M.S. Swaminathan: Life, Awards & Contributions

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dr ms swaminathan

Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan, also known as the father of India’s green revolution, was an Indian agronomist, agricultural scientist, and humanitarian. He was the main architect of the Green Revolution in India and introduced the development of several varieties of wheat and rice. Read this blog to learn more about M.S. Swaminathan’s life.

Overview Of M.S. Swaminathan
Famous AsFather of Green Revolution
OccupationAgricultural Scientist
Achievement Led India’s Green Revolution and favoured food security
OrganizationDirector General of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and also the Leader of the International Rice Research Institute
AwardsBharat RatnaWood Food PrizePadma VibhushanShanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award

M.S. Swaminathan: Early Life and Education 

Swaminathan was born in Kumbakonam, Madras Presidency, on August 7, 1925.

  • Swaminathan was the second son of M.K. Sambasivan and Parvati Thangammal Sambasivan
  • His father died when he was just 11 years old.
  • He decided to devote his life to providing a sufficient amount of food to the people of India after he saw the devastation caused by the Bengal Famine in 1943
  • In 1947, he joined the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi to study genetics and plant breeding.
  • Swaminathan then became a UNESCO fellow at the  Wageningen Agricultural University’s Institute of Genetics in the Netherlands for eight months
  • Swaminathan returned to India in early 1954. There were no jobs in his specialization, and it was only three months later that he received an opportunity from a former professor to work temporarily as an assistant botanist at the Central Rice Research Institute in Cuttack.
  • In 1972, he was appointed director-general of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
  • Swaminathan founded the Nuclear Research Laboratory at the IARI. He participated in and promoted the establishment of the International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics in India.

Also read: Who Is The Father Of Economics

M.S. Swaminathan Contributions

ContributionAchievement Impact
Development of High-Yielding VarietiesIntroduced disease-resistant wheat and rice varieties.  
Developed the world’s first high-yielding basmati rice.
Increased Food Production In India
Improved Agricultural PracticesPromoted the use of fertilizers and irrigation systems. 
 Encouraged crop rotation and soil conservation techniques.
Promoted sustainable farming practices.
Green RevolutionPromoted the evolution of the Green RevolutionTransformed India from a food-deficient to a food-sufficient nation.

M.S. Swaminathan: Awards and Honours

Some of the awards and honours of M.S. Swaminathan are – 

First World Food Prize1987
Padma Shri1967
Padma Bhushan1972
Padma Vibushan1989
Ramon Magsaysay Award1971
Albert Einstein World Science Award1986


What is M.S. Swaminathan known for?

M.S. Swaminathan is known as the “Father of India’s Green Revolution” for his pioneering work in agricultural science and his role in significantly increasing food production in India.

What are some of M.S. Swaminathan’s major awards?

He received several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, the World Food Prize, Padma Vibhushan, and the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award, in recognition of his contributions to agriculture and food security.

What was M.S. Swaminathan’s early career like?

After completing his education in genetics and plant breeding, Swaminathan joined the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and later became a UNESCO fellow at Wageningen Agricultural University. He dedicated his career to agricultural research and played a crucial role in various institutes and initiatives aimed at improving crop yields and food availability in India.

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