Engineering is a vast career stream filled with exciting and thriving prospects. These careers are demandingly creative as well as globally recognized. One such specialized branch is Traffic Engineering which has sprouted from the field of Civil and Transportation Engineering. This field is still emerging as a full-fledged career and hence is filled with plentiful interesting career opportunities to choose from. Let’s delve deeper into the field of Traffic Engineering, what it entails as well as the career prospects you can explore:
What is Traffic Engineering?
Traffic Engineering utilises principles of Engineering to ensure a secure and efficient movement of people and materials on several modes of transport and road networks. It is concerned with the functional elements of transportation systems and involves the designing of traffic control device installations as well as effective signals, signboards and markings for roads. The field is concerned with traffic safety and analyses locations that possess high crash rates and then innovate measures to minimize accidents or crashes. Traffic Engineering is connected with various other specializations such as,
- Pavement Engineering
- Highway Engineering
- Urban Planning
- Bicycle Transport Engineering
History of Traffic Engineering
The career of Traffic Engineering, obviously, grew because of the increasing number of roads and the need for land transportation. In 1806, US Congress was responsible for creating the first-ever road known as the Cumberland Road. That became the way to grow more and more roads around the country. As the population grew so did the traffic. Hence, there was a need for traffic rules and creating more advanced methods of land transportation. Electrical traffic lights were introduced in the US in 1928 to automate traffic control. Since traffic got more complex, traffic engineers were needed in more quantity and that need has only grown with time.
What does a Traffic Engineer do?
Traffic engineers study the movements of cars and improve transportation networks to create an efficient pathway. The roles are diverse and involve both office work and fieldwork. Here are the key responsibilities of a Traffic Engineer:
- Road Safety Protocols, traffic lights and signalling.
- Working with maintenance personnel.
- Transport planning and road planning.
- Working with behavioural scientists to analyse and predict driver behaviors.
- Metro rail planning.
As vehicles are being more advanced and futuristic, even traffic engineers are constantly evolving to ensure the safety of the people and goods that travel in different vehicles.
Reasons why you should choose a career in Traffic Engineering
There are many reasons why you should be a traffic engineer. This field has a lot to offer. Some of the biggest reasons why you should choose a career in this field are given below:
The field is always in demand
No matter what, roads will always be built and there needs to be people to optimize the traffic, build better roads that last longer, and reach different terrains through roads. Despite being one of the oldest engineering professions, it will always stay relevant. Hence, the field will always stay in demand till humanity sustains.
A lot of Scope
Unlike other engineering disciplines, traffic engineering is not overcrowded and is extremely profitable. Being a traffic engineer, you will be able to explore different countries and states while working with some of the greatest minds in the field.
It’s Innovating Everyday
Different countries in the world have different technology in the field of traffic engineering. That keeps improving with time because good traffic management helps manage daily works better. You will get to experience different and new methods of working in your fields as it will never get boring.
Scope of Traffic Engineering
Due to the massive increase of Vehicular population each year in India, there is a need to maintain and achieve a rapid flow of traffic efficiently reducing the risk of damage. The various jobs in Traffic Engineering work together to control the traffic on roads and fine the rule-breakers to maintain peace. The average salary of a Traffic Engineer in India is around 10.9 Lakhs INR to 15.5 Lakhs INR.
Thriving Career Opportunities to Choose From
Traffic Engineering is a relatively new and emerging career. So, here we have listed down the varied job prospects that you can discover in this field after complete a degree in either Civil Engineering or a specialised program in Traffic Engineering:
The role of a Highway Engineer is to ensure a smooth flow of traffic and plans the infrastructure of various highways that connect different regions and areas. They assure that roads are built efficiently and meet the requirements of the traffic flow of the particular region. Highway Engineers utilise the principles of physics and vehicle dynamics along with road user psychology. They are asked to draft a Traffic Control Plan (TCP) in which the requirements of signages and equipment for building a road is specified.
A Railroad Engineer is responsible for designing and redesigning of railroads across the country. They ascertain that the traffic flow is smooth and the rail traffic is diverted into necessary directions and bring in the required changes to increase the efficiency of a rail network and its route. Further, they also build new routes and redesign the existing ones to ensure a steady system of road networks in a country.
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Also referred to as Harbour Engineer, a Port Engineer is responsible for creating sea routes and managing various canals, their maintenance and how to manage traffic on various ports. Sea routes are still used by various countries for importing and exporting goods. Port Engineers manage, design and construct ports and administer sea traffic. They are responsible for an efficient flow of sea traffic various large and small ships that come to a port to load and unload various goods.
Airport engineers are responsible for building airports and airfields in various regions, they are also responsible for managing air traffic, analyse wind direction and supervise air safety. With the increase in the traffic flow at airports and the development of air routes have opened a lot of career opportunities for engineers who are interested in airport management and have the specific qualifications for the same.
A Traffic Technician acts as an assistant to a senior traffic engineer and is responsible for collecting data and look at various areas that are affected by traffic congestion. They also help in supervising and keeping a record of road safety at various highways and take necessary actions to reduce the risk of accidents.
Transportation Innovation Analyst
The role of a Transportation Innovation Analyst is to develop and implement transportation strategies in order to ascertain an efficient flow of goods and develop business relationships between various companies. A Transport Analyst also coordinates the supply of various goods either to the retailers or wholesalers. Multinational Companies mainly hire Transportation Innovation Analysts for handling supply chain management, operations and transportation projects.
A System Engineer is responsible for installing and supervising operating systems and physical infrastructure and makes sure that various equipment are installed in place and are tested thoroughly. They also work with software applications that are responsible for installing and supervising an infrastructure.
Traffic Engineering Courses
There are numerous courses offered in Traffic Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Transportation Engineering, amongst others. Here are the top Traffic Engineering courses you can explore to pursue a career in this field:
- Bachelor of Civil Engineering in Transport Constructions
- Bachelor of Engineering Sciences in Transport Engineering
- Masters in Railway Engineering
- Master of Transport and Traffic
- Master of Electromechanical Engineering Technology
- Master in Innovative Road and Bridge Engineering
- Masters in Smart City Management
Top Universities and Colleges
Here are the top colleges to study Traffic and Transportation Engineering in India:
- Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
- Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
- Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara
- RV College of Engineering, Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
- College of Engineering, Trivandrum
If you plan to study this specialisation abroad, here are the best universities and colleges offering Traffic Engineering and its related specialisations:
- California State University, Sacramento, USA
- Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
- Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
- The University of New Orleans, USA
- University of Leeds, UK
- University of Auckland, New Zealand
- Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA
Thus, Traffic Engineering is filled with a vast career scope and lets you explore innovative opportunities concerned with maintaining road, sea and transport infrastructure. Get in touch with Leverage Edu experts that can help you find an ideal course in Traffic Engineering to equip you with the necessary technical skills to explore a thriving career in this field.