the Securities Exchange of Thailand are all based in the city.
  • The majority of the languages in Thailand are from one of four primary language groups: Tai (which is a branch of the Tai-Kadai language family), Mon-Khmer (a branch of the Austroasiatic language family), Austronesian, and Sino-Tibetan. 
  • Moreover, English is extensively utilized in Thailand for business and numerous official activities.

Also Read – What is the Capital City of Uttrakhand?

Culture of Bangkok

The city is also celebrated for its diverse culinary scene, from street food vendors serving tasty Thai dishes to upscale restaurants that offer global cuisine. 

  • Bangkok is home to over 300 temples, showcasing traditional Thai architectural designs. A majority of these temples are surrounded by walls. 
  • The National Museum displays artefacts from prehistoric times to the Bronze Age, along with royal items from the 6th century AD. 
  • The city also features the National Library and the Thai National Documentation Department. The Thai House, named after a U.S. businessman and lover of Thai culture, is made up of several traditional Thai homes and boasts the largest collection of 17th-century Thai religious paintings in the country. 
  • Additionally, the Thai Households collections of Dvaravati and Khmer sculptures, along with Thai and Chinese ceramics and porcelain. 
  • Parks are the venue for various events, including fairs, festivals, and kite-fighting competitions. 
  • The Ratchadamnoen and Lumphini stadiums are the main locations for professional boxing matches, which are known for their unique Muai Thai boxing style. The Silapakorn National Theatre is a popular spot for performances of dance, drama, and music.

About Thailand

  • Thailand is also called the “Land of Golden Smiles”. 
  • It is a land that follows its own zodiac system which is based on Vedic astrology and different constellations.
  • Muay Thai, a well-liked martial art from Thailand, is also recognized as ‘The Art of Eight Limbs’ due to its significant cultural importance. 
  • The Lost City of Ayutthaya, located in Thailand, was the second capital of the Siamese Kingdom (now Thailand) from the 14th to the 18th centuries. It was a flourishing and powerful city, known for its grand temples, palaces, and complex network of canals. 
  • However, in 1767, the city was razed by the Burmese army, leading to its abandonment and earning it the designation of a “lost city.” Today, the Ayutthaya Historical Park preserves the ruins of this once-great city, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


What is the old name of Thailand?

Siam was the old name of Thailand, until June 24, 1939. Thailand was temporarily referred to as Siam from 1946 to 1948, following which it returned to being known as Thailand.

What language is spoken in Thailand?


What is Thailand best known for?

Thailand is celebrated for its deep cultural heritage, picturesque landscapes, and exquisite food, and stands as one of the world’s top travel spots.

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